Environmental Movement in Democratizing Taiwan (1980–2004): A Political Opportunity Structure Perspective

  • Ming-sho HoEmail author
Part of the Nonprofit and Civil Society Studies book series (NCSS)


This chapter traces the development of Taiwan’s environmentalism over the past two decades with the central question how these social mobilizations for better living quality were related to the overall political transition. A political opportunity structure perspective identifies state autonomy, policy channel, policing of protests, and political ally as the main factors that affect the interaction between state and environmentalism. With this analytical framework, Taiwan’s environmentalism is shown to undergo the following stages of fermentation (1980–1986), radicalization (1987–1992), institutionalization (1993–1999), and incorporation (2000–2004) .


Environmental Impact Assessment Democratic Progressive Party Environmental Movement Democratic Transition Environmental Protection Administration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SociologyNational Taiwan UniversityTaipei, 106Taiwan

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