Advertisement

A Janus-Faced Army? The Military and Reform Policies in the PRC

  • Eberhard Sandschneider
Part of the Studies on the Chinese Economy book series (STCE)

Abstract

Throughout the 1960s and 1970s it was hardly necessary to justify a continuously high academic interest in the political role of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (pla). The representation of military leaders in central and regional leadership bodies of party and government organs in the People’s Republic of China (prc) was — even for Chinese standards — high, and so was the academic output of work on the subject.1 As soon as the army’s extensive representation started to decrease, the academic interest of western China watchers followed proportionally. Today, the major interest in studies on the pla focuses primarily on questions of technical modernisation and technology transfer.2 Observation of the army’s political role has been reduced to a sideline occupation.

Keywords

Reform Policy Political Control North East Asian Study Military Leader Military Elite 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Bibliography

  1. Cheung, Tai Ming (1988) ‘Disarmament and Development in China: The Relationship between National Defence and Economic Development’ Asian Survey, vol. XXVIII, no. 7 (July) pp. 757–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Finer, Samuel E (1962) The Man on Horseback: The Role of the Military in Politics (London).Google Scholar
  3. Gittings, John (1967) The Role of the Chinese Army (London).Google Scholar
  4. Griffith, James B. (1967) The Chinese People’s Liberation Army (New York).Google Scholar
  5. Herspring, David R. and Volgyes, Ivan (eds) (1978) Civil-military Relations in Communist Systems (Boulder: Colorado).Google Scholar
  6. Huntington, Samuel P. (1957) The Soldier and the State: The Theory and Politics of Civil-Military Relations (Cambridge, Mass.).Google Scholar
  7. International Institute for Strategic Studies (nss) (ed.) (1988) The Military Balance 1987/88 (London).Google Scholar
  8. Jencks, Harlan W. (1982) From Muskets to Missiles: Politics and Professionalism in the Chinese Army, 1945–1981 (Boulder, Colorado).Google Scholar
  9. Joffe, Ellis (1965) Party and Army: Professionalism and Political Control in the Chinese Officer Corps. 1949–1964 (Cambridge, Mass).Google Scholar
  10. Joffe, Ellis (1987) The Chinese Army after Mao (Cambridge, Mass).Google Scholar
  11. Larrabee, Stephen F. (1988) ‘Gorbachev and the Soviet Military’, Foreign Affairs (Summer) pp. 1002–25.Google Scholar
  12. Lovejoy, Charles D. Jr. and Watson, Bruce W. (eds) (1986) China’s Military Reforms, International and Domestic Implications (Boulder/London).Google Scholar
  13. Lee, Wei-chin (1987/88) ‘The Birth of a Salesman’: China as an Arms Supplier’ Journal of North East Asian Studies vol. VI, no 4 (Winter 1987/88) pp. 32–46.Google Scholar
  14. Nelson, Harvey (1981) The Chinese Military System: An Organisational Study of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (2nd ed., revised and updated; Boulder, Colorado).Google Scholar
  15. Robinson, Thomas W. (1982) ‘Chinese Military Modernisation in the 1980s’ China Quarterly, 90 (June) pp. 231–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Sandschneider, Eberhard Militär und Politik in der Volksrepublik China, 1969–1985, Mitteilungen des Instituts für Asienkunde 160. (Hamburg, 1987).Google Scholar
  17. Segal, Gerald and Tow, William T. (eds) (1984) Chinese Defence Policy (Urbana, Ill.).Google Scholar
  18. Stuart, Douglas T and Tow, William T. (1982) ‘Chinese Military Modernisation: The Western Arms Connection’ China Quarterly 90, June 1982, pp. 253–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Teufel Dreyer, June (1984) ‘China’s Military in the 1980’s’, Current History (September).Google Scholar
  20. Teufel Dreyer, June (1988) ‘The PLA: Demobilisation and its Effects’, Issues and Studies, vol. 24, no. 2 (February).Google Scholar
  21. Teufel Dreyer, June (ed.) (1989) Chinese Defence and Foreign Policy (New York).Google Scholar
  22. Wagenlehner, Günther (1988) ‘Militärdoktrin und Glasnost. Die drei Ebenen des sowjetischen Militärwesens’, Osteuropa June 1988, pp. 435–46.Google Scholar
  23. Whitson, William W. (with Huang Chen-hsia) (1973), The Chinese High Command (New York).Google Scholar
  24. Yang, Richard H. (ed.) (1988) SCPS Yearbook on PLA Affairs 1987 (Sun Yat-sen Centre for Policy Studies, National Sun Yat-sen University, Kaohsiung, R.O.C.)Google Scholar
  25. Yü Yü-lin (1986) ‘The Role of the PLA in Mainland China’s Power Transition’, Issues and Studies, vol. 21, no. 12 (December) pp. 76–92.Google Scholar
  26. Yü Yü-lin (1988) ‘The PLA’S Political Role after the CCP’S Thirteenth National Congress: Continuity and Change’, Issues and Studies, vol. 24, no. 9 (September) pp. 11–35.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Gordon White 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eberhard Sandschneider

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations