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Suspended Particulate Matter as a Main Source and Proxy of the Sedimentation Processes

  • Marina D. KravchishinaEmail author
  • Alexander P. Lisitsyn
  • Alexey A. Klyuvitkin
  • Alexander N. Novigatsky
  • Nadezhda V. Politova
  • Vladimir P. Shevchenko
Chapter
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 82)

Abstract

The material for our study was collected in the White Sea during 22 interdisciplinary expeditions organized by the Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, Russian Academy of Sciences (IO RAS), in 2000–2014. The researches were carried out mostly in June–August; however we have some samples for autumn–winter and early spring seasons. Here, we report the concentration of suspended particulate matter (SPM), its composition and properties, as well as their changes due to natural zoning and local conditions. This paper discusses the features in the distribution of SPM concentration, grain-size, mineral, and major phase composition. As far as possible, we involved our own and other published data on hydrology, bottom morphology, and particulate and dissolved river runoff from the catchment area, abundance and composition of marine phyto- and bacterioplankton. This new knowledge has been used to describe particles dispersion system of the White Sea, which forms a giant reservoir of micro- and nanoparticles, using terms adopted in sedimentology and oceanography.

Keywords

Arctic Chlorophyll “a” Grain-size Major phase composition Recent sedimentation Suspended particulate matter 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We would like to record our gratitude to many individuals who have provided inspiration, advice, and practical help, including Liudmila Demina, Alla Lein, Vyacheslav Lukashin, Inna Nemirovskaya, Alexander Filippov, Alexander Savvichev, Vladimir Burenkov, Oleg Kopelevich, Vladimir Artemiev, Vyacheslav Gordeev, Olga Dara, Nikolay Filatov, Vladimir Korobov, Alexey Tolstikov, Vadim Paka, Anna Chul’tsova, Elena Zolotyh, and Ludmila Gaivoronskaya. Our work would not have been possible without the professionalism and skills of the research vessel crews (Professor Shtokman, Akademik Mstislav Keldysh, Ekolog, Ivan Petrov), on which we continue to rely.

The processing of the SPM samples was funded by the Russian Science Foundation, project No. 14-27-00114-P. The researches were conducted in the frame of the state assignment Federal Agency for Scientific Organizations (FASO Russia), theme No. 0149-2018-0016.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marina D. Kravchishina
    • 1
    Email author
  • Alexander P. Lisitsyn
    • 1
  • Alexey A. Klyuvitkin
    • 1
  • Alexander N. Novigatsky
    • 1
  • Nadezhda V. Politova
    • 1
  • Vladimir P. Shevchenko
    • 1
  1. 1.Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, Russian Academy of Sciences (IO RAS)MoscowRussia

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