pp 1-21 | Cite as

Modelling Biogeochemical and Physicochemical Regime Changes During the Drying Period of Lake Urmia

  • E. V. YakushevEmail author
  • O. A. Nøst
  • J. Bruggeman
  • P. Ghaffari
  • E. Protsenko
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series


The goal of this work was to develop and configure a model to simulate Lake Urmia’s biogeochemical and physicochemical regime changes. A specially designed vertical box model was constructed to describe the lake’s processes of evaporation, salt formation, and transport of matter inside the water column and the sediments. The modified biogeochemical Bottom RedOx Model (BROM) was used to simulate biogeochemical/chemical transformation of matter. The constructed model was implemented to describe the seasonal and interannual changes in the chemical composition of the lake water and sediment in the period 1992–2013 and to analyze the potential consequences of the additional water conveyance to the lake.


Hydrochemistry Hypersaline lake Lake Urmia Modelling Sediment chemistry 



Bottom RedOx model


Framework for aquatic biogeochemical models


Finite-volume coastal ocean model


Organic matter



Iran Water & Power Resources Development Co. (IWPCO) is highly acknowledged for providing the support and fund for this work. This research was partly funded by the Norwegian Research Council project no. 272749 (“Aquatic Modeling Tools,” SkatteFUNN). Evgeniy Yakushev was supported by the Ministry of Science and Education of Russia (theme No. 0149-2019-0003). We would like to thank Dr. Vitaliy Savenko for his valuable scientific discussion during the early stages of this work. We are also thankful to Dr. H. Lahijani for providing and arranging data and information on Lake Urmia and Anfisa Berezina for helping with the result visualization.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. V. Yakushev
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • O. A. Nøst
    • 3
  • J. Bruggeman
    • 4
  • P. Ghaffari
    • 3
  • E. Protsenko
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Norwegian Institute for Water ResearchOsloNorway
  2. 2.Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Akvaplan-NIVATromsøNorway
  4. 4.Plymouth Marine LaboratoryPlymouthUK

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