From the ‘Four Modernisations’ to the ‘Three Poisonous Weeds’: Deng Xiaoping and the ‘Gang of Four’
Four months before the tenth Congress, China-watchers were surprised at an event which took place in Beijing. The occasion was a state banquet for Prince Sihanouk of Cambodia on 12 April 1973, which in itself was a matter of no great significance. What did attract attention, however, was the sight of a cadre of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs approaching a small man who stood diffidently by the door as if unsure whether he was welcome to enter. Taking him by the arm the cadre led him into the throng in the banqueting hall. The cadre was Wang Hairong, Mao Zedong’s niece. The man was Deng Xiaoping, and Miss Wang’s action symbolised that ‘Vice-Premier Deng’, as he was once again styled, had not only come in from the cold, but had done so with Mao’s blessing.1 And at the tenth Congress, over which Mao presided, Deng was by far the most senior of the pre-Cultural Revolution leaders to be rehabilitated.
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Notes and References
- 1.E. Rice, ‘The Second Rise and Fall of Teng Hsiao-p’ing’, in CQ, September 1976, pp. 494–5.Google Scholar
- 6.Schram (ed.), Mao Tse-tung Unrehearsed (Harmondsworth: Penguin Books 1974), p. 265.Google Scholar
- 15.D. Zweig, ‘The Peita Debate on Education and the fall of Teng Hsiao-p’ing’, in CQ, March 1973, pp. 141–59.Google Scholar