Refraction of Light

  • Thomas D. Rossing
  • Christopher J. Chiaverina
Part of the Undergraduate Texts in Contemporary Physics book series (UTCP)


When light is transmitted from one medium to another, as in Fig. 3. 1, it usually changes its direction (unless its angle of incidence is 90 degrees). If it travels slower in the second medium, as in Fig. 3. 1, it is bent toward the normal; if it travels faster, it is bent away from the normal.


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References and Suggested Reading

  1. Hewett, P. G. (1993). Conceptual Physics, 7th ed. New York: HarperCollins, Chapter 27.Google Scholar
  2. Kirkpatrick, L. D., and Wheeler, G. F. (1995). Physics: A World View, 2nd ed. Philadelphia: Saunders College Publishing, Chapters 16, 17.Google Scholar
  3. Rossing, T. D. (1990). The Science of Sound, 2nd ed. Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley, Chapter 3.Google Scholar
  4. Weber, R. L., White, M. W., and Manning, K. V. (1959). College Physics, 3rd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, Chapters 41–44.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas D. Rossing
    • 1
  • Christopher J. Chiaverina
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsNorthern Illinois UniversityDe KalbUSA
  2. 2.Science DepartmentNew Trier High SchoolWinnetkaUSA

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