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Luminescence-Based Sensors for Aeronautical Applications

  • Bruno PedrasEmail author
  • Guillermo Orellana
  • Mário Nuno Berberan-Santos
Chapter
Part of the Springer Series on Fluorescence book series (SS FLUOR, volume 18)

Abstract

Aeronautical industry deals with extremely complex and sensitive issues, the most critical of which being arguably aircraft safety during flight. For a variety of reasons and through different pathways, the integrity of an airplane might be compromised in such a way that passengers and crew might be at risk. In the case of military aircraft, this risk is largely aggravated in war zones.

Different aspects are addressed when designing an aircraft, and, in each of those areas, maintenance will eventually be required. Therefore, to keep an effective and affordable maintenance, real-time information for each of the different components of the aircraft must be provided. Sensors designed specifically for each parameter of interest are to be included in the primary design of the airplane. Optochemical sensing plays an important role in a vast number of fields, in most cases overcoming the limitations of other types of sensors. Luminescence-based sensors constitute a specific type of optochemical sensors, displaying a bunch of characteristics that render them unrivalled in terms of performance, sensitivity, reversibility, ease of miniaturization, and low cost. This chapter addresses the most relevant advances in luminescence-based sensors for molecular oxygen (both in fuel tanks and as pressure-sensitive paints), corrosion and wear, hydraulic fluid monitoring, and other parameters relevant to the aeronautical industry.

Keywords

Aircraft Corrosion Fluorescence Fuel tank Hydraulic fluid Inerting Luminescence Oxygen Pressure-sensitive paint Sensors 

Notes

Acknowledgments

B.P. acknowledges FCT-Portugal and IST-ID for the research contract IST-ID/104/2018. G. O. acknowledges the European Commission (STREP-FP6-2005-AERO-1 “SUPERSKYSENSE” project), the Spanish Ministry for Economy and Competitiveness (CDTI CENIT-E2010 “PROSAVE” project), CESA, and Aerlyper companies for their generous funding of UCM research on luminescent sensors for aeronautical applications. M.N.B.S. and B.P. acknowledge FCT-Portugal for FAPESP/20107/2014.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bruno Pedras
    • 1
    Email author
  • Guillermo Orellana
    • 2
  • Mário Nuno Berberan-Santos
    • 1
  1. 1.CQFM-IN and iBB-Institute for Bioengineering and Biosciences, Instituto Superior TécnicoUniversidade de LisboaLisboaPortugal
  2. 2.Chemical Optosensors and Applied Photochemistry Group (GSOLFA), Department of Organic Chemistry, Faculty of ChemistryComplutense University of MadridMadridSpain

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