Review of Technologies and Practices for Improving Agricultural Drainage Water Quality in Egypt

  • Mohamed ElshemyEmail author
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 75)


Water quality plays an important role in water resources management plans, particularly for arid and semiarid regions, where water scarcity has become a real issue. Agricultural drainage water can be reused separately/or in conjunction with fresh water. However, the water quality status of drainage water is concern in reuse implementation strategies. Moreover, the water quality degradation of natural water body that receives the drainage water can be effected. Thus, implementation of water quality treatment practices and technologies is essential. In this chapter, available drainage water treatment practices and technologies, such as controlled drainage, wetlands, bioreactors, and two-stage open ditch, will be discussed in detail. The pilot studies of implementing drainage water treatment systems in Egypt were reviewed and will be described in this chapter. It is recommended to experiment with some low-cost applicable technologies, such as in-stream control structures and treatment systems, and to implement constructed wetland treatment systems on major Egyptian drains.


Agricultural drainage water Best management practices Bioreactors Controlled drainage Drainage water management Low-cost treatment technology Treatment practices Two-stage ditch section Wetlands 



The first draft of this chapter was presented at the Permanent Scientific Committee for Water Resources (51-B) (2016–2019), as a review report (unpublished) for the promotion of the author to the associate professor degree. The author sincerely thanks the respectable members of the Permanent Scientific Committee for Water Resources (51-B) (2016–2019) and the respectable reviewers for their review and support.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Irrigation and Hydraulics Department, Faculty of EngineeringTanta UniversityTantaEgypt

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