Trace Elements in Total Plankton of the White Sea

  • Liudmila L. DeminaEmail author
  • Galina A. Leonova
  • Vladislav A. Bobrov
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 81)


The main regularities of distribution of a large group of trace elements (Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu, Ni, Cr, Co, Cd, Pb, As, Hg, P, S, Ti, V, Ge, Sr, Mg, Y, Zr, Br, Rb) have been studied in zooplankton organisms and seston of the White Sea. Concentrations of trace elements were determined by atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS in flame and graphite furnace versions), X-ray fluorescence analysis with simultaneous accelerator VEPP-3 (XRF-SI), and instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA). It was shown that despite the unfavorable climatic and environmental factors (low temperatures, long ice regime, low insolation, tidal phenomena, etc.), trace elements (Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu, Ni, Cr, Co, Cd, Pb, As, Hg) were characterized by rather strong bioaccumulation during the processes of biological production. Biological concentration factor (BCF) varied from 103 (Hg) to 105 (Cu), which was similar to BCF of phosphorus – one of the main nutrients. The spatial distribution of groups of trace elements has similar nature with the distribution of primary production and biomass of zooplankton, which in turn is related to the hydrological regime of the White Sea and is also controlled by the influence of river runoff. High concentrations of trace elements (except for As) were found in the Dvina and Onega Bays, while the lowest ones – in the central part of the Seal. Plankton which inhabits the Severnaya Dvina and Onega Rivers’ estuaries influenced by these river inflows was enriched in trace elements relative to the plankton of the ocean. Comparison of trace elements content in the White Sea and the mean value for the ocean plankton has revealed the depletion of most metals in the latter.


Bioaccumulation Heavy metals Plankton communities Trace elements White Sea 



This research was performed in the framework of the state assignment of FASO Russia (theme no. 0149-2018-0030), and analytical data were processed within framework of the RSF grant (project no. 14-27-00114-p).


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Liudmila L. Demina
    • 1
    Email author
  • Galina A. Leonova
    • 2
  • Vladislav A. Bobrov
    • 2
  1. 1.Shirshov Institute of OceanologyRussian Academy of Sciences (IO RAS)MoscowRussia
  2. 2.Sobolev Institute of Geology and MineralogySiberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences (IGM SB RAS)NovosibirskRussia

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