Effective Advocacy for School-Based Mental Health Programs

  • Kathy Hoganbruen
  • Caroline Clauss-Ehlers
  • David Nelson
  • Michael M. Faenza
Part of the Issues in Clinical Child Psychology book series (ICCP)

Reflecting the theme of this book, school-based mental health programs present an essential avenue for minimizing the barriers and increasing health care access for youth by offering services in a familiar setting where youth spend the majority of their day. Schools in collaboration with communities can play a vital role in identifying and treating children with emerging mental health needs, in addition to offering more intensive, ongoing services for those with chronic disorders. Further, the role of school-based mental health services extends beyond youth with sed to include prevention for youth who do not exhibit signs of mental illness. For instance, high rates of youth substance abuse, violence, suicide, and other preventable behaviors speak to a need for school-based programs that enhance youth resiliency by decreasing those factors that put youth at risk for mental health problems (e.g., poor anger management, academic difficulty) and increasing the factors that “protect” youth (e.g., effective communication skills, having adult mentors)


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Acosta, O, (2001). In conversation with the authors.Google Scholar
  2. Adelman, H., & Taylor, L. (1993). School-based mental health: Toward a comprehensive approach. Journal of Mental Health Administration, 20, 32–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Adelman, H., & Taylor, L. (1999). Mental health in schools and systems restructuring. Clinical Psychology Review, 19,137–163.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ambrose, M. G., Weist, M. D., Schaeffer, C, Nabors, L. A., & Hill, S. (in press). In M. Weist, H. Ghuman, & R. Sarles (Eds.), Improving the quality and measuring the impact of a school mental health program. In Providing mental health services to youth where they are: School and other community-based approaches. New York: Taylor & Francis.Google Scholar
  5. Atkinson, D. R., & Juntunen, C. L. (1994). School counselors and school psychologists as school-home-community liaisons in ethnically diverse schools. In P. Pedersen & J. C. Carey (Eds.), Multicultural counseling in schools(pp. 103–120). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.Google Scholar
  6. Baker, S. B. (2000). School counseling for the twenty-first century(3rd ed.). New Jersey: Merrill, Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
  7. Bergan, J. R. (1977). Behavioral consultation. Columbus, OH: Merrill.Google Scholar
  8. Bureau of Primary Health Care, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (1996). Healing fractured lives: How three school-based projects approach violence prevention and mental health care. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.Google Scholar
  9. Burns, B. J., & Friedman, R. M. (1990). Examining the research base for child mental health services and policy. Journal of Mental Health Administration, 17, 87–97.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Caplan, G. (1970). The theory and practice of mental health consultation. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  11. Carlson, G. A., & Garber, J. (1986). Developmental issues in the classification of depression in children. In M. Rutter, C. E. Izard, & P. B. Read (Eds.), Depression in young people: Developmental and clinical perspectives(pp. 339–434). New York: Guilford.Google Scholar
  12. Chua-Eoan, H. (1999, May 31). Escaping from the darkness. Time, 44–49.Google Scholar
  13. Clauss, C. S. (1998). Cultural intersections and systems levels in counseling. Cultural Diversity and Mental Health, 4(2), 127–134.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Clauss-Ehlers, C. S., & Lopez Levi, L. (in press). Violence and community, terms in conflict: An ecological approach to resilience. Journal of Social Distress and the Homeless.Google Scholar
  15. Clauss-Ehlers, C. S., & Weist, M. (2002). Children are news worthy: Working effectively with the media to improve systems of child and adolescent mental health. In H. Ghuman, M. Weist, & R. Sarles (Eds.), Providing mental health services to youth where they are: School and community-based approaches.Google Scholar
  16. Colbert, R. D. (1996). The counselor's role in advancing school and family partnerships. The School Counselor, 44(2), 100–104.Google Scholar
  17. Cook, D. W. (1989). Systematic needs assessment: A primer. Journal of Counseling and Development, 67, 462–464.Google Scholar
  18. Cowen, E. L., Hightower, A. D., Pedro-Carroll, J. L., Work, W. C, Wyman, P. A., & Haffey, W. G. (1996). School-based prevention for children at risk. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.Google Scholar
  19. Dougherty, A. M. (1992). School consultation in the 1990s. Elementary School Guidance and Counseling, 26, 163–164.Google Scholar
  20. Durlak, J. A. (1995). School-based prevention programs for children and adolescents. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  21. Dykeman, C. (1995). The privatization of the school counselor. School Counselor, 43, 29–34.Google Scholar
  22. Edmonds, R. R. (1979). Effective schools for the urban poor. Educational Leadership, 37,15–24.Google Scholar
  23. Flaherty, L. T., & Weist, M. D. (1999). School-based mental health services: The Baltimore models. Psychology in the Schools, 36, 379–389.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Gladding, S. T. (1996). Counseling: A comprehensive profession(3rd ed.). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Merrill/Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
  25. Kameen, M. C., Robinson, E. H., & Rotter, J. C. (1985). Coordination activities: A study of perceptions of elementary and middle school counselors. Elementary School Guidance and Counseling, 20, 97–104.Google Scholar
  26. Keys, S. G., & Bernak, F. (1997). School-family-community linked services: A school counseling role for changing times. The School Counselor, 44(4), 255–263.Google Scholar
  27. Knoff, H. M., & Batsche, G. M. (1995). Project ACHIEVE: Analyzing a school reform process for at-risk and underachieving students. School Psychology Review, 24, 579–603.Google Scholar
  28. Kurpius, D. J., & Fuqua, D. R. (Eds.). (1993). Special issue: Consultation: A paradigm for helping, II. Personnel and Guidance Journal, 56, 320–323.Google Scholar
  29. Lum, M. (2001). In conversation with the authors.Google Scholar
  30. McBrien, R. J. (1983). Are you thinking of killing yourself?: Confronting students' suicidal thoughts. The School Counselor, 31, 75–82.Google Scholar
  31. Meeks, A. R. (1968). Guidance in elementary education. New York: Ronald Press Co.Google Scholar
  32. Nabors, L. A., Weist, M. D., Tashman, N. A., & Myers, C. P. (1999). Quality assurance and school-based mental health services. Psychology in the Schools, 36, 485–493.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Schmidt, J. J. (1999). Counseling in schools: Essential services and comprehensive programs(3rd ed.). Boston: Allyn and Bacon.Google Scholar
  34. Sheeley, V. L., & Herlihy, B. (1989). Counseling suicidal teens: A duty to warn and protect. The School Counselor, 37, 79–87.Google Scholar
  35. Tashman, N. A., Waxman, R. P., Nabors, L. A., & Weist, M. D. (1998). The PREPARE approach to training clinicians in school mental health. Journal of School Health, 68,162–164.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. Waxman, R. P., Weist, M. D., & Benson, D. (1999). Toward collaboration in the growing education-mental health interface. Clinical Psychology Review, 19, 239–253.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Weissberg, R. P., & Greenberg, M. T. (1998). Social and community competence-enhancement and prevention programs. In W. Damon, I. E. Sigel, & K. A. Renninger (Eds.), Handbook of child psychology, Volume 5: Child psychology in practice(pp. 877–954). New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  38. Weist, M. D. (1997a). Expanded school mental health services: A national movement in progress. In T. H.Ollendick, & R. J. Prinz (Eds.), Advances in clinical child psychology, Volume 19(pp. 319–352). New York: Plenum Press.Google Scholar
  39. Weist, M. D. (1997b). Protective factors in childhood and adolescence. In J. Noshpitz (Ed.), Handbook of child and adolescent psychiatry, Volume 3(pp. 27–34). New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  40. Weist, M. D. (1999). Challenges and opportunities in expanded school mental health. Clinical Psychology Review, 19,131–135.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Weist, M. D., & Christodulu, K. V. (2000). Expanded school mental health programs: Advancing reform and closing the gap between research and practice. Journal of School Health, 70(5), 195–200.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Weisz, J. R., & Weiss, B. (1993). Effects of psychotherapy with children and adolescents. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  43. Wenar, C. (1994). Developmental psychopathology: From infancy through adolescence(3rd ed.).New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kathy Hoganbruen
    • 1
  • Caroline Clauss-Ehlers
    • 2
  • David Nelson
    • 1
  • Michael M. Faenza
    • 1
  1. 1.National Mental Health AssociationAlexandria
  2. 2.Graduate School of EducationRutgers UniversityNew Brunswick

Personalised recommendations