Flood Hazard in a Mountainous Region of Slovakia

  • Ľ. SolínEmail author
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 70)


Slovakia is a mountainous country, and the occurrence of floods in headwater areas is thus an important phenomenon. The chapter concerns the identification of regional types of flood hazards in a mountainous region resulting from the physical geographic characteristics of the upper basins. The regional type is the unit of regional taxonomy, which is not contiguous in geographical space and is referred to as the flood hazard potential or disposition of the basins to floods. A brief overview of flood events in Slovakia is provided. Then, the rest of the chapter presents the assessment of the flood hazard itself. The evaluation process consists of four steps. The first step of the regional taxonomic process is creation of a basic set of upper basins and a database of their physico-geographic attributes. The second step is identification of the physical geographic attributes that significantly influence the basic features of the drainage process and the spatial variability of the flood hazard. The delineation of flood hazard classes based on a combination of physical basin attributes and classification of upper basins into flood hazard classes is the third one. Testing the significance of differences between the assigned flood hazard classes in terms of the frequency of flood situations is the last fourth step.


Flood hazard Flood situation Regional type Slovakia Upper basins 



This chapter was written under Project No. 2/0038/15 Flood Risk Assessment and Integrated Management on the Regional Level funded by the VEGA Grant Agency of the Ministry of Education of the Slovak Republic.


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© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Geography, Slovak Academy of SciencesBratislavaSlovakia

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