Dispersed Sedimentary Matter of the Atmosphere

  • Vladimir P. ShevchenkoEmail author
  • Alexander P. Lisitsyn
  • Anna A. Vinogradova
  • Dina P. Starodymova
  • Vladimir B. Korobov
  • Alexander N. Novigatsky
  • Natalia M. Kokryatskaya
  • Oleg S. Pokrovsky
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 81)


In this chapter we summarize results of aerosol studies over the White Sea and its coasts; we also analyze contribution of different anthropogenic constituents from European industrial cities and areas into studied aerosol composition. We estimated the degree of anthropogenic influence of these sources on the atmosphere and the terrestrial environment in this region. Data on airborne heavy metal accumulation in natural archives (snow cover, lichens, lake sediments) are generalized. The most significant source regions for some anthropogenic components depositing on the White Sea surface from atmosphere are revealed. Annual average (for 2000s) fluxes of anthropogenic Cu, Ni, Pb, Fe, Al, and black carbon incoming to the White Sea waters from various regions are evaluated. Studied element concentrations in the White Sea aerosols are generally on the level typical for other Arctic regions. In the Kandalaksha Bay, we traced the air mass arrival from metallurgical facilities of Murmansk Region. Elevated concentrations of heavy metals and black carbon were found in vicinity of industrial urban agglomeration of Arkhangelsk. For the first time, we assess contribution of Kostomuksha field (Karelia Republic) surface mining into Fe and Al fluxes (these elements are of both lithogenic and anthropogenic origin) on the White Sea surface which are comparable to contribution of the other source regions.


Aeolian input Aerosols Chemical composition Heavy metals Insoluble particles Lake sediments Lichens Long-range transport Snow White Sea 



The authors would like to thank R. A. Aliev, S. K. Belorukov, V. V. Gordeev, N. V. Goryunova, N. A. Demidenko, L. L. Demina, N. S. Zamber, V. S. Kozlov, E. I. Kotova, Open image in new window , V. I. Makarov, V. V. Pol’kin, S. A. Popova, D. A. Subetto, A. S. Filippov, A. V. Chupakov, and A. Ye. Yakovlev for assistance in researches; and Air Resources Laboratory (ARL) NOAA for providing the access to HYSPLIT model for calculation of air mass trajectories. Results of research were summarized within the framework of state assignment of FASO Russia (theme No. 0149-2018-0016). Analytical processing of samples in 2017–2018 was performed with financial support of RSF (project No. 14-27-00114-P).


  1. 1.
    Shevchenko VP, Lisitzin AP, Vinogradova AA, Smirnov VV, Serova VV, Stein R (2000) Arctic aerosols. Results of ten-year investigations. Atmos Ocean Opt 13(6–7):510–533Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Lisitzin AP (2002) Sea-ice and iceberg sedimentation in the ocean: recent and past. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 563 ppCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Vinogradova AA, Maksimenkov LO, Pogarskii FA (2008) Atmospheric transport of anthropogenic heavy metals from the Kola Peninsula to the surfaces of the White and Barents seas. Izvestiya Atmos Ocean Phys 44(6):753–762CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Shevchenko VP (2010) Aerosols over the Russian Arctic seas. In: Nikiforov SL (ed) Seabed morphology of Arctic Russian shelf. Nova Science, New York, pp 87–92Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Shevchenko VP, Kutsenogiy KP, Makarov VI, Panchenko MV, Pol’kin VV, Popova SA, Novigatsky AN (2012) Aerosols. In: Lisitzin AP, Nemirovskata IA (eds) The White Sea system. V. II. Water column and interacting with it atmosphere, cryosphere, the river runoff and the biosphere. Scientific World, Moscow, pp 50–69 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Baklanov AA, Penenko VV, Mahura AG, Vinogradova AA, Elansky NF, Tsvetova EA, Rigina OY, Maksimenkov LO, Nuterman RB, Pogarskii FA, Zakey A (2013) Aspects of atmospheric pollution in Siberia. In: Groisman PY, Gutman G (eds) Regional environmental changes in Siberia and their global consequences. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 303–346CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hansen J, Nazarenko L (2004) Soot climate forcing via snow and ice albedos. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:423–428CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Quinn PK, Stohl A, Arneth A, Berntsen T, Burkhart JF, Christensen J, Flanner M, Kupiainen K, Lihavainen H, Shepherd M, Shevchenko V, Skov H, Vestreng V (2011) The impact of black carbon on Arctic climate. Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP), Oslo, 72 ppGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Doherty SJ, Warren SG, Grenfell TG, Clarke AD, Brandt RE (2010) Light-absorbing impurities in Arctic snow. Atmos Chem Phys 10:11647–11680CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Bond TC, Doherty SJ, Fahey DW, Forster PM, Berntsen T, DeAngelo BJ, Flanner MG, Ghan S, Karcher B, Koch D, Kinne S, Kondo Y, Quinn PK, Sarofim MC, Schultz MG, Schulz M, Venkataraman C, Zhang H, Zhang S, Bellouin N, Guttikunda SK, Hopke PK, Jacobson MZ, Kaiser JW, Klimont Z, Lohmann U, Schwarz JP, Shindell D, Storelvmo T, Warren SG, Zender CS (2013) Bounding the role of black carbon in the climate system: a scientific assessment. J Geophys Res Atmos 118:5380–5552CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Cachier H, Buat-Menard P, Fontugne M, Chesselet R (1986) Long-range transport of continentally-derived particulate carbon in the marine atmosphere: evidence from stable carbon isotope studies. Tellus 38B:161–177CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Vasilenko VN, Nazarov IN, Fridman ShD (1985) Monitoring of the snow cover pollution. Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 181 pp (in Russian)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Boyarkina AP, Baikovsky VV, Vasiliev NV, Glukhov GG, Medvedev MA, Pisareva LF, Rezchikov VI, Shelud’ko SI (1993) Aerosols in natural archives of Siberia. Tomsk State University Publishers, Tomsk, 157 pp (in Russian)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Lisitzin AP (1996) Oceanic sedimentation: lithology and geochemistry. American Geophysical Union, Washington, 400 ppGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Lisitzin AP (2010) Marine ice-rafting as a new type of sedimentogenesis in the Arctic and novel approaches to studying sedimentary processes. Russ Geol Geophys 51(1):12–47CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Lippo H, Poikolainen J, Kubin E (1995) The use of moss, lichen and pine bark in the nationwide monitoring of atmospheric heavy metal deposition in Finland. Water Air Soil Pollut 85:2241–2246CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Bargagli R (1998) Trace elements in terrestrial plants. An ecophysiological approach to biomonitoring and biorecovery. Springer, Berlin, 324 ppGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Garty J (2001) Biomonitoring atmospheric heavy metals with lichens: theory and applications. Crit Rev Plant Sci 20(4):309–371CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Moiseenko TI, Kudryavtseva LP, Rodyushkin IV, Dauvalter VA, Lukin AA, Kashulin NA (1995) Airborne contamination by heavy metals and aluminium in the freshwater ecosystems of the Kola Subarctic region (Russia). Sci Total Environ 160/161:715–727CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Smol JP (2002) Pollution of lakes and rivers. A paleoenvironmental perspective. Arnold, London, 280 ppGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Dauvalter VA (2006) Chalcophile elements (Hg, Cd, Pb, and As) in bottom sediments of water bodies of the White Sea catchment area on the Kola Peninsula. Geochem Int 44(2):205–208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Dauvalter VA, Dauvalter MV, Kashulin NA, Sandimirov SS (2010) Chemical composition of bottom sedimentary deposits in lakes in the zone impacted by atmospheric emissions from the Severonickel plant. Geochem Int 48(11):1148–1153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Dauvalter VA, Dauvalter MV, Kashulin NA, Sandimirov SS (2010) The influence of mining and smelting enterprise emissions on chemical composition of lacustrine bed deposits (the Monchegorsk site). Geoekologia 2:129–139 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Subetto DA, Shevchenko VP, Ludikova AV, Kuznetsov DD, Sapelko TV, Lisitsyn AP, Evzerov VY, van Beek P, Souhaut M, Subetto GD (2012) Chronology of isolation of the Solovetskii archipelago lakes and current rates of lake sedimentation. Doklady Earth Sci 446(1):1042–1048CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Kashulin NA, Dauvalter VA, Kashulina TG, Sandimirov SS, Ratkin NE, Kudryavtseva LP, Koroleva IM, Vandysh OI, Mokrotovarova OI (2005) Anthropogenic changes of lothic ecosystems in the Murmansk region. 1. Kovdor area. Kola Science Centre, RAS, Apatity, 234 pp (in Russian)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Shevchenko VP, Lisitzin AP, Kuptsov VM, Van Malderen H, Martin JM, Van Grieken R, Huang WW (1999) Composition of aerosols in the surface boundary layer of the atmosphere over the seas of the Western Russian Arctic. Oceanology 39(1):128–136Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Shevchenko V (2003) The influence of aerosols on the oceanic sedimentation and environmental conditions in the Arctic. Berichte zur Polar- und Meeresforschung 464, 149 ppGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Pol’kin VV, Golobokova LP, Kozlov VS, Korobov VB, Lisitsyn AP, Panchenko MV, Peskova MA, Khodzher TV, Shevchenko VP (2004) Estimation of correlation between microphysical properties and chemical composition of aerosol over the White Sea. Atmos Oceanic Opt 17(5–6):330–338Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Pol’kin VV, Golobokova LP, Pogodaeva TV, Kozlov VS, Korobov VB, Lisitzin AP, Panchenko MV, Peskova MA, Khodzer TV, Shevchenko VP (2006) Composition of the near-water aerosol over the White Sea in the second half of August 2003 and 2004. In: Laverov NP (ed) Fundamental studies of oceans and seas. Book 2. Nauka, Moscow, pp 413–439 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Pol’kin VV, Panchenko MV, Grishchenko IV, Korobov VB, Lisitsyn AP, Shevchenko VP (2008) Study of the disperse composition of the near-water aerosol over the White Sea in the end of summer, 2007. Atmos Oceanic Opt 21(10):725–729Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Pol’kin VV, Panchenko MV, Golobokova LP, Filippova UG, Khodzer TV, Lisitzin AP, Shevchenko VP (2011) Aerosols in the marine boundary layer over the White and Kara seas in August–September 2007. In: Alexeev GV (ed) Meteorological and geophysical researches. Paulsen, Moscow and St. Petersburg, pp 199–214 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Kozlov VS, Tikhomirov AB, Panchenko MV, Shmargunov VP, Pol'kin VV, Sakerin SM, Lisitsyn AP, Shevchenko VP (2009) Optical and microphysical parameters of aerosol in the near-water atmosphere of the White Sea as assessed from the data of simultaneous shipborne and coast-based measurements in August 2006. Optika Atmos Okean 22(8):767–776 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Shevchenko VP, Starodymova DP, Vinogradova AA, Lisitzin AP, Makarov VI, Popova SA, Sivonen VV, Sivonen VP (2015) Elemental and organic carbon in atmospheric aerosols over the northwestern coast of Kandalaksha Bay of the White Sea. Dokl Earth Sci 461(1):242–246CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Makarov VI, Popova SA, Shevchenko VP (2016) Long-term trends in black (elemental) carbon concentrations in the ambient air of West Siberia and the White Sea region. Chem Sustain Dev 24:459–465Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Starodymova DP, Shevchenko VP, Sivonen VP, Sivonen VV (2016) Material and elemental composition of surface aerosols on the north-western coast of the Kandalaksha Bay of the White Sea. Atmos Oceanic Opt 29(6):507–511CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Starodymova DP, Vinogradova AA, Shevchenko VP, Zakharova EV, Sivonen VV, Sivonen VP (2018) Elemental composition of near-ground aerosol near the northwestern coast of Kandalaksha Bay of the White Sea. Atmos Oceanic Opt 31(2):181–186CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Delany AC, Delany AC, Parkin DW, Griffin JJ, Goldberg ED, Reimann BEF (1967) Airborne dust collected at Barbados. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 31(5):885–909CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Lukashin VN, Shevchenko VP, Lisitsyn AP, Serova VV, Ivanov GV (1996) The distribution, matter and chemical composition of aerosols over the Western Pacific. Oceanology 36(2):288–298Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Gorchakov GI, Emilenko AS, Sviridenkov MA (1981) One-parameter model of surface aerosol. Izv Acad Nauk SSSR Fiz Atmos Okean 17(1):39–49 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Hansen ADA, Rosen H, Novakov T (1984) The aethalometer – an instrument for the real-time measurement of optical absorption by aerosol particles. Sci Total Environ 36(1):191–196CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Popova SA, Makarov VI, Bashenkhaeva NV, Khodzher TV (2007) Comparison of results of measurements carbon content of atmospheric aerosols by methods of reaction gas chromatography and dry burning. Chem Sustain Dev 15:97–103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Kutsenogii KP, Koval’skaya GA, Smirnova AI, Bufetov NS, Baryshev VB (1997) X-ray fluorescence method for multielemental analysis of aerosol composition using synchrotron radiation. Atmos Oceanic Opt 10(7):512–517Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Vinogradova AA (2000) Anthropogenic pollutants in the Russian Arctic atmosphere: sources and sinks in spring and summer. Atmos Environ 34(29–30):5151–5160CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Vinogradova AA, Ponomareva TY (2012) Atmospheric transport of anthropogenic impurities to the Russian Arctic (1986–2010). Atmos Oceanic Opt 25(6):414–422CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Vinogradova AA (2015) Distant evaluation of the influence of air pollution on remote areas. Izvestiya Atmos Ocean Phys 51(7):712–722CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Hirdman D, Sodemann H, Eckhardt S, Burkhart JF, Jefferson A, Mefford T, Quinn PK, Sharma S, Strom J, Stohl A (2010) Source identification of short-lived air pollutants in the Arctic using statistical analysis of measurement data and particle dispersion model output. Atmos Chem Phys 10(2):669–693CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Draxler RR, Rolph GD (2003) HYSPLIT (HYbrid Single-Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory) model access via NOAA ARL READY.
  48. 48.
    Pacyna JM, Bartonova A, Cornille P, Maenhaut W (1989) Modeling of long-range transport of trace elements. A case study. Atmos Environ 23(1):107–114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Shevchenko VP, Aliev RA, Bobrov VA, Gordeev VV, Goryunova NV, Demina LL, Zamber NS, Korobov VB, Kotova EI, Kuznetson OL, Makarov VI, Novigatsky AN, Pokrovsky OS, Popova SA, Romanenko FA, Starodymova DP, Subetto DA, Filippov AS (2012) Aeolian material in the natural archives. In: Lisitzin AP, Nemirovskata IA (eds) The White Sea system. V. II. Water column and interacting with it atmosphere, cryosphere, the river runoff and the biosphere. Scientific World, Moscow, pp 70–107 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Kosobokova KN, Pantiulin AN, Rachor E, Rat’kova TN, Shevchenko VP, Agatova AI, Lapina NM, Belov AA (2004) Multidisciplinary oceanographic studies in the White Sea in April 2003. Oceanology 44(2):290–297Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    Shevchenko VP, Belorukov SK, Boev AG, Bulokhov AV, Karpova EI, Korobov VB, Savvichev AS, Yakovlev AE (2016) Insoluble particles in the Arkhangelsk oblast snow cover at the end of winter period. Sci Almanac 12-2:405–414 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    Starodymova DP, Shevchenko VP, Boev AG (2016) Material and elemental composition of insoluble particles in snow of north-western Kandalaksha Bay coast of the White Sea. Adv Curr Nat Sci 12:449–453 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    Starodymova DP, Shevchenko VP, Belorukov SK, Bulokhov AV, Korobov VB, Yakovlev AE (2018) Geochemistry of dispersed sedimentary matter of snow in Primorskui District of Arkhangelsk region. Adv Curr Nat Sci 2:140–145 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    Evangeliou N, Shevchenko VP, Yttri KE, Eckhardt S, Sollum E, Pokrovsky OS, Kobelev VO, Korobov VB, Lobanov AA, Starodymova DP, Vorobiev SN, Thompson R, Stohl A (2018) Origin of elemental carbon in snow from western Siberia and northwestern European Russia during winter–spring 2014, 2015 and 2016. Atmos Chem Phys 18:963–977CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Shevchenko VP, Pokrovsky OS, Starodymova DP, Vasyukova EV, Lisitzin AP, Drovnina SI, Zamber NS, Makhnovich NM, Savvichev AS, Sonke J (2013) Geochemistry of terricolous lichens in the White Sea catchment area. Doklady Earth Sci 450(1):514–520CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Kopeikin VM, Repina IA, Grechko EI, Ogorodnikov BI (2010) Measurements of the soot aerosol content in the near-water layer in southern and northern hemispheres. Optika Atmos Okean 23(6):444–450 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    Fukasawa T, Ohta S, Murao N, Yamagata S, Makarov VN (1997) Aerosol observations in the Siberian Arctic. Proc NIPR Symp Polar Meteorol Glaciol 11:150–160Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    Makarov VN, Ohta S (2004) Organic and inorganic carbon in atmospheric aerosols over Yakutia. Atmos Oceanic Opt 17(9):690–693Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    Chester R (1990) Marine geochemistry. Unwin Hyman, London, 698 ppGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    Burckle LH, Gayley RI, Ram M, Petit JR (1988) Diatoms in Antarctic ice cores: some implications for the glacial history of Antarctica. Geology 16:326–329CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    Rose NL (1995) Carbonaceous particle record in lake sediments from the Arctic and other remote areas of the northern hemisphere. Sci Total Environ 160/161:487–496CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    Renberg I, Wik M (1985) Carbonaceous particles in lake sediments – pollutants from fossil fuel combustion. Ambio 14:161–163Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    Sheridan PJ, Musselman IH (1985) Characterization of aircraft-collected particles present in the Arctic aerosol; Alaskan Arctic, spring 1983. Atmos Environ 19:2159–2166CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    Dara OM, Novigatsky AN, Filippov AS, Shevchenko VP (2009) Clay minerals in aerosols, suspended particulate matter and bottom sediments of the Kandalaksha Bay (White Sea). In: Abstracts of international conference “clays, clay minerals and layered materials – CMLM2009”, Zvenigorod, Moscow Region, 21–25 Sept 2009, pp 178–179Google Scholar
  65. 65.
    Nemirovskaya IA (2005) Hydrocarbons in the White Sea: routes and forms of migration and genesis. Geochem Int 43(5):493–504Google Scholar
  66. 66.
    Rudnick RL, Gao S (2003) Composition of the continental crust. In: Holland HD, Turekian KK (eds) Treatise on geochemistry, vol 3. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 1–63Google Scholar
  67. 67.
    Shevchenko VP, Vinogradova AA, Ivanov GI, Lisitsyn AP, Serova VV (1997) The distribution and composition of aerosols in the Western Arctic. Doklady Earth Sci 355A(6):912–915Google Scholar
  68. 68.
    Golubeva NI, Matishov GG, Burtseva LV (2002) Heavy metal pollution of the atmosphere in open areas of the Barents and White seas. Doklady Earth Sci 387(9):1071–1074Google Scholar
  69. 69.
    Koutzenogii KP, Shevchenko VP, Lisitzin AP, Popova SA, Chankina OV, Makarov VI, Smolyakov BS, Shinkorenko MP (2004) The chemical composition of atmospheric aerosols at the Kartesh biostation (the White Sea). In: Seventh workshop on land ocean interaction in the Russian Arctic, LOIRA project, Moscow, 15–18 Nov 2004, Abstracts, pp 65–66Google Scholar
  70. 70.
    Koutzenogii KP, Shevchenko VP, Lisitzin AP, Popova SA, Chankina OV, Makarov VI, Smolyakov BS, Shinkorenko MP, Bizin MA (2005) The chemical composition of the atmospheric aerosols in the White Sea region. In: Abstracts of XVI intern conference marine geology (Moscow), GEOS, Moscow, vol 1, pp 75–76Google Scholar
  71. 71.
    Maenhaut W, Ducastel G, Leck C, Nilsson ED, Heintzenberg J (1996) Multielemental composition and sources of the high Arctic atmospheric aerosol during summer and autumn. Tellus 48B:300–321CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. 72.
    Vinogradova AA (1996) Elemental composition of atmospheric aerosol in Eastern Arctic regions. Izvestiya Atmos Ocean Phys 32(4):440–447Google Scholar
  73. 73.
    Vasil’ev LY, Vodovozova TE (2010) Climate. In: Lisitzin AP, Nemirovskata IA, Shevchenko VP (eds) The White Sea system. V. I. Natural environment of the catchment area of the White Sea. Scientific World, Moscow, pp 50–69 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  74. 74.
    Shevchenko VP, Korobov VB, Lisitzin AP, Aleshinskaya AS, Bogdanova OY, Goryunova NV, Grishchenko IV, Dara OM, Zavernina NN, Kurteeva EI, Novichkova EA, Pokrovsky OS, Sapozhnikov FV (2010) First data on the composition of atmospheric dust responsible for yellow snow in northern European Russia in march 2008. Doklady Earth Sci 431(2):497–501CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    Annual emission of pollutants in atmospheric air of cities and regions of the Russian Federation in 2007 (2008) St. Petersburg (in Russian)Google Scholar
  76. 76.
    Ilyin I, Rozovskaya O, Travnikov O, Aas W (2007) Heavy metals: transboundary pollution of the environment. EMEP Status Report 2/2007, 85 ppGoogle Scholar
  77. 77.
    Vinogradova AA, Ivanova YA (2013) Pollution of central Karelia environment under long-range atmospheric transport of anthropogenic pollutants. Izvestiya Geogr 5:100–110 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  78. 78.
    Duce RA, Liss PS, Merrill JT, Atlas EL, Buat-Menard P, Hicks BB, Miller JM, Prospero JM, Arimoto R, Church T, Ellis W, Galloway JN, Hansen L, Jickells TD, Knap AH, Reinhardt KH, Schneider B, Soudine A, Tokos JJ, Tsunogai S, Wollast R, Zhou M (1991) Atmospheric input of trace species to the World Ocean. Glob Biochem Cycles 5(3):193–259CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. 79.
    Clarke AT, Noone KJ (1985) Soot in the arctic snowpack: a cause for perturbations in radiative transfer. Atmos Environ 19:2045–2053CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. 80.
    Shevchenko VP, Lisitzin AP, Stein R, Goryunova NV, Klyuvitkin AA, Kravchishina MD, Kriews M, Novigatsky AN, Sokolov VT, Filippov AS, Haas C (2007) The distribution and composition of insoluble particles in the arctic snow. Probl Arctic Antarctic 75:106–118 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  81. 81.
    Viklander M (1999) Substances in urban snow. A comparison of the contamination of snow in different parts of the city of Luleå, Sweden. Water Air Soil Pollut 114:377–394CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. 82.
    Yudakhin FN, Lobanova OA, Tarkhanov SN (2001) Aerotechnogenic pollution of the environment of the Arkhangelsk agglomeration and adjacent territories. Geoekologiya 4:369–375 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  83. 83.
    Tarkhanov SN, Prozherina NA, Konovalova VN (2004) Forest ecosystems of the Severnaya Dvina Basin in terms of air pollution. State diagnosis. UrO RAN, Yekaterinburg, 333 pp (in Russian)Google Scholar
  84. 84.
    Evseev AV, Krasovskaya TM (1996) Ecological and geographical features of the environment in extreme north regions of Russia. Smolensk University Publishing House, Smolensk, 232 pp (in Russian)Google Scholar
  85. 85.
    Kotlyakov VM (ed) (1997) Atlas of snow and ice resources of the world. Institute of Geography, Moscow, 392 ppGoogle Scholar
  86. 86.
    Mosher BW, Duce RA (1987) A global atmospheric selenium budget. J Geophys Res 92(D11):13289–13298CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. 87.
    Jr Ellis WG, Arimoto R, Savoie DL, Merrilll JT, Duce RA, Prospero JM (1993) Aerosol selenium at Bermuda and Barbados. J Geophys Res 98(D7):12673–12685CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. 88.
    Moiseenko TI, Dauval’ter VA, Il’yashuk BP, Kagan LY, Il’yashuk EA (2000) Paleoecological reconstruction of anthropogenic load. Doklady Earth Sci 370(1):115–118Google Scholar
  89. 89.
    Johansson K, Andersson A, Andersson T (1995) Regional accumulation pattern in lake sediments and forest soils in Sweden. Sci Total Environ 160/161:373–380CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vladimir P. Shevchenko
    • 1
    Email author
  • Alexander P. Lisitsyn
    • 1
  • Anna A. Vinogradova
    • 2
  • Dina P. Starodymova
    • 1
  • Vladimir B. Korobov
    • 1
  • Alexander N. Novigatsky
    • 1
  • Natalia M. Kokryatskaya
    • 3
  • Oleg S. Pokrovsky
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Shirshov Institute of OceanologyRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Obukhov Institute of Atmospheric PhysicsRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  3. 3.N. Laverov Federal Center for Integrated Arctic ResearchRussian Academy of SciencesArkhangelskRussia
  4. 4.Geosciences Environment Toulouse (GET), CNRSPaul Sabatier UniversityToulouseFrance
  5. 5.BIO-GEO-CLIM LaboratoryTomsk State UniversityTomskRussia

Personalised recommendations