Advertisement

pp 1-23 | Cite as

Behavioral and Physical Activity Interventions for HAND

  • Jessica L. Montoya
  • Brook Henry
  • David J. MooreEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences book series

Abstract

Approximately 30–50% of persons living with HIV manifest some degree of neurocognitive impairment. Even mild-to-moderate forms of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) can result in difficulties with everyday functioning, such as suboptimal medication adherence and impaired driving. Despite the pervasive presence and consequences of HAND, there is a significant unmet need to develop effective behavioral strategies to reduce the incidence and consequences of HAND. Although there is an absence of evidence-based behavioral interventions specific to HAND, the literature reviewed in this chapter suggest the following modifiable lifestyle factors as intervention targets: physical activity, diet, sleep, and antiretroviral medication adherence. Adoption and maintenance of these healthy lifestyle factors may reduce inflammation and oxidative stress, which, in turn, may reduce the incidence and/or severity of HAND.

Keywords

Antiretroviral therapy adherence Cognition Diet Exercise Nutrition Physical activity Sleep 

References

  1. Albarracin D, Rothman AJ, di Clemente R, del Rio C (2010) Wanted: a theoretical roadmap to research and practice across individual, interpersonal, and structural levels of analysis. AIDS Behav 14(Suppl 2):185–188.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-010-9805-xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ancuta P, Kamat A, Kunstman KJ, Kim EY, Autissier P, Wurcel A et al (2008) Microbial translocation is associated with increased monocyte activation and dementia in AIDS patients. PLoS One 3(6):e2516.  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002516CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Antinori A, Arendt G, Becker JT, Brew BJ, Byrd DA, Cherner M et al (2007) Updated research nosology for HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders. Neurology 69(18):1789–1799.  https://doi.org/10.1212/01.WNL.0000287431.88658.8bCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Araújo-Soares V, Hankonen N, Presseau J, Rodrigues A, Sniehotta F (2018) Developing behavior change interventions for self-management in chronic illness. Eur Psychol.  https://doi.org/10.1027/1016-9040/a000330
  5. Balfour L, Kowal J, Silverman A, Tasca GA, Angel JB, Macpherson PA et al (2006) A randomized controlled psycho-education intervention trial: improving psychological readiness for successful HIV medication adherence and reducing depression before initiating HAART. AIDS Care 18(7):830–838.  https://doi.org/10.1080/09540120500466820CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Barak Y, Aizenberg D (2010) Is dementia preventable? Focus on Alzheimer’s disease. Expert Rev Neurother 10(11):1689–1698.  https://doi.org/10.1586/ern.10.159CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Beach MC, Roter DL, Saha S, Korthuis PT, Eggly S, Cohn J et al (2015) Impact of a brief patient and provider intervention to improve the quality of communication about medication adherence among HIV patients. Patient Educ Couns 98(9):1078–1083.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pec.2015.05.011CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Best JR, Chiu BK, Liang Hsu C, Nagamatsu LS, Liu-Ambrose T (2015) Long-term effects of resistance exercise training on cognition and brain volume in older women: results from a randomized controlled trial. J Int Neuropsychol Soc 21(10):745–756.  https://doi.org/10.1017/S1355617715000673CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Blackwell T, Yaffe K, Laffan A, Ancoli-Israel S, Redline S, Ensrud KE et al (2014) Associations of objectively and subjectively measured sleep quality with subsequent cognitive decline in older community-dwelling men: the MrOS sleep study. Sleep 37(4):655–663.  https://doi.org/10.5665/sleep.3562CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Blashill AJ, Mayer KH, Crane H, Magidson JF, Grasso C, Mathews WC et al (2013) Physical activity and health outcomes among HIV-infected men who have sex with men: a longitudinal mediational analysis. Ann Behav Med 46(2):149–156.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12160-013-9489-3CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Botros D, Somarriba G, Neri D, Miller TL (2012) Interventions to address chronic disease and HIV: strategies to promote exercise and nutrition among HIV-infected individuals. Curr HIV/AIDS Rep 9(4):351–363.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11904-012-0135-7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Brotons C, Bulc M, Sammut MR, Sheehan M, Manuel da Silva Martins C, Bjorkelund C et al (2012) Attitudes toward preventive services and lifestyle: the views of primary care patients in Europe. The EUROPREVIEW patient study. Fam Pract 29(Suppl 1):i168–i176.  https://doi.org/10.1093/fampra/cmr102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Byun E, Gay CL, Lee KA (2016) Sleep, fatigue, and problems with cognitive function in adults living with HIV. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care 27(1):5–16.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jana.2015.10.002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Capili B, Anastasi JK (2008) Body mass index and nutritional intake in patients with HIV and chronic diarrhea: a secondary analysis. J Am Acad Nurse Pract 20(9):463–470.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-7599.2008.00349.xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Carr A, Samaras K, Burton S, Law M, Freund J, Chisholm DJ et al (1998) A syndrome of peripheral lipodystrophy, hyperlipidaemia and insulin resistance in patients receiving HIV protease inhibitors. AIDS 12(7):F51–F58Google Scholar
  16. Chen YC, Lin CY, Strong C, Li CY, Wang JS, Ko WC et al (2017) Sleep disturbances at the time of a new diagnosis: a comparative study of human immunodeficiency virus patients, cancer patients, and general population controls. Sleep Med 36:38–43.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sleep.2017.04.005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Cifuentes M, Davis M, Fernald D, Gunn R, Dickinson P, Cohen DJ (2015) Electronic health record challenges, workarounds, and solutions observed in practices integrating behavioral health and primary care. J Am Board Fam Med 28(Suppl 1):S63–S72.  https://doi.org/10.3122/jabfm.2015.S1.150133CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Connell LE, Carey RN, de Bruin M, Rothman AJ, Johnston M, Kelly MP et al (2018) Links between behavior change techniques and mechanisms of action: an expert consensus study. Ann Behav Med.  https://doi.org/10.1093/abm/kay082
  19. Cysique LA, Moffat K, Moore DM, Lane TA, Davies NW, Carr A et al (2013) HIV, vascular and aging injuries in the brain of clinically stable HIV-infected adults: a (1)H MRS study. PLoS One 8(4):e61738.  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0061738CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. D’Antoni ML, Byron MM, Chan P, Sailasuta N, Sacdalan C, Sithinamsuwan P et al (2018) Normalization of soluble CD163 after institution of antiretroviral therapy during acute HIV infection tracks with fewer neurological abnormalities. J Infect Dis 218(9):1453–1463.  https://doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jiy337CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. d’Ettorre G, Ceccarelli G, Giustini N, Mastroianni CM, Silvestri G, Vullo V (2014) Taming HIV-related inflammation with physical activity: a matter of timing. AIDS Res Hum Retrovir 30(10):936–944.  https://doi.org/10.1089/AID.2014.0069CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Dahlgren G, Whitehead M (2006) European strategies for tackling social inequities in health: levelling up Part 2. World Health Organization, CopenhagenGoogle Scholar
  23. Dang AK, Nguyen LH, Nguyen AQ, Tran BX, Tran TT, Latkin CA et al (2018) Physical activity among HIV-positive patients receiving antiretroviral therapy in Hanoi and Nam Dinh, Vietnam: a cross-sectional study. BMJ Open 8(5):e020688.  https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-020688CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Davis CL, Tomporowski PD, Boyle CA, Waller JL, Miller PH, Naglieri JA et al (2007) Effects of aerobic exercise on overweight children’s cognitive functioning: a randomized controlled trial. Res Q Exerc Sport 78(5):510–519.  https://doi.org/10.1080/02701367.2007.10599450CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Devore EE, Kang JH, Breteler MM, Grodstein F (2012) Dietary intakes of berries and flavonoids in relation to cognitive decline. Ann Neurol 72(1):135–143.  https://doi.org/10.1002/ana.23594CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Dube MP, Stein JH, Aberg JA, Fichtenbaum CJ, Gerber JG, Tashima KT et al (2003) Guidelines for the evaluation and management of dyslipidemia in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected adults receiving antiretroviral therapy: recommendations of the HIV Medical Association of the Infectious Disease Society of America and the Adult AIDS Clinical Trials Group. Clin Infect Dis 37(5):613–627.  https://doi.org/10.1086/378131CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Dufour CA, Marquine MJ, Fazeli PL, Henry BL, Ellis RJ, Grant I et al (2013) Physical exercise is associated with less neurocognitive impairment among HIV-infected adults. J Neurovirol 19(5):410–417.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s13365-013-0184-8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Dufour CA, Marquine MJ, Fazeli PL, Umlauf A, Henry BL, Zlatar Z et al (2018) A longitudinal analysis of the impact of physical activity on neurocognitive functioning among HIV-infected adults. AIDS Behav 22(5):1562–1572.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-016-1643-zCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Duran AC, Almeida LB, Segurado AA, Jaime PC (2008) Diet quality of persons living with HIV/AIDS on highly active antiretroviral therapy. J Hum Nutr Diet 21(4):346–350.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-277X.2008.00886.xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Durmer JS, Dinges DF (2005) Neurocognitive consequences of sleep deprivation. Semin Neurol 25(1):117–129.  https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2005-867080CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Eldredge LKB, Markham CM, Ruiter RAC, Kok G, Fernandez ME, Parcel GS (2016) Planning health promotion programs: an intervention mapping approach. Wiley, HobokenGoogle Scholar
  32. Engeroff T, Ingmann T, Banzer W (2018) Physical activity throughout the adult life span and domain-specific cognitive function in old age: a systematic review of cross-sectional and longitudinal data. Sports Med 48(6):1405–1436.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-018-0920-6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Estruch R, Ros E, Salas-Salvado J, Covas MI, Corella D, Aros F et al (2013) Primary prevention of cardiovascular disease with a Mediterranean diet. N Engl J Med 368(14):1279–1290.  https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1200303CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Ettenhofer ML, Foley J, Castellon SA, Hinkin CH (2010) Reciprocal prediction of medication adherence and neurocognition in HIV/AIDS. Neurology 74(15):1217–1222.  https://doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0b013e3181d8c1caCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Farina N, Rusted J, Tabet N (2014) The effect of exercise interventions on cognitive outcome in Alzheimer's disease: a systematic review. Int Psychogeriatr 26(1):9–18.  https://doi.org/10.1017/S1041610213001385CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Faubel R, Lopez-Garcia E, Guallar-Castillon P, Graciani A, Banegas JR, Rodriguez-Artalejo F (2009) Usual sleep duration and cognitive function in older adults in Spain. J Sleep Res 18(4):427–435.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2869.2009.00759.xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Fazeli PL, Marquine MJ, Dufour C, Henry BL, Montoya J, Gouaux B et al (2015) Physical activity is associated with better neurocognitive and everyday functioning among older adults with HIV disease. AIDS Behav 19(8):1470–1477.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-015-1024-zCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Firth J, Cotter J, Carney R, Yung AR (2017) The pro-cognitive mechanisms of physical exercise in people with schizophrenia. Br J Pharmacol 174(19):3161–3172.  https://doi.org/10.1111/bph.13772CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Fito M, Estruch R, Salas-Salvado J, Martinez-Gonzalez MA, Aros F, Vila J et al (2014) Effect of the Mediterranean diet on heart failure biomarkers: a randomized sample from the PREDIMED trial. Eur J Heart Fail 16(5):543–550.  https://doi.org/10.1002/ejhf.61CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Fjeldsoe BS, Marshall AL, Miller YD (2009) Behavior change interventions delivered by mobile telephone short-message service. Am J Prev Med 36(2):165–173.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2008.09.040CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Gamaldo CE, Gamaldo A, Creighton J, Salas RE, Selnes OA, David PM et al (2013) Evaluating sleep and cognition in HIV. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 63(5):609–616.  https://doi.org/10.1097/QAI.0b013e31829d63abCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Gannon P, Khan MZ, Kolson DL (2011) Current understanding of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders pathogenesis. Curr Opin Neurol 24(3):275–283.  https://doi.org/10.1097/WCO.0b013e32834695fbCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Gill SJ, Friedenreich CM, Sajobi TT, Longman RS, Drogos LL, Davenport MH et al (2015) Association between lifetime physical activity and cognitive functioning in middle-aged and older community dwelling adults: results from the brain in motion study. J Int Neuropsychol Soc 21(10):816–830.  https://doi.org/10.1017/S1355617715000880CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Golin CE, Earp J, Tien HC, Stewart P, Porter C, Howie L (2006) A 2-arm, randomized, controlled trial of a motivational interviewing-based intervention to improve adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) among patients failing or initiating ART. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 42(1):42–51.  https://doi.org/10.1097/01.qai.0000219771.97303.0aCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Grobler L, Siegfried N, Visser ME, Mahlungulu SS, Volmink J (2013) Nutritional interventions for reducing morbidity and mortality in people with HIV. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2:CD004536.  https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD004536.pub3CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Guiney H, Machado L (2013) Benefits of regular aerobic exercise for executive functioning in healthy populations. Psychon Bull Rev 20(1):73–86.  https://doi.org/10.3758/s13423-012-0345-4CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Hadigan C, Jeste S, Anderson EJ, Tsay R, Cyr H, Grinspoon S (2001) Modifiable dietary habits and their relation to metabolic abnormalities in men and women with human immunodeficiency virus infection and fat redistribution. Clin Infect Dis 33(5):710–717.  https://doi.org/10.1086/322680CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Hand GA, Lyerly GW, Jaggers JR, Dudgeon WD (2009) Impact of aerobic and resistance exercise on the health of HIV-infected persons. Am J Lifestyle Med 3(6):489–499.  https://doi.org/10.1177/1559827609342198CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Healy GN, Dunstan DW, Salmon J, Cerin E, Shaw JE, Zimmet PZ et al (2008) Breaks in sedentary time: beneficial associations with metabolic risk. Diabetes Care 31(4):661–666Google Scholar
  50. Heaton RK, Clifford DB, Franklin DR Jr, Woods SP, Ake C, Vaida F et al (2010) HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders persist in the era of potent antiretroviral therapy: CHARTER Study. Neurology 75(23):2087–2096.  https://doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0b013e318200d727CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Henry BL, Moore DJ (2016) Preliminary findings describing participant experience with iSTEP, an mHealth intervention to increase physical activity and improve neurocognitive function in people living with HIV. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care 27(4):495–511.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jana.2016.01.001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Herbert V, Kyle SD, Pratt D (2018) Does cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia improve cognitive performance? A systematic review and narrative synthesis. Sleep Med Rev 39:37–51.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.smrv.2017.07.001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Hinkin CH, Castellon SA, Durvasula RS, Hardy DJ, Lam MN, Mason KI et al (2002) Medication adherence among HIV+ adults: effects of cognitive dysfunction and regimen complexity. Neurology 59(12):1944–1950Google Scholar
  54. Hong S, Banks WA (2015) Role of the immune system in HIV-associated neuroinflammation and neurocognitive implications. Brain Behav Immun 45:1–12.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbi.2014.10.008CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Horvath T, Azman H, Kennedy GE, Rutherford GW (2012) Mobile phone text messaging for promoting adherence to antiretroviral therapy in patients with HIV infection. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 3:Cd009756.  https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.Cd009756CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Jong E, Oudhoff LA, Epskamp C, Wagener MN, van Duijn M, Fischer S et al (2010) Predictors and treatment strategies of HIV-related fatigue in the combined antiretroviral therapy era. AIDS 24(10):1387–1405.  https://doi.org/10.1097/QAD.0b013e328339d004CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Kapetanovic S, Leister E, Nichols S, Miller T, Tassiopoulos K, Hazra R et al (2010) Relationships between markers of vascular dysfunction and neurodevelopmental outcomes in perinatally HIV-infected youth. AIDS 24(10):1481–1491.  https://doi.org/10.1097/QAD.0b013e32833a241bCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Kapetanovic S, Griner R, Zeldow B, Nichols S, Leister E, Gelbard HA et al (2014) Biomarkers and neurodevelopment in perinatally HIV-infected or exposed youth: a structural equation model analysis. AIDS 28(3):355–364.  https://doi.org/10.1097/QAD.0000000000000072CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Kaufman MR, Cornish F, Zimmerman RS, Johnson BT (2014) Health behavior change models for HIV prevention and AIDS care: practical recommendations for a multi-level approach. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 66(Suppl 3):S250–S258.  https://doi.org/10.1097/QAI.0000000000000236CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Kemoun G, Thibaud M, Roumagne N, Carette P, Albinet C, Toussaint L et al (2010) Effects of a physical training programme on cognitive function and walking efficiency in elderly persons with dementia. Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord 29(2):109–114.  https://doi.org/10.1159/000272435CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Kimhy D, Vakhrusheva J, Bartels MN, Armstrong HF, Ballon JS, Khan S et al (2015) The impact of aerobic exercise on brain-derived neurotrophic factor and neurocognition in individuals with schizophrenia: a single-blind, randomized clinical trial. Schizophr Bull 41(4):859–868.  https://doi.org/10.1093/schbul/sbv022CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Kirtane AR, Langer R, Traverso G (2016) Past, present, and future drug delivery systems for antiretrovirals. J Pharm Sci 105(12):3471–3482.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.xphs.2016.09.015CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Knight A, Bryan J, Murphy K (2017) The Mediterranean diet and age-related cognitive functioning: a systematic review of study findings and neuropsychological assessment methodology. Nutr Neurosci 20(8):449–468.  https://doi.org/10.1080/1028415X.2016.1183341CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Kok G, Schaalma H, Ruiter RA, van Empelen P, Brug J (2004) Intervention mapping: protocol for applying health psychology theory to prevention programmes. J Health Psychol 9(1):85–98.  https://doi.org/10.1177/1359105304038379CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Kruzich LA, Marquis GS, Wilson CM, Stephensen CB (2004) HIV-infected US youth are at high risk of obesity and poor diet quality: a challenge for improving short- and long-term health outcomes. J Am Diet Assoc 104(10):1554–1560.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jada.2004.07.031CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Lee KA, Gay C, Portillo CJ, Coggins T, Davis H, Pullinger CR et al (2009) Symptom experience in HIV-infected adults: a function of demographic and clinical characteristics. J Pain Symptom Manag 38(6):882–893.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2009.05.013CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Leyes P, Martinez E, Forga Mde T (2008) Use of diet, nutritional supplements and exercise in HIV-infected patients receiving combination antiretroviral therapies: a systematic review. Antivir Ther 13(2):149–159Google Scholar
  68. Lim J, Dinges DF (2010) A meta-analysis of the impact of short-term sleep deprivation on cognitive variables. Psychol Bull 136(3):375–389.  https://doi.org/10.1037/a0018883CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Lim SS, Vos T, Flaxman AD, Danaei G, Shibuya K, Adair-Rohani H et al (2012) A comparative risk assessment of burden of disease and injury attributable to 67 risk factors and risk factor clusters in 21 regions, 1990–2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. Lancet 380(9859):2224–2260.  https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(12)61766-8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Loughrey DG, Lavecchia S, Brennan S, Lawlor BA, Kelly ME (2017) The impact of the Mediterranean diet on the cognitive functioning of healthy older adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Adv Nutr 8(4):571–586.  https://doi.org/10.3945/an.117.015495CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Manson JE, Hu FB, Rich-Edwards JW, Colditz GA, Stampfer MJ, Willett WC et al (1999) A prospective study of walking as compared with vigorous exercise in the prevention of coronary heart disease in women. N Engl J Med 341(9):650–658Google Scholar
  72. Marcotte TD, Wolfson T, Rosenthal TJ, Heaton RK, Gonzalez R, Ellis RJ et al (2004) A multimodal assessment of driving performance in HIV infection. Neurology 63(8):1417–1422Google Scholar
  73. Martin EM, Pitrak DL, Novak RM, Pursell KJ, Mullane KM (1999) Reaction times are faster in HIV-seropositive patients on antiretroviral therapy: a preliminary report. J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 21(5):730–735.  https://doi.org/10.1076/jcen.21.5.730.867CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Martinez-Lapiscina EH, Clavero P, Toledo E, Estruch R, Salas-Salvado J, San Julian B et al (2013) Mediterranean diet improves cognition: the PREDIMED-NAVARRA randomised trial. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 84(12):1318–1325.  https://doi.org/10.1136/jnnp-2012-304792CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. McCutchan JA, Marquie-Beck JA, Fitzsimons CA, Letendre SL, Ellis RJ, Heaton RK et al (2012) Role of obesity, metabolic variables, and diabetes in HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder. Neurology 78(7):485–492.  https://doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0b013e3182478d64CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. McDermott A, Zaporojan L, McNamara P, Doherty CP, Redmond J, Forde C et al (2017) The effects of a 16-week aerobic exercise programme on cognitive function in people living with HIV. AIDS Care 29(6):667–674.  https://doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2016.1263723CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Michie S, van Stralen MM, West R (2011) The behaviour change wheel: a new method for characterising and designing behaviour change interventions. Implement Sci 6:42.  https://doi.org/10.1186/1748-5908-6-42CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Michie S, Richardson M, Johnston M, Abraham C, Francis J, Hardeman W et al (2013) The behavior change technique taxonomy (v1) of 93 hierarchically clustered techniques: building an international consensus for the reporting of behavior change interventions. Ann Behav Med 46(1):81–95.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12160-013-9486-6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Miller KD, Jones E, Yanovski JA, Shankar R, Feuerstein I, Falloon J (1998) Visceral abdominal-fat accumulation associated with use of indinavir. Lancet 351(9106):871–875.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(97)11518-5CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Miller TL, Jacobson DL, Somarriba G, Neri D, Kurtz-Vraney J, Graham P et al (2017) A multicenter study of diet quality on birth weight and gestational age in infants of HIV-infected women. Matern Child Nutr 13(4):e12378.  https://doi.org/10.1111/mcn.12378CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Millikin CP, Rourke SB, Halman MH, Power C (2003) Fatigue in HIV/AIDS is associated with depression and subjective neurocognitive complaints but not neuropsychological functioning. J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 25(2):201–215.  https://doi.org/10.1076/jcen.25.2.201.13644CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Mitjavila MT, Fandos M, Salas-Salvado J, Covas MI, Borrego S, Estruch R et al (2013) The Mediterranean diet improves the systemic lipid and DNA oxidative damage in metabolic syndrome individuals. A randomized, controlled, trial. Clin Nutr 32(2):172–178.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2012.08.002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Miyata S, Noda A, Ozaki N, Hara Y, Minoshima M, Iwamoto K et al (2010) Insufficient sleep impairs driving performance and cognitive function. Neurosci Lett 469(2):229–233.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neulet.2009.12.001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Mohd Salleh NA, Richardson L, Kerr T, Shoveller J, Montaner J, Kamarulzaman A et al (2018) A longitudinal analysis of daily pill burden and likelihood of optimal adherence to antiretroviral therapy among people living with HIV who use drugs. J Addict Med 12(4):308–314.  https://doi.org/10.1097/ADM.0000000000000403CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Monroe AK, Zhang L, Jacobson LP, Plankey MW, Brown TT, Miller EN et al (2017) The association between physical activity and cognition in men with and without HIV infection. HIV Med 18(8):555–563.  https://doi.org/10.1111/hiv.12490CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Montoya JL, Wing D, Knight A, Moore DJ, Henry BL (2015) Development of an mHealth intervention (iSTEP) to promote physical activity among people living with HIV. J Int Assoc Provid AIDS Care 14(6):471–475.  https://doi.org/10.1177/2325957415601505CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. Moore DJ, Poquette A, Casaletto KB, Gouaux B, Montoya JL, Posada C et al (2015) Individualized texting for adherence building (iTAB): improving antiretroviral dose timing among HIV-infected persons with co-occurring bipolar disorder. AIDS Behav 19(3):459–471.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-014-0971-0CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. Munk PS, Breland UM, Aukrust P, Ueland T, Kvaloy JT, Larsen AI (2011) High intensity interval training reduces systemic inflammation in post-PCI patients. Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 18(6):850–857.  https://doi.org/10.1177/1741826710397600CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Mura G, Vellante M, Nardi AE, Machado S, Carta MG (2015) Effects of school-based physical activity interventions on cognition and academic achievement: a systematic review. CNS Neurol Disord Drug Targets 14(9):1194–1208Google Scholar
  90. Nurk E, Refsum H, Drevon CA, Tell GS, Nygaard HA, Engedal K et al (2009) Intake of flavonoid-rich wine, tea, and chocolate by elderly men and women is associated with better cognitive test performance. J Nutr 139(1):120–127.  https://doi.org/10.3945/jn.108.095182CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. O’Brien K, Nixon S, Tynan AM, Glazier R (2010) Aerobic exercise interventions for adults living with HIV/AIDS. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 8:CD001796.  https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD001796.pub3CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. Olatunji BO, Mimiaga MJ, O’Cleirigh C, Safren SA (2006) Review of treatment studies of depression in HIV. Top HIV Med 14(3):112–124Google Scholar
  93. Ortega M, Baker LM, Vaida F, Paul R, Basco B, Ances BM (2015) Physical activity affects brain integrity in HIV+ individuals. J Int Neuropsychol Soc 21(10):880–889.  https://doi.org/10.1017/S1355617715000879CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. Osterberg L, Blaschke T (2005) Adherence to medication. N Engl J Med 353(5):487–497.  https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMra050100CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. Parsons TD, Braaten AJ, Hall CD, Robertson KR (2006) Better quality of life with neuropsychological improvement on HAART. Health Qual Life Outcomes 4:11.  https://doi.org/10.1186/1477-7525-4-11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Poulose SM, Miller MG, Shukitt-Hale B (2014) Role of walnuts in maintaining brain health with age. J Nutr 144(4 Suppl):561S–566S.  https://doi.org/10.3945/jn.113.184838CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. Qaseem A, Kansagara D, Forciea MA, Cooke M, Denberg TD (2016) Management of chronic insomnia disorder in adults: a clinical practice guideline from the American College of Physicians. Ann Intern Med 165(2):125–133.  https://doi.org/10.7326/M15-2175CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. Quigley A, O’Brien K, Parker R, MacKay-Lyons M (2018) Exercise and cognitive function in people living with HIV: a scoping review. Disabil Rehabil:1–12.  https://doi.org/10.1080/09638288.2018.1432079
  99. Ramos JS, Dalleck LC, Tjonna AE, Beetham KS, Coombes JS (2015) The impact of high-intensity interval training versus moderate-intensity continuous training on vascular function: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Sports Med 45(5):679–692.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-015-0321-zCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. Rehm KE, Konkle-Parker D (2016) Physical activity levels and perceived benefits and barriers to physical activity in HIV-infected women living in the deep south of the United States. AIDS Care 28(9):1205–1210.  https://doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2016.1164802CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. Ren J, Zhao M, Liu B, Wu Q, Hao Y, Jiao M et al (2018) Factors associated with sleep quality in HIV. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care 29(6):924–931.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jana.2018.04.006CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. Rollnick S, Miller WR, Butler CC (2008) Motivational interviewing in health care. Guilford Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  103. Rosenberg DE, Kerr J, Sallis JF, Norman GJ, Calfas K, Patrick K (2012) Promoting walking among older adults living in retirement communities. J Aging Phys Act 20(3):379–394.  https://doi.org/10.1123/japa.20.3.379CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. Rubinstein ML, Selwyn PA (1998) High prevalence of insomnia in an outpatient population with HIV infection. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol 19(3):260–265Google Scholar
  105. Safren SA, O’Cleirigh C, Tan JY, Raminani SR, Reilly LC, Otto MW et al (2009) A randomized controlled trial of cognitive behavioral therapy for adherence and depression (CBT-AD) in HIV-infected individuals. Health Psychol 28(1):1–10.  https://doi.org/10.1037/a0012715CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. Salmoirago-Blotcher E, Rich C, Rosen RK, Dunsiger S, Rana A, Carey MP (2017) Phone-delivered mindfulness training to promote medication adherence and reduce sexual risk behavior among persons living with HIV: design and methods. Contemp Clin Trials 53:162–170.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cct.2016.12.016CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. Sattler FR, He J, Letendre S, Wilson C, Sanders C, Heaton R et al (2015) Abdominal obesity contributes to neurocognitive impairment in HIV-infected patients with increased inflammation and immune activation. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 68(3):281–288.  https://doi.org/10.1097/QAI.0000000000000458CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. Saylor D, Dickens AM, Sacktor N, Haughey N, Slusher B, Pletnikov M et al (2016) HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder – pathogenesis and prospects for treatment. Nat Rev Neurol 12(5):309.  https://doi.org/10.1038/nrneurol.2016.53CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. Schaefer EJ, Bongard V, Beiser AS, Lamon-Fava S, Robins SJ, Au R et al (2006) Plasma phosphatidylcholine docosahexaenoic acid content and risk of dementia and Alzheimer disease: the Framingham Heart Study. Arch Neurol 63(11):1545–1550.  https://doi.org/10.1001/archneur.63.11.1545CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. Schroder H, Salas-Salvado J, Martinez-Gonzalez MA, Fito M, Corella D, Estruch R et al (2014) Baseline adherence to the Mediterranean diet and major cardiovascular events: Prevencion con Dieta Mediterranea trial. JAMA Intern Med 174(10):1690–1692.  https://doi.org/10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.3463CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. Schuelter-Trevisol F, Wolff FH, Alencastro PR, Grigoletti S, Ikeda ML, Brandao AB et al (2012) Physical activity: do patients infected with HIV practice? How much? A systematic review. Curr HIV Res 10(6):487–497Google Scholar
  112. Shah M, Tierney K, Adams-Huet B, Boonyavarakul A, Jacob K, Quittner C et al (2005) The role of diet, exercise and smoking in dyslipidaemia in HIV-infected patients with lipodystrophy. HIV Med 6(4):291–298.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-1293.2005.00309.xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. Simoni JM, Pantalone DW, Plummer MD, Huang B (2007) A randomized controlled trial of a peer support intervention targeting antiretroviral medication adherence and depressive symptomatology in HIV-positive men and women. Health Psychol 26(4):488–495.  https://doi.org/10.1037/0278-6133.26.4.488CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. Simonik A, Vader K, Ellis D, Kesbian D, Leung P, Jachyra P et al (2016) Are you ready? Exploring readiness to engage in exercise among people living with HIV and multimorbidity in Toronto, Canada: a qualitative study. BMJ Open 6(3):e010029.  https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2015-010029CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. Smith PJ, Blumenthal JA, Hoffman BM, Cooper H, Strauman TA, Welsh-Bohmer K et al (2010) Aerobic exercise and neurocognitive performance: a meta-analytic review of randomized controlled trials. Psychosom Med 72(3):239–252.  https://doi.org/10.1097/PSY.0b013e3181d14633CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. Song D, Yu DSF, Li PWC, Lei Y (2018) The effectiveness of physical exercise on cognitive and psychological outcomes in individuals with mild cognitive impairment: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Int J Nurs Stud 79:155–164.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2018.01.002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. Stimpson NJ, Davison G, Javadi AH (2018) Joggin’ the noggin: towards a physiological understanding of exercise-induced cognitive benefits. Neurosci Biobehav Rev 88:177–186.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2018.03.018CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. Stradling C, Chen YF, Russell T, Connock M, Thomas GN, Taheri S (2012) The effects of dietary intervention on HIV dyslipidaemia: a systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS One 7(6):e38121.  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0038121CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  119. Suarez S, Baril L, Stankoff B, Khellaf M, Dubois B, Lubetzki C et al (2001) Outcome of patients with HIV-1-related cognitive impairment on highly active antiretroviral therapy. AIDS 15(2):195–200Google Scholar
  120. Sugiura H, Sugiura H, Kajima K, Mirbod SM, Iwata H, Matsuoka T (2002) Effects of long-term moderate exercise and increase in number of daily steps on serum lipids in women: randomised controlled trial [ISRCTN21921919]. BMC Womens Health 2(1):3Google Scholar
  121. Taibi DM, Price C, Voss J (2013) A pilot study of sleep quality and rest-activity patterns in persons living with HIV. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care 24(5):411–421.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jana.2012.08.001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. Tavazzi E, Morrison D, Sullivan P, Morgello S, Fischer T (2014) Brain inflammation is a common feature of HIV-infected patients without HIV encephalitis or productive brain infection. Curr HIV Res 12(2):97–110Google Scholar
  123. Thames AD, Kim MS, Becker BW, Foley JM, Hines LJ, Singer EJ et al (2011) Medication and finance management among HIV-infected adults: the impact of age and cognition. J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 33(2):200–209.  https://doi.org/10.1080/13803395.2010.499357CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. Tjonna AE, Stolen TO, Bye A, Volden M, Slordahl SA, Odegard R et al (2009) Aerobic interval training reduces cardiovascular risk factors more than a multitreatment approach in overweight adolescents. Clin Sci (Lond) 116(4):317–326.  https://doi.org/10.1042/CS20080249CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. Tsiodras S, Poulia KA, Yannakoulia M, Chimienti SN, Wadhwa S, Karchmer AW et al (2009) Adherence to Mediterranean diet is favorably associated with metabolic parameters in HIV-positive patients with the highly active antiretroviral therapy-induced metabolic syndrome and lipodystrophy. Metabolism 58(6):854–859.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.metabol.2009.02.012CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  126. Tull MT, Berghoff CR, Bardeen JR, Schoenleber M, Konkle-Parker DJ (2018) An initial open trial of a brief behavioral activation treatment for depression and medication adherence in HIV-infected patients. Behav Modif 42(2):196–209.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0145445517723901CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  127. Valcour VG, Shikuma CM, Shiramizu BT, Williams AE, Watters MR, Poff PW et al (2005) Diabetes, insulin resistance, and dementia among HIV-1-infected patients. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 38(1):31–36Google Scholar
  128. Vancampfort D, Mugisha J, De Hert M, Probst M, Firth J, Gorczynski P et al (2018a) Global physical activity levels among people living with HIV: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Disabil Rehabil 40(4):388–397.  https://doi.org/10.1080/09638288.2016.1260645CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  129. Vancampfort D, Stubbs B, Mugisha J, Firth J, Schuch FB, Koyanagi A (2018b) Correlates of sedentary behavior in 2,375 people with depression from 6 low- and middle-income countries. J Affect Disord 234:97–104.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2018.02.088CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  130. Vance DE, Wadley VG, Crowe MG, Raper JL, Ball KK (2011) Cognitive and everyday functioning in older and younger adults with and without HIV. Clin Gerontol 34(5):413–426.  https://doi.org/10.1080/07317115.2011.588545CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  131. Vanderbeken I, Kerckhofs E (2017) A systematic review of the effect of physical exercise on cognition in stroke and traumatic brain injury patients. NeuroRehabilitation 40(1):33–48.  https://doi.org/10.3233/NRE-161388CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  132. Visser ME, Durao S, Sinclair D, Irlam JH, Siegfried N (2017) Micronutrient supplementation in adults with HIV infection. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 5:CD003650.  https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD003650.pub4CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  133. Webel AR, Moore SM, Hanson JE, Patel SR, Schmotzer B, Salata RA (2013) Improving sleep hygiene behavior in adults living with HIV/AIDS: a randomized control pilot study of the SystemCHANGE(TM)-HIV intervention. Appl Nurs Res 26(2):85–91.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apnr.2012.10.002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  134. Webel AR, Barkley J, Longenecker CT, Mittelsteadt A, Gripshover B, Salata RA (2015) A cross-sectional description of age and gender differences in exercise patterns in adults living with HIV. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care 26(2):176–186.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jana.2014.06.004CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  135. Webel AR, Perazzo JD, Dawson-Rose C, Smith C, Nicholas PK, Rivero-Mendez M et al (2017) A multinational qualitative investigation of the perspectives and drivers of exercise and dietary behaviors in people living with HIV. Appl Nurs Res 37:13–18.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apnr.2017.07.002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  136. Wight D, Wimbush E, Jepson R, Doi L (2016) Six steps in quality intervention development (6SQuID). J Epidemiol Community Health 70(5):520–525.  https://doi.org/10.1136/jech-2015-205952CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  137. Wirth MD, Jaggers JR, Dudgeon WD, Hebert JR, Youngstedt SD, Blair SN et al (2015) Association of markers of inflammation with sleep and physical activity among people living with HIV or AIDS. AIDS Behav 19(6):1098–1107.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-014-0949-yCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  138. Witteman HO, Presseau J, Nicholas Angl E, Jokhio I, Schwalm JD, Grimshaw JM et al (2017) Negotiating tensions between theory and design in the development of mailings for people recovering from acute coronary syndrome. JMIR Hum Factors 4(1):e6.  https://doi.org/10.2196/humanfactors.6502CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  139. Womack JA, Murphy TE, Bathulapalli H, Akgun KM, Gibert C, Kunisaki KM et al (2017) Trajectories of sleep disturbance severity in HIV-infected and uninfected veterans. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care 28(3):431–437.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jana.2017.02.006CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  140. Woods SP, Dawson MS, Weber E, Gibson S, Grant I, Atkinson JH et al (2009a) Timing is everything: antiretroviral nonadherence is associated with impairment in time-based prospective memory. J Int Neuropsychol Soc 15(1):42–52.  https://doi.org/10.1017/S1355617708090012CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  141. Woods SP, Moore DJ, Weber E, Grant I (2009b) Cognitive neuropsychology of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders. Neuropsychol Rev 19(2):152–168.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11065-009-9102-5CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  142. Wu J, Wu H, Lu C, Guo L, Li P (2015) Self-reported sleep disturbances in HIV-infected people: a meta-analysis of prevalence and moderators. Sleep Med 16(8):901–907.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sleep.2015.03.027CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  143. Xu L, Jiang CQ, Lam TH, Liu B, Jin YL, Zhu T et al (2011) Short or long sleep duration is associated with memory impairment in older Chinese: the Guangzhou Biobank Cohort Study. Sleep 34(5):575–580Google Scholar
  144. Yaffe K, Falvey CM, Hoang T (2014) Connections between sleep and cognition in older adults. Lancet Neurol 13(10):1017–1028.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S1474-4422(14)70172-3CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  145. Zazpe I, Sanchez-Tainta A, Estruch R, Lamuela-Raventos RM, Schroder H, Salas-Salvado J et al (2008) A large randomized individual and group intervention conducted by registered dietitians increased adherence to Mediterranean-type diets: the PREDIMED study. J Am Diet Assoc 108(7):1134–1144. Discussion 1145.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jada.2008.04.011CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  146. Ziegler TR, McComsey GA, Frediani JK, Millson EC, Tangpricha V, Eckard AR (2014) Habitual nutrient intake in HIV-infected youth and associations with HIV-related factors. AIDS Res Hum Retrovir 30(9):888–895.  https://doi.org/10.1089/AID.2013.0282CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jessica L. Montoya
    • 1
  • Brook Henry
    • 1
  • David J. Moore
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of California San DiegoLa JollaUSA
  2. 2.HIV Neurobehavioral Research ProgramSan DiegoUSA

Personalised recommendations