The Geochemical Features of the River Discharge to the White Sea

  • Viacheslav V. GordeevEmail author
  • Oleg S. Pokrovsky
  • Vladimir P. Shevchenko
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 81)


In the present chapter, the results of detailed investigations of the river discharge into the White Sea are considered. The White Sea is an inland sea of Russian western Arctic territory that appears as the sub-Arctic sea. This sea may serve as a good example for case studies of the Arctic seas. Significant river discharge to this relatively small sea plays very important role in all the processes in it. It’s evident that the detailed knowledge is needed both on the volumes of water and suspended matter fluxes, and also about the chemical composition of water and grain-size, mineralogical, and chemical composition of suspended particulate matter (SPM), that are formed on the extensive area of the basin.

During 2000–2010 year, we carried out about 40 different expeditions, for the first time in the lower reaches of the biggest river in the White Sea basin, in the Severnaya Dvina River, and in the whole sea in the frameworks of the program “The White Sea System.” Results of these expeditions allowed to obtain absolutely new materials for investigations of biogeochemical processes in the rivers and in the sea.

These unique data, in particular about the concentrations of organic carbon and many major and trace elements in river and estuarine waters and SPM and the forms of their existence including the colloidal one, are presented here.


Inter-annual and seasonal variations of element concentrations Major and trace elements Nutrients Organic carbon River discharge Suspended sediments Trace element forms of existence White Sea 



The work was carried out in the framework of the state assignment of FASO Russia (theme No. 0149-2018-0016) analytical data were processed within framework of the RSF grant (project No. 14-27-00114-p).


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Viacheslav V. Gordeev
    • 1
    Email author
  • Oleg S. Pokrovsky
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • Vladimir P. Shevchenko
    • 1
  1. 1.Shirshov Institute of OceanologyRussian Academy of Sciences (IO RAS)MoscowRussia
  2. 2.Geosciences and Environment Toulouse (GET), CNRSUniversity Paul SabatierToulouseFrance
  3. 3.BIO-GEO-CLIM LaboratoryTomsk State UniversityTomskRussia
  4. 4.N. Laverov Federal Center for Integrated Arctic ResearchRussian Academy of SciencesArkhangelskRussia

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