Assessment of Heavy Metal Pollution of Water Resources in Eastern Slovakia

  • E. SingovszkáEmail author
  • M. Bálintová
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 69)


Sediment quality monitoring is amongst the highest priorities of environmental protection policy. Their main objective is to control and minimise the incidence of pollutant-oriented problems and to provide for water of appropriate quality to serve various purposes such as drinking water supply, irrigation water, etc.

The quality of sediments is identified in terms of their physical, chemical and biological parameters. The particular problem regarding sediment quality monitoring is the complexity associated with analysing a large number of measured variables. This research was realised in order to determine and analyse selected heavy metals present in sediment samples from six river basins on East of Slovakia, represented by the rivers Hornád, Laborec, Torysa, Ondava, Topla and Poprad. Sampling points were selected based on the current surface water quality monitoring network. The investigation was focused on heavy metals (Zn, Cu, Pb, Cd, Ni, Hg, As, Fe, Mn). The content of heavy metals reflected the scale of industrial and mining activities in a particular locality. The degree of sediment contamination in the rivers has been evaluated using an enrichment factor, pollution load index, geo-accumulation index and potential environmental risk index.


Heavy metals Pollution indices Sediments Statistic methods 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Civil EngineeringInstitute of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of KošiceKošiceSlovakia

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