Sources of Received Ideas about the Third World
Has read at Makerere University.
He has read deeply and widely,
But if you ask him a question
You are insulting him;
He opens up with a quarrel
He begins to look down upon you
‘You ask questions
That are a waste of time!
My questions are silly questions,
Typical questions from village girls,
Questions of uneducated people,
Useless questions from untutored minds.
He has no time to waste
Discussing things with a thing like me
Who has not been to school.
A university man
Can only have useful talk
With another university man or woman.
And that is funny,
That he should stoop so low
Even to listen
To my questions.
KeywordsModernization Theory Underdeveloped Country American Foreign Policy Dependency Approach Modernization School
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Notes and References
- The quotations from Okot p’Bitek’s Song of Lawino (Nairobi: East African Publishing House, 1966) are taken from pp. 140, 141, 142, 155, 156, 207 and 208.Google Scholar
- The backdrop to Song of Lawino is the subject of James H. Mittelman, Ideology and Politics in Uganda: From Obote to Amin (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1975).Google Scholar
- The comments by Hugh Trevor-Roper, ‘The Rise of Christian Europe’, The Listener (London), 28 November 1963, p. 871, areGoogle Scholar
- reported by Ali A. Mazrui, Cultural Engineering and Nation-Building in East Africa (Evanston, Ill.: Northwestern University Press, 1972) p. 7.Google Scholar
- Severeid’s remarks were on CBS Evening News, 15 July 1975. The quote from Option 2 can be found in NSSM-39, edited and introduced by Mohamed A. El-Khawas and Barry Cohen, The Kissinger Study of Southern Africa (Westport, Conn.: Lawrence Hill, 1976) p. 105.Google Scholar
- Seymour M. Hersh, The Price of Power: Kissinger in the Nixon White House (New York: Summit Books, 1983) p. 263,Google Scholar
- describes the Nixon-Valdés meeting. Hersh cites material in Armando Urbie’s memoir, The Black Book of American Intervention in Chile (Boston, Mass.: Beacon Press, 1975) pp. 30–3.Google Scholar
- Cecil Rhodes is quoted in Imperialism, the Highest Stage of Capitalism (Beijing: Foreign Language Press, 1973) p. 94, by V. I. Lenin.Google Scholar
- The same theme appears in Sir Sidney James, ‘Personal Recollections of Cecil Rhodes; 1, Some Conversations in London’, The Nineteenth Century, 51 (May 1902), pp. 832, 835.Google Scholar
- The five phases on the road to modernization are outlined by W. W. Rostow, The Stages of Economic Growth: A Non-Communist Manifesto (London: Cambridge University Press, 1960).Google Scholar
- On the failure of modernization theory to come to grips with causality, see Geoffrey Kay, Development and Underdevelopment: A Marxist Analysis (New York: St Martin’s Press, 1975) pp. x, 2.Google Scholar
- Perhaps the best book in the dependency framework is Fernando Henrique Cardoso and Enzo Faletto, Dependency and Development in Latin America, trans. Marjory Mattingly Urquidi (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1975).Google Scholar
- On the origins of underdevelopment, a work which informs our analysis is Walter Rodney, How Europe Underdeveloped Africa (London: Bogle-L’Ouverture Publications, 1972).Google Scholar
- The economic legacy of imperialism and a suggested antidote are presented by Clive Thomas, Dependence and Transformation: The Economics of the Transition to Socialism (New York: Monthly Review Press, 1974).Google Scholar
- This vast literature is reviewed by Ronald H. Chilcote, Theories of Development and Underdevelopment (Boulder, Col.: Westview Press, 1984).Google Scholar
- On the issue of Canada’s dependence on the USA see Bruce W Wilkinson, ‘The Canada-U.S. Free Trade Negotiations’, in David L. McKee (ed.), Canadian-American Economic Relations: Conflict and Cooperation on a Continental Scale (New York: Praeger, 1988) p. 90.Google Scholar
- The statistics on Canada’s economy are drawn from John Robert Colombo (ed.), 1994 The Canadian Global Almanac (Toronto: Macmillan Canada, 1993) pp. 193, 218–19; andGoogle Scholar
- Statistics Canada, Canada’s International Investment Position 1993 (Ottawa: Canada Communications Group, published by the authority of the minister responsible for Statistics Canada, 1994) pp. 72–4.Google Scholar