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Synthetic Bioinorganic Chemistry: Scorpionates Turn 50

  • Daniel Rabinovich
Chapter
Part of the Structure and Bonding book series (STRUCTURE, volume 172)

Abstract

The coordination chemistry of scorpionates, anionic tripodal boron-centered ligands that readily bind to virtually all main group, transition, and f-block metals, has had a profound effect in the development of synthetic bioinorganic chemistry during the past 50 years. Highlighted in this article are some of the most meaningful results published in the area, primarily in the preparation of structural and functional model compounds for the active sites in metalloproteins and metalloenzymes, a theme that encompasses topics as diverse as nitrogen fixation and heavy metal poisoning. It has also been 50 years since the genesis of Structure and Bonding, so let this account also be a celebration of the many contributions that the staunch serial has had on the entire field of inorganic chemistry during the past half century.

Keywords

Bioinorganic chemistry Carbonic anhydrase Copper Gold Iron Manganese Mercury Molybdenum Nickel Scorpionates Silver Synthesis Thiolate complexes Tris(carbene)borates Tris(mercaptoimidazolyl)borates Tris(phosphino)borates Tris(pyrazolyl)borate Tris(thioether)borates Tris(triazolyl)borates Tungsten Vanadium Zinc 

Abbreviations

Ad

Adamantyl

ALAD

5-Aminolevulinate dehydratase

Bp

Bis(pyrazolyl)borate

But

Tert-butyl

CA

Carbonic anhydrase

Cp2Co

Bis(cyclopentadienyl)cobalt (cobaltocene)

Cys

Cysteine

DMSO

Dimethyl sulfoxide

Et

Ethyl

His

Histidine

HSAB

Hard and soft acids and bases

Im

Imidazol-2-ylidene

IR

Infrared

LADH

Liver alcohol dehydrogenase

Me

Methyl

Mes

Mesityl (2,4,6-trimethylphenyl)

MRI

Magnetic resonance imaging

NHC

N-Heterocyclic carbene

NHSe

N-Heterocyclic selone

NHT

N-Heterocyclic thione

Ph

Phenyl

Pri

Isopropyl

THF

Tetrahydrofuran

TmR

Tris(mercaptoimidazolyl)borate

ToR

Tris(oxoimidazolyl)borate

TpRR′

Tris(pyrazolyl)borate

TseR

Tris(selenoimidazolyl)borate

TtR

Tris(thioether)borate

TtzRR′

Tris(triazolyl)borate

Notes

Acknowledgments

Insightful discussions with Professors Joshua Telser (Roosevelt University), Brian Hoffman (Northwestern University), and Bill Jensen (University of Cincinnati) regarding the first public use of the term “bioinorganic” are sincerely appreciated. The National Science Foundation (Award No. CHE-0911407) and The University of North Carolina at Charlotte are gratefully acknowledged for support of our research in synthetic bioinorganic chemistry since 1996.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryThe University of North Carolina at CharlotteCharlotteUSA

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