Graphene-Based Electrochemical Sensors

  • Edward P. RandviirEmail author
  • Craig E. BanksEmail author
Part of the Springer Series on Chemical Sensors and Biosensors book series (SSSENSORS, volume 17)


Since graphene was isolated and characterised in 2004 and 2005, its applications have been researched intensively for a broad range of applications, none more so than the field of electrochemical sensors, which aim to exploit the unique charge carrier mobility associated with graphene structures. This chapter explores graphene and its incorporation into electrochemical sensors. The chapter discusses graphene structure and the electrochemical responses arising from such structures on a macro-scale and examines production methods of graphene and how these affect the observed currents in electrochemical reactions as a result of such methods. The chapter subsequently explores sensors designed from a range of different graphenes, including surfactant-exfoliated graphene, surfactant-free graphene, chemical vapour deposition graphene, and reduced graphene oxide. The chapter finds that reduced graphene oxide is the most commonly employed route for graphene-based electrochemical sensors, owing to the scale of production being large, and its relatively cheap and straightforward production.


Electrochemical sensors Fabrication Graphene Nanocomposites Reduced graphene oxide 


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Manchester Metropolitan UniversityManchesterUK

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