Update, Conclusions, and Recommendations for the “Unconventional Water Resources and Agriculture in Egypt”

  • Abdelazim M. NegmEmail author
  • El-Sayed E. Omran
  • Sommer Abdel-Fattah
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 75)


This chapter encapsulates the essential sustainability challenges (in terms of conclusions and recommendations) of the existing main agri-food system and presents insights derived from the cases in the volume. In addition, some (update) findings from a few recently published research work related to the sustainability covered themes. This chapter focuses on unconventional water resources and sustainability of agricultural environment in Egypt that were documented in this volume. To this end, we identify six main contribution areas, which includes toward integration of irrigation and drainage water, assessment of drainage systems, optimization of agricultural waste and reuse, drainage water quality assessment and improvement technologies, toward a sustainable reuse of water resources in Egypt, and securing water resources in Egypt. Therefore, conclusions will be built on researcher visions gained concerning study findings and limitations. In addition, this chapter encompasses evidence on a set of recommendations to direct future research toward sustainability of the agriculture, which is a main strategic theme of the Egyptian government. The set of recommendations is presented for specialists involved in following additional research to exceed the scope and findings of this volume.


Cloud computing Desalination Drainage water Green technology Internet of Things Subsurface drainage Wastewater treatment Water quality 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abdelazim M. Negm
    • 1
    Email author
  • El-Sayed E. Omran
    • 2
  • Sommer Abdel-Fattah
    • 3
  1. 1.Water and Water Structures Engineering Department, Faculty of EngineeringZagazig UniversityZagazigEgypt
  2. 2.Soil and Water Department, Faculty of AgricultureSuez Canal UniversityIsmailiaEgypt
  3. 3.McMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada

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