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Organic Compounds in the Snow-Ice Cover of the White Sea

  • Inna A. NemirovskayaEmail author
Chapter
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 81)

Abstract

It was shown that a composition of the oil product has a significant influence on the formation of the oil film and its distribution in ice conditions. The area of the spill of diesel fuel and crude oil is different at different times after the emergency release; an average wind penetration of the spill under the ice would not be significant; and the spreading rate of the spill occurs two to three times slower than in warm seas. The data on the content of hydrocarbons (HCs) are presented and compared to the contents of organic carbon, lipids, and particulate matter in the snow-ice cover of the coastal areas of Rugozerskaya Bay at the periphery of Kandalaksha Bay, the Severnaya Dvina River mouth in the aquatic area of Arkhangelsk (Lakes near Arkhangelsk, Dvina Bay), and Onega River mouth. The accumulation of HCs in the snow depends on the degree of atmosphere contamination, the conditions of the ice formation, and the intensity of the biogeochemical processes at the ice-water interface.

Keywords

Crude oil Diesel fuel Hydrocarbons Ice Mathematical modeling Snow 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was performed in the framework of the state assignment of FASO Russia (theme no 0149-2018-0016) and analytical data were proceeded within the RSF grant (project no 14-27-00114-p).

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Shirshov Institute of OceanologyRussian Academy of Sciences (“IO RAS”)MoscowRussia

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