The genetic transformation of plastids

  • Hans-Ulrich KoopEmail author
  • Stefan Herz
  • Timothy J. Golds
  • Jörg Nickelsen
Part of the Topics in Current Genetics book series (TCG, volume 19)


Biolistic delivery of DNA initiated plastid transformation research and still is the most widelyused approach to generate transplastomic lines in both algae and higher plants. The principal designof transformation vectors is similar in both phylogenetic groups. Although important additions tothe list of species transformed in their plastomes have been made in algae and in higher plants, thekey organisms in the area are still the two species, in which stable plastid transformation was initiallysuccessful, i.e., Chlamydomonas reinhardtii and tobacco. Basicresearch into organelle biology has substantially benefited from the homologous recombination-basedcapability to precisely insert at predetermined loci, delete, disrupt, or exchange plastid genomesequences. Successful expression of recombinant proteins, including pharmaceutical proteins, hasbeen demonstrated in Chlamydomonas as well as in higher plants,where some interesting agronomic traits were also engineered through plastid transformation.


Plastid Genome Plastid Gene Plastid Transformation Transplastomic Plant Tobacco Chloroplast 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hans-Ulrich Koop
    • 1
    Email author
  • Stefan Herz
    • 2
  • Timothy J. Golds
    • 2
  • Jörg Nickelsen
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Biology, Department I, BotanyLudwig-Maximilians-Universität MünchenMünchenGermany
  2. 2.Research Centre FreisingIcon Genetics AGFreisingGermany

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