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The Conventional Route, Joining Global Capitalism: Track 1 — Brazil

  • James H. Mittelman
  • Mustapha Kamal Pasha
Part of the International Political Economy Series book series (IPES)

Abstract

Formulating a strategy of development requires looking back over the trails Third World countries have already trod in their quest to accumulate capital. The real choices in the current global political economy are quite limited. One is to join the lane of traffic headed for capitalist development. (Tracks 1 and 2 distinguish the different conditions traversed by this outward-bound lane.) A second is to leave the mainstream, join the incoming traffic and aim for another destination. Third is to weave through the congestion, exploring an alternative passage, forcing an opening to the other end of the tunnel. Each route is a risky venture.

Keywords

Capital Good Multinational Corporation Foreign Capital International Capital Global Capitalism 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes and References

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  4. Sandra Steingraber and Judith Hurley, ‘Brazil’s Debt and Deforestation — A Global Warning’ (San Francisco: Institute for Food and Development Policy, 1990) p. 2.Google Scholar
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  40. On dependent state capitalism, see James Petras, Critical Perspectives on Imperialism and Social Class in the Third World (New York: Monthly Review Press, 1978) pp. 47, 89, 92. The 1985 economic recovery is reported in ‘The Ash Wednesday Awaiting Brazil’s Revelling Politicians’, The Economist (London), 8 February 1986.Google Scholar
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  44. Sources on indigenous peoples include ‘Amazon Indians’ Battle for Land Grows Violent’, New York Times, 11 June 1995, andGoogle Scholar
  45. ‘Indians Suffer Arrows of Misfortune in Brazil’, Financial Times (London), 4 July 1995.Google Scholar
  46. The decrease in the external debt is noted in the Wall Street Journal, 11 January 1993.Google Scholar
  47. The growing problem of debt peonage is reported in ‘Slavery on the Rise in Brazil as Debt Chains Workers’, New York Times, 23 May 1993.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© James H. Mittelman and Mustapha Kamal Pasha 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • James H. Mittelman
    • 1
  • Mustapha Kamal Pasha
    • 1
  1. 1.School of International ServiceAmerican UniversityWashington, DCUSA

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