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Analysis of EU Legislated Compounds for Assessing Chemical Status: Main Challenges and Inconsistencies

  • Josep CaixachEmail author
  • Arancha Bartolomé
Chapter
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 42)

Abstract

The list of priority substances from the EU Water Framework Directive (WFD) (2000/60/EC) was recently revised (Directive 2013/39/EU). A total of 12 new priority substances were added, and some EQS values were also modified. For different reasons (toxicity, uses, and environmental fate), the proposed EQS values are extremely low, and it is the need to reach excessively low quantification limits. This chapter considers challenges and limitations of analytical methodologies and, according to literature and the state of the art of our laboratory, explains the difficulties for routine laboratories to achieve some EQS values.

Keywords

Analytical methodologies Chemical status EQS LOQs Priority substances WFD 

Abbreviations

AA

Annual average

DEHP

Di(2-ethylhexyl)-phthalate

EQS

Environmental quality standard

GC-Q

Gas chromatography-quadrupole

HPLC

High performance liquid chromatography

HRGC

High-resolution gas chromatography

HRMS

High-resolution mass spectrometry

IDMS

Isotope dilution mass spectrometry

JRC

Joint Research Center

LOQ

Limit of quantification

MAC

Maximum allowable concentration

MS/MS

Tandem mass spectrometry

NP

Nonylphenol

OP

Octylphenol

PAH

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

PBDE

Polybrominated diphenyl ethers

PS

Priority substances

QA

Quality assurance

QC

Quality control

SCCPs

Short-chain chlorinated paraffins

US EPA

United States Environmental Protection Agency

WFD

Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC)

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Mass Spectrometry, Organic PollutantsInstitute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research (IDAEA-CSIC)BarcelonaSpain

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