Advertisement

Groundwater Potential in the New Valley South West of the Nile Delta in Egypt

  • Abeer M. M. SolimanEmail author
  • Mostafa M. Solimsn
Chapter
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 73)

Abstract

Egypt is continuously facing a decrease in water share per capita due to a decline in available water resources.

The objective of the present study is to evaluate and manage the groundwater resources of the Nubian Sandstone Aquifer System (NSAS) in the New Valley area. It is located in the middle part of Egypt’s Western Desert. It lies between latitudes of 24°–28° N and longitudes of 27°–31.5° E. It covers an area of 440 km long by 460 km wide where the total area is about (202,400 km2). A detailed review of the Nubian Sandstone Aquifer in the western desert is also introduced.

A finite difference model using “Visual MODFLOW” was applied on the Nubian Sandstone Aquifer of Dakhla Basin. It was adapted to simulate groundwater flow in such aquifer. The simulation was calibrated with available groundwater head data from CEDARE Report (2002). An optimum solution is established for the safe groundwater mining in the study area.

The scenario applications could allow for an increase in reclamation at Dakhla Oasis by 15%, with the condition of safe drawdown values less than 60 m for the period of 100 years.

The study provides the benefits of applying the modeling techniques. Numerous valuable inputs for the national development plan in Egypt are presented. The study found that it is important to seek an alternative water resource to compensate for the groundwater depletion.

Keywords

CEDARE GIS Groundwater Modeling MODFLOW Nubian RIGW Sandstone Aquifer 

References

  1. 1.
    RIGW (1998) Hydrogeological map of Egypt, 1:2,000,000 with explanatory note. Academy of Scientific Research and Technology, CairoGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    RIGW (1998) Hydrogeological map of Luxor, 1:5,00,000 with explanatory note. Academy of Scientific Research and Technology, CairoGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    RIGW, Research Institute for Groundwater (1988) Major regional aquifer in North East Africa. Int. report, GizaGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    RIGW (1993) The Hydrogeological Map of Egypt. Scale 1:2,000,000. Research Institute for Ground Water, CairoGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    RIGW (2001) Southern Egypt development project. Research Institute for Ground Water, unpublished internal reportGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    CEDARE (2002) Regional Strategy for the Utilization of the Nubian Sandstone Aquifer System. Draft final report, Centre for Environment and Development for the Arab Region and Europe, Heliopolis Bahry, Cairo. https://www.iaea.org/sites/default/files/sap180913.pdf
  7. 7.
    Bakhbakhi M (2006) Nubian Sandstone Aquifer System. IHP-VI, series on groundwater, 10:75–81. UNESCO, ParisGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Brinkman PJ, Heinl M, Hollander R, Reich G (1989) Retrospective simulation of groundwater, flow and transport in the Nubian Aquifer System. Berliner Geowiss, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    LaMoreaux PE, LaMoreaux JW, Soliman MM, Memon BA, Assaad FA (2008) Environmental hydrogeology, 2nd edn. CRC Press, New York. ISBN 9781420054859 - CAT# 54856Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Sefelnasr AM (2007) Development of groundwater flow model for water resources management in the development areas of the western desert, Egypt. MSc in hydrogeology, submitted to the Faculty of Natural Sciences III of the Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg. https://sundoc.bibliothek.uni-halle.de/diss-online/07/07H178/t5.pdf
  11. 11.
    RIGW (1999) Updating of hydrogeological map of Frafra Oasis, 1:5,00,000 with explanatory note. Academy of Scientific Research and Technology, CairoGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Soliman AMM (2016) Groundwater resources management in terms of quantity and quality in western desert of Egypt in the Nubian sandstone aquifer system. PhD thesis, Faculty of Engineering, Cairo University, CairoGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    RIGW (1999) A plan for the development and management of deep groundwater in the Oases. Internal strategy report, Research Institute for Ground Water, CairoGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Gad M, Soliman MM (2015) A GIS spatial interpolation method for determining the drawdown field in the vicinity of multiple wells. Int Water Technol J 5(4):284–293Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    CEDARE (2001) Regional Strategy for the Utilization of the Nubian Sandstone Aquifer System. Volume II. Centre for the Environment and Development for the Arab Region and Europe, Hydrogeology, CairoGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Institute for Groundwater (RIGW), National Water Research Center, MWRIEl Qanater El KhayreyaEgypt
  2. 2.Irrigation and Hydraulics Department, Faculty of EngineeringAin Shams UniversityCairoEgypt

Personalised recommendations