Advertisement

Problems of Self-Determination in Tibet

  • A. Tom Grunfeld

Abstract

When we get around to creating the perfect world every ethnic, racial, religious, linguistic or national group that wishes to have an independent state will be readily able to do so. Until then, issues of self-determination will remain clouded by historical memory (real and imagined), geopolitics, race nationalism, cultural and/or linguistic chauvinism, security concerns, and much more. Tibet is just one of the many instances where the imperfections of our world make the question of self-determination so complex.

Keywords

Chinese Communist Party Chinese State Central Intelligence Agency Tibet Autonomous Region Chinese Authority 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. There have been only three general, comprehensive histories of Tibet in Western languages and they are all, now, outdated: Hugh E. Richardson, A Short History of Tibet (New York: E.P. Dutton, 1962)Google Scholar
  2. Tsepon W.D. Shakapba, Tibet. A Political History (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1967)Google Scholar
  3. A. Tom Grunfeld, The Making of Modern Tibet (London: Zed Books, 1987).Google Scholar
  4. 5.
    Tenzin Gyatso, the Dalai Lama, Freedom in Exile. The Autobiography of the Dalai Lama (New York: HarperCollins, 1990), pp. 222–223.Google Scholar
  5. 6.
    His Holiness the Dalai Lama, Collected Statements, Interviews and Articles (Dharamsala: The Information Office of His Holiness the Dalai Laina, 1982), p. 51.Google Scholar
  6. 7.
    Dawa Norbu, ‘China’s Dialogue with the Dalai Lama 1978–1990: Prenegotiation Stage or Dead End?’ Pacific Affairs, Vol. 64, No. 3, Fall 1991, p. 369.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 13.
    See Roger Hicks and Ngakpa Chogyam, Great Ocean. An Authorized Biography of the Buddhist Monk Tenzin Gyatso, His Holiness the Fourteenth Dalai Lama (Longmead, UK: Element Books, 1984), pp. 198–199.Google Scholar
  8. 14.
    Melvyn C. Goldstein, ‘The Dragon and the Snow Lion: The Tibet Question in the 20th Century,’ in Anthony J. Kane (ed.), China Briefing 1990 (Boulder, Co.: Westview Press, 1990), p. 150.Google Scholar
  9. 23.
    Robert Delfs, ‘Tibet’s Turbulent Monks,’ Far Eastern Economic Review, October 15, 1987, pp. 8–10.Google Scholar
  10. 25.
    ‘Human Rights Situation of the Tibetan People,’ Department of State Bulletin, Vol. 87, No. 2129, December 1987, p. 50; Elaine Sciolino, ‘US Official Defends Stance on Turmoil in Tibet,’ The New York Times, October 15, 1987, p. A18.Google Scholar
  11. 26.
    Sanjoy Hazorika, ‘Dalai Lama Urges Peaceful Protest,’ The New York Times, October 8, 1987, p. A8.Google Scholar
  12. 27.
    A. Tom Grunfeld, ‘Letter to the Editor,’ The New York Times, March 23, 1988, p. A26.Google Scholar
  13. 28.
    Salamat Ah and Robert Delfs, ‘One Game, Two Courts,’ Far Eastern Economic Review, October 6, 1988, p. 33.Google Scholar
  14. 34.
    Quoted in Ming Pao, June 2, 1988, in SWB, Part III, Far East, FE/0169-B2/ 1, June 4, 1988. For an excellent description of events inside Tibet during the 1980s see Tseten Wangchuk Sharlho, ‘China’s Reforms in Tibet: Issues and Dilemmas,’ The Journal of Contemporary China, Vol. 1, No. 1, Fall 1992, pp. 34–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 35.
    Sheila Rule, ‘How, And Why, the Dalai Lama Won the Peace Prize,’ The New York Times, October 13, 1989, p. A14.Google Scholar
  16. 36.
    Gwen Ifill, ‘Lawmakers Cheer Tibetan in Capitol Rotunda,’ The New York Times, April 19, 1991, p. A7; TB, May–June 1991, p. 16; TR, Vol. 26, No. 5, May 1991, p. 6; author’s interviews with State Department officials on the China Desk, March 9, 1992.Google Scholar
  17. 38.
    Fan Cheukwan, ‘Dalai Lama “Accused” of Blocking Talks,’ South China Morning Post, May 9, 1990, p. 6.Google Scholar
  18. 40.
    An L. Goldman, ‘Dalai Lama Appeals for Help in Going Home,’ The New York Times, October 10, 1991, p. A17Google Scholar
  19. Gerald Renner, ‘Dalai Lama: Genial Manner, Serious Mission,’ The Hartford Courant, October 10, 1991, p. A15.Google Scholar
  20. 42.
    Nicholas D. Kristof, ‘Foreign Investors Pouring Into China,’ The New York Times, June 15, 1992, pp. D1, D6.Google Scholar
  21. 44.
    Mang Chunjian and Xeirab Nyima, ‘Human Rights in Tibet: Past and Present,’ BR, Vol. 35, No. 8, February 24–March 1, 1992, p. 27.Google Scholar
  22. 45.
    Graham Hutchings, ‘China’s Fury at Major’s Talk With God-King,’ The Daily Telegraph, December 6, 1991, p. 12.Google Scholar
  23. 46.
    Nicholas D. Kristof, ‘China Issues Rebuttal To Human Rights Critics,’ The New York Times, November 3, 1991, p. Al2.Google Scholar
  24. 50.
    Nicholas D. Kristof, ‘How Tiananmen Square Helped Support for Tibet,’ The New York Times, August 18, 1991, Section 4, p. 4.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Hafeez Malik 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Tom Grunfeld

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations