Advertisement

pp 1-29 | Cite as

A Systematic Review on Arsenic Bio-Availability in Human and Animals: Special Focus on the Rice–Human System

  • Anirban Biswas
Chapter
Part of the Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology book series

Abstract

The present systematic review synthesizes the diverse documentation of research on the occurrence of arsenic in soil–water systems and the human and animal bio-availability scenarios related to food chain contamination by arsenic. Humans and animals may drink arsenic-contaminated groundwater in addition to consuming foods that have been grown in arsenic-contaminated groundwater and soils. Rice grain is a potential arsenic carrier and the staple food in many parts of the world, particularly in Southeast Asian countries. Data have been summarized from 183 articles describing different aspects of arsenic flow in the food chain, that is, the soil–water–rice–human system and the water–crops–animals system and the bio-availability of arsenic to humans and animals. The phyto-availability of arsenic depends on the physicochemical and biological conditions of soil and water. In humans, the bio-accessibility of inorganic arsenic is 63–99%. Arsenic is more bio-available from rice than from other foods: different food materials differ in bio-accessible potential. Additionally, the review identifies trends in research on arsenic contamination and food chain flow considering arsenic species, toxicity assessment, and bio-accessibility studies. This systematic review provides a comprehensive assessment of the documented evidence to be used to guide future research on arsenic availability for the rice plant and subsequent availability to humans from cooked rice that can determine arsenic toxicity. The review also highlights how the focus of research on arsenic as a pollutant has changed in the past decades.

Abbreviations

DMA

Dimethylarsinic acid

NRC

National Research Council

ROL

Radial oxygen loss (ROL)

TIM

TNO GastroIntestinal model

TTC

Trophic transfer coefficient

WHO

World Health Organization

XANES

X-ray absorption near edge structure

Notes

Acknowledgments

The author acknowledges the Science and Engineering Research Board, Department of Science and Technology (DST-SERB), Government of India for providing research funding as National Postdoctoral Fellowship (File No. PDF/2016/000699). The author also acknowledges the authors whose works have been considered in the present work. We also acknowledge the anonymous persons responsible for making the web databases available relating to our database search.

References

  1. Abedin MJ, Cotter-Howells J, Meharg AA (2002a) Arsenic uptake and accumulation in rice (Oryza sativa L.) irrigated with contaminated water. Plant Soil 240:311–319Google Scholar
  2. Abedin MJ, Feldmann J, Meharg AA (2002b) Uptake kinetics of arsenic species in rice plants. Plant Physiol 128(3):1120–1128Google Scholar
  3. Acharyya S, Lahiri S, Raymahashay B, Bhowmik A (2000) Arsenic toxicity of groundwater in parts of the Bengal basin in India and Bangladesh: the role of Quaternary stratigraphy and Holocene sea-level fluctuation. Environ Geol 39:1127Google Scholar
  4. Adomako EE, Williams PN, Deacon C, Mehrag AA (2011) Inorganic arsenic and trace elements in Ghanaian grain staples. Environ Pollut 159:2435–2442Google Scholar
  5. Agusa T, Takagi K, Kubota R, Anan Y, Iwata H, Tanabe S (2008) Specific accumulation of arsenic compounds in green turtles (Chelonia mydas) and hawksbill turtles (Eretmochelys imbricata) from Ishigaki Island, Japan. Environ Pollut 153:127–136. (in press)Google Scholar
  6. Al Rmalli SW, Haris PI, Harrington CF, Ayub M (2005) A survey of arsenic in foodstuffs on sale in the United Kingdom and imported from Bangladesh. Sci Total Environ 337:23–30Google Scholar
  7. Alam MGM, Snow ET, Tanaka A (2003) Arsenic and heavy metal contamination of vegetables grown in Samta village, Bangladesh. Sci Total Environ 308:83–96Google Scholar
  8. Bastias J, Jambon P, Muñoz O, Manquian N, Bahamonde P, Neira M (2013) Honey as a bioindicator of arsenic contamination due to volcanic and mining activities in Chile. Chilean J Agric Res 73:147–153Google Scholar
  9. Benner S (2010) Hydrology: anthropogenic arsenic. Nat Geosci 3:5–6Google Scholar
  10. Bertin FR, Baseler LJ, Wilson CR, Kritchevsky JE, Taylor SD (2013) Arsenic toxicosis in cattle: meta-analysis of 156 cases. J Vet Intern Med 27:977–981Google Scholar
  11. Bhattacharya P, Samal AC, Majumdar J, Santra SC (2010) Accumulation of arsenic and its distribution in rice plants (Oryza sativa L.) in Gangetic West Bengal, India. Paddy Water Environ 8:63–70Google Scholar
  12. Bissen M, Frimmel FH (2003) Arsenic: a review. Part I: Occurrence, toxicity, speciation, mobility. Acta Hydrochim Hydrobiol 31:9–48Google Scholar
  13. Biswas A, Santra SC (2012) Arsenic distribution in winter rice and vegetable crops – in vivo micro level study in a contaminated region. Int Res J Agric Sci Soil Sci 1(6):205–210Google Scholar
  14. Biswas A, Biswas S, Santra SC (2012) Risk from winter vegetables and pulses produced in arsenic endemic areas of Nadia District: field study comparison with market basket survey. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 88(6):909–914Google Scholar
  15. Biswas A, Basu B, Bhattacharya K, Guha Mazumder DN, Santra SC (2013a) Species level study on arsenic availability from dietary components. Toxicol Environ Chem 95(3):529–540Google Scholar
  16. Biswas A, Biswas S, Lavu RVS, Gupta PC, Santra SC (2013b) Arsenic prone rice cultivars: a study in endemic region. Paddy Water Environ 12:379–386Google Scholar
  17. Biswas A, Biswas S, Santra SC (2013c) Arsenic in irrigated water, soil, and rice: perspective of the cropping seasons. Paddy Water Environ 12:407–412Google Scholar
  18. Biswas A, Deb D, Ghose A, Du Laing G, De Neve J, Santra SC, Guha Mazumder DN (2014a) Dietary arsenic consumption and urine arsenic in an endemic population: response to improvement of drinking water quality in a 2-year consecutive study. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 21:609–619Google Scholar
  19. Biswas A, Deb D, Ghose A, Santra SC, Guha Mazumder DN (2014b) Seasonal perspective of dietary arsenic consumption and urine arsenic in an endemic population. Environ Monit Assess 186:4543–4551Google Scholar
  20. Biswas A, Biswas S, Das A, Roychowdhury T (2018) Spatial variability and competing dynamics of arsenic, selenium, iron and bioavailable phosphate from ground water and soil to paddy plant parts. Groundwater Sustain Dev.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gsd.2018.08.001Google Scholar
  21. Braeuer S, Dungl E, Hoffmann W, Li D, Wang C, Zhang H, Goessler W (2017) Unusual arsenic metabolism in giant pandas. Chemosphere 189:418–425Google Scholar
  22. Brandon EF, Janssen PJ, de Wit-Bos L (2014) Arsenic: bioaccessibility from seaweed and rice, dietary exposure calculations and risk assessment. Food Addit Contam Part A 31(12):1993–2003Google Scholar
  23. Carbonell-Barrachina A, Burlo Carbonell F, Mataix Beneyto J (1995) Arsenic uptake, distribution, and accumulation in tomato plants: effect of arsenite on plant growth and yield. J Plant Nutr 18(6):1237–1250Google Scholar
  24. Carbonell-Barrachina AA, Burló-Carbonell F, Mataix-Beneyto J (1997) Arsenic uptake, distribution, and accumulation in bean plants: effect of arsenite and salinity on plant growth and yield. J Plant Nutr 20(10):1419–1430Google Scholar
  25. Carey AM, Scheckel KG, Lombi E, Newville M, Choi Y, Norton GJ, Charnock JM, Feldmann J, Price AH, Meharg AA (2010) Grain unloading of arsenic species in rice. Plant Physiol 152:309–319Google Scholar
  26. Chakraborti D, Basu GK, Biswas BK, Chowdhury UK, Rahman MM, Paul K, Roychowdhury T, Chanda CR, Lodh D, Ray SL (2001) Characterization of arsenic-bearing sediments in the Gangetic delta of West Bengal, India. In: Chappell WR, Abernathy CO, Calderon RA (eds) Arsenic exposure and health effects, vol IV. Elsevier Science, Amsterdam, pp 27–52Google Scholar
  27. Chowdhury UK, Rahman MM, Mondal BK, Paul K, Lodh D, Biswas BK, Basu GK, Chanda CR, Saha KC, Mukherjee SK, Roy S, Das R, Kaies I, Barua AK, Palit SK, Quamruzzaman Q, Chakraborti D (2001) Groundwater arsenic contamination and human suffering in West Bengal, India and Bangladesh. Environ Sci 8:393–415Google Scholar
  28. Chu M, Beauchemin D (2004) Simple method to assess the maximum bio-accessibility of elements from food using flow injection and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. J Anal At Spectrom 19(9):1213–1216Google Scholar
  29. Colmer TD (2003a) Aerenchyma and an inducible barrier to radial oxygen loss facilitate root aeration in upland, paddy and deep­water rice (Oryza sativa L.). Ann Bot 91(2):301–309Google Scholar
  30. Colmer TD (2003b) Longdistance transport of gases in plants: a perspective on internal aeration and radial oxygen loss from roots. Plant Cell Environ 26(1):17–36Google Scholar
  31. Conklin SD, Fricke MW, Creed PA, Creed JT (2008) Investigation of the pH effects on the formation of methylated thio-arsenicals, and the effects of pH and temperature on their stability. J Anal At Spectrom 23(5):711–716Google Scholar
  32. Cullen WR, Reimer KJ (1989) Arsenic speciation in the environment. Chem Rev 89:713–764Google Scholar
  33. Dahal BM, Fuerhacker M, Mentler A, Karki KB, Shrestha RR, Blum WEH (2008) As contamination of soils and agricultural plants through irrigation water in Nepal. Environ Pollut 155:157–163Google Scholar
  34. Das HK, Mitra AK, Sengupta PK, Hossain A, Islam F, Rabbani GH (2004) Arsenic concentrations in rice, vegetables, and fish in Bangladesh: a preliminary study. Environ Int 30:383–387Google Scholar
  35. Das DK, Sur P, Das K (2008) Mobilization of arsenic in soils and in rice (Oryza sativa L.) plants affected by organic matter and zinc application in irrigation water contaminated with arsenic. Plant Soil Environ 54:30–37Google Scholar
  36. Datta BK, Mishra A, Singh A, Sar TK, Sarkar S, Bhatacharya A, Chakraborty AK, Mandal TK (2010) Chronic arsenicosis in cattle with special reference to its metabolism in arsenic endemic village of Nadia district, West Bengal, India. Sci Total Environ 409(2):284–288Google Scholar
  37. Datta BK, Bhar MK, Patra PH, Majumdar D, Dey RR, Sarkar S, Mandal TK, Chakraborty AK (2012) Effect of environmental exposure of arsenic on cattle and poultry in Nadia District, West Bengal, India. Toxicol Int 19(1):59–62Google Scholar
  38. Deb D, Biswas A, Ghose A, Das A, Majumdar KK, Guha Mazumder DN (2013) Nutritional deficiency and arsenical manifestations: a perspective study in an arsenic endemic region of West Bengal, India. Public Health Nutr 16(9):1644–1655Google Scholar
  39. Duxbury JM, Mayer AB, Lauren JG, Hassan N (2003) Food chain aspects of arsenic contamination in Bangladesh: effects on quality and productivity of rice. J Environ Sci Health 38:61–69Google Scholar
  40. Edmonds JS, Shibata Y, Prince RIT, Francesconi KA, Morita M (1994) Arsenic compounds in tissues of the leatherback turtle, Dermochelys coriacea. J Mar Biol Assoc UK 74:463–466Google Scholar
  41. Farooqi A, Masuda H, Firdous N (2007) Toxic fluoride and arsenic contaminated groundwater in the Lahore and Kasur districts, Punjab, Pakistan and possible contaminant sources. Environ Pollut 145:839–849Google Scholar
  42. Fujihara J, Kunito T, Kubota R, Tanabe S (2003) Arsenic accumulation in livers of pinnipeds, seabirds, and sea turtles: subcellular distribution and interaction between arsenobetaine and glycine betaine. Comp Biochem Physiol C 136:287–296Google Scholar
  43. Fujihara J, Kunito T, Kubota R, Tanaka H, Tanabe S (2004) Arsenic accumulation and distribution in tissues of black-footed albatrosses. Mar Pollut Bull 48:1153–1160Google Scholar
  44. Galanakis C (2017) What is the difference between bioavailability bioaccessibility and bioactivity of food components? Posted on: April 27, 2017, Elsevier SciTech Connect. Accessed 28 Aug 2018Google Scholar
  45. Guha Mazumder DN, Deb D, Biswas A, Saha C, Nandy A, Ganguly B, Ghose A, Bhattacharya K, Majumdar KK (2013) Evaluation of dietary arsenic exposure and its biomarkers: a case study of West Bengal, India. J Environ Sci Health Part A 48:1–9Google Scholar
  46. Guha Mazumder DN, Deb D, Biswas A, Saha C, Nandy A, Das A, Ghose A, Bhattacharya K, Mazumdar KK (2014) Dietary arsenic exposure with low level of arsenic in drinking water and biomarker: a study in West Bengal. J Environ Sci Health A 49:1–10Google Scholar
  47. Halder D, Bhowmick S, Biswas A, Chatterjee D, Nriagu J, Guha Mazumder DN, Šlejkovec Z, Jacks G, Bhattacharya P (2013) Risk of arsenic exposure from drinking water and dietary components: implications for risk management in rural Bengal. Environ Sci Technol 47(2):1120–1127Google Scholar
  48. Hansel CM, Fendorf S, Sutton S, Newville M (2001) Characterization of Fe plaque and associated metals on the roots of minewaste impacted aquatic plants. Environ Sci Technol 35(19):3863–3868Google Scholar
  49. Haque S, Johannesson KH (2006) Arsenic concentrations and speciation along a groundwater flow path: the Carrizo sand aquifer, Texas, U.S.A. Chem Geol 228:57–71Google Scholar
  50. Heitkemper DT, Vela NP, Stewart KR (2001a) Determination of total and speciated arsenic in rice by ion chromatography and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. J Anal At Spectrom 16:299–306Google Scholar
  51. Heitkemper DT, Vela NP, Stewart KR, Westphal CS (2001b) Determination of total and speciated arsenic in rice by ion chromatography and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. J Anal At Spectrom 16:299–306Google Scholar
  52. Hirata S, Toshimitsu H, Aihara M (2006) Determination of arsenic species in marine samples by HPLC-ICP-MS. Anal Sci 22:39Google Scholar
  53. Hu Y, Li JH, Huang YZ, Hu HQ, Christie P (2005) Sequestration of arsenic by iron plaque on the roots of three rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivars in a low phosphorus soil with or without fertilizer. Environ Geochem Health 27:169–176Google Scholar
  54. Hu ZY, Zhu YG, Li M, Zhang LG, Cao ZH, Smith FA (2007) Sulphur (S) induced enhancement of iron plaque formation in the rhizosphere reduces arsenic accumulation in rice (Oryza sativa L.) seedlings. Environ Pollut 147:387–393Google Scholar
  55. Huang H, Jia Y, Sun GX, Zhu YG (2012) Arsenic speciation and volatilization from flooded paddy soils amended with different organic matters. Environ Sci Technol 46(4):2163–2168Google Scholar
  56. Huq SMI, Joardar JC, Parvin S, Correll R, Naidu R (2006) Arsenic contamination in food-chain: transfer of arsenic into food materials through groundwater irrigation. J Health Popul Nutr 24:305–316Google Scholar
  57. Intamat S, Buasriyot P, Sriuttha M, Tengjaroenkul B, Neeratanaphan L (2017) Bioaccumulation of arsenic in aquatic plants and animals near a municipal landfill. Int J Environ Stud 74(2):303–314Google Scholar
  58. Intawongse M, Dean JR (2006) In-vitro testing for assessing oral bioaccessibility of trace metals in soil and food samples. TrAC Trends Anal Chem 25(9):876–886Google Scholar
  59. Islam FS, Gault AG, Boothman C, Polya DA, Charnock JM, Chatterjee D (2004) Role of metal-reducing bacteria in arsenic release from Bengal delta sediments. Nature 430:68–71Google Scholar
  60. Jahiruddin M, Islam MA, Islam MR, Islam S (2004) Effects of arsenic contamination on rice crop (Oryza sativa L). Environ Forensic 1:104–110Google Scholar
  61. Jeong S, Moon HS, Nam K (2013) Differential in vitro bioaccessibility of residual As in a field-aged former smelter site and its implication for potential risk. Sci Total Environ 463-464:348–354Google Scholar
  62. Juhasz AL, Smith E, Weber J, Rees M, Rofe A, Kuchel T, Sansom L, Naidu R (2007) In vitro assessment of arsenic bioaccessibility in contaminated (anthropogenic and geogenic) soils. Chemosphere 69:69–78Google Scholar
  63. Kar S, Das S, Jean JS, Chakraborty S, Chuan-Liu C (2013) As in the water-soil-plant system and the potential health risks in the coastal part of Chianan plain, Southwestern Taiwan. J Asian Earth Sci 77:295–302Google Scholar
  64. Khan MA, Islam MR, Panaullah GM, Duxbury JM, Jahiruddin M, Loeppert RH (2009) Fate of irrigation water arsenic in rice soils of Bangladesh. Plant Soil 322:263–2772Google Scholar
  65. Khan MA, Islam MR, Panaullah GM, Duxbury JM, Jahiruddin M, Loeppert RH (2010a) Accumulation of arsenic in soil and rice under wetland condition in Bangladesh. Plant Soil 333:263–274Google Scholar
  66. Khan MA, Stroud J, Zhu YG, McGrath SP, Zhao FJ (2010b) Arsenic bioavailability to rice is elevated in Bangladeshi paddy soils. Environ Sci Technol 44:8515–8521Google Scholar
  67. Kile ML, Houseman EA, Breton CV, Smith T, Quamruzzaman O, Rahman M, Mahiuddin G, Christiani DC (2007) Dietary arsenic exposure in Bangladesh. Environ Health Perspect 115:889–893Google Scholar
  68. Kim J, Kim W, Kunhikrishnan A, Kang DW, Kim DH, Lee YJ, Kim YJ, Kim CT (2013) Determination of arsenic species in rice grains using HPLC-ICP-MS. Food Sci Biotechnol 22:1509Google Scholar
  69. Koch I, McPherson K, Smith P, Easton L, Doa KG, Reimer KJ (2007) Arsenic bioaccessibility and speciation in clams and seaweed from a contaminated marine environment. Mar Pollut Bull 54(5):586–594Google Scholar
  70. Koch I, Moriarty M, House K, Sui J, Cullen WR, Saper RB, Reimer KJ (2011) Bioaccessibility of lead and arsenic in traditional Indian medicines. Sci Total Environ 409(21):4545–4552Google Scholar
  71. Kubota R, Kunito T, Tanabe S, Ogi H, Shibata Y (2002) Maternal transfer of arsenic to eggs of blacktailed gull (Larus crassirostis) from Rishiri Island, Japan. Appl Organomet Chem 16:463–468Google Scholar
  72. Kubota R, Kunito T, Tanabe S (2003) Occurrence of several arsenic compounds in the liver of birds, cetaceans, pinnipeds, and sea turtles. Environ Toxicol Chem 22:1200–1207Google Scholar
  73. Kunito T, Kubota R, Fujihara J, Agusa T, Tanabe S (2008) Arsenic in marine mammals, seabirds, and sea turtles. In: Whitacre DM (ed) Reviews of environmental contamination and toxicology. Springer, New York, pp 31–71Google Scholar
  74. Laparra JM, Velez D, Montoro R, Barbera R, Farre R (2003) Estimation of arsenic bioaccessibility in edible seaweed by an in vitro digestion method. J Agric Food Chem 51(20):6080–6085Google Scholar
  75. Laparra JM, Veälez D, Barbera R, Farre R, Montoro R (2005) Bioavailability of inorganic arsenic in cooked rice: practical aspects for human health risk assessments. J Agric Food Chem 53:8829–8833Google Scholar
  76. Leufroy A, Noël L, Beauchemin D, Guérin T (2012) Bioaccessibility of total arsenic and arsenic species in seafood as determined by a continuous online leaching method. Anal Bioanal Chem 402:2849–2859Google Scholar
  77. Lee CH, Hsieh YC, Lin TH, Lee DY (2013) Iron plaque formation and its effect on arsenic uptake by different genotypes of paddy rice. Plant Soil 363:231–241Google Scholar
  78. Li RY, Stroud JL, Ma JF, McGrath SP, Zhao FJ (2009) Mitigation of arsenic accumulation in rice with water management and silicon fertilization. Environ Sci Technol 43:3778–3783Google Scholar
  79. Lin HT, Wong SS, Li GC (2004) Heavy metal content of rice and shell in Taiwan. J Food Drug Anal 12:67–74Google Scholar
  80. Lin SC, Chang TK, Huang WD, Lur HS, Shyu GS (2015) Accumulation of arsenic in rice plant: a study of an arsenic­contaminated site in Taiwan. Paddy Water Environ 13:11–18Google Scholar
  81. Liu WJ, Zhu YG, Smith FA, Smith SE (2004) Do iron plaque and genotypes affect arsenate uptake and translocation by rice seedlings (Oryza sativa L.) grown in solution culture? J Exp Bot 55(403):1707–1713Google Scholar
  82. Liu WJ, Zhu YG, Smith FA (2005) Effects of iron and manganese plaques on arsenic uptake by rice seedlings (Oryza sativa L.) grown in solution culture supplied with arsenate and arsenite. Plant Soil 277:127–138Google Scholar
  83. Liu WJ, Zhu Y, Hu Y, Williams PH, Gault AG, Meharg AA, Charnock JM, Smith FA (2006) Arsenic sequestration in iron plaque, its accumulation and speciation in mature rice plants (Oryza sativa L.). Environ Sci Technol 40(18):5730–5736Google Scholar
  84. Mandal BK, Suzuki KT (2002) Arsenic round the world: a review. Talanta 58:201–235Google Scholar
  85. Mayorga P, Moyano A, Anawar HM, Garcia-Sanchez A (2013) Uptake and accumulation of arsenic in different organs of carrot irrigated with As-rich water. Clean Soil Air Water 41(6):587–592Google Scholar
  86. McBride MB, Shayler HA, Russell-Anelli JM, Spliethoff HM, Marquez-Bravo LG (2015) Arsenic and lead uptake by vegetable crops grown on an old orchard site amended with compost. Water Air Soil Pollut 226(8):265.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-015-2529-9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. Meharg AA (2004) Arsenic in rice: understanding a new disaster for South­East Asia. Trends Plant Sci 9(9):415–417Google Scholar
  88. Meharg AA, Rahman MM (2003) Arsenic contamination of Bangladesh paddy field soils: implications for rice contribution to arsenic consumption. Environ Sci Technol 37:229–234Google Scholar
  89. Meharg AA, Adomako E, Lawgali Y, Deacon C, Williams P (2008) Food Standards Agency contract C101045: levels of arsenic in rice-literature reviewGoogle Scholar
  90. Meharg AA, Williams PN, Adomako A, Lawgali YY, Deacon C, Villada A, Campbell RCJ, Sun G, Zhu YG, Feldmann I, Rabb A, Zhao FJ, Islam R, Hossain S, Yanai I (2009) Geographical variation in total and inorganic arsenic content of polished (white) rice. Environ Sci Technol 43:1612–1617Google Scholar
  91. Meliker JR, Franzblau A, Slotnick MJ, Nriagu JO (2006) Major contributors to inorganic arsenic intake in southeastern Michigan. Int J Hyg Environ Health 209:399–411Google Scholar
  92. Minekus M, Smeets-Peeters M, Havenaar R, Bernalier A, Fonty G, Marol-Bonnin S, Alric M, Marteau P, Huis In’t Veld JHJ (1999) A computer-controlled system to simulate conditions of the large intestine with peristaltic mixing, water absorption and absorption of fermentation products. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 53(1):108–114Google Scholar
  93. Misbahuddin M (2003) Consumption of arsenic through cooked rice. Lancet 361:435–436Google Scholar
  94. Mondal D, Polya DA (2008) Rice is a major exposure route for arsenic in Chakdaha block, Nadia district, West Bengal, India: a probabilistic risk assessment. Appl Geochem 23:2987–2998Google Scholar
  95. Moreda-Pineiro J, Moreda-Pineiro A, Romaris-Hortas V, Moscoso-Perez C, Lopez-Mahia P, Muniategui-Lorenzo S, Bermejo-Barrera P, Prada-Rodriguez D (2011) In-vivo and in-vitro testing to assess the bioaccessibility and the bioavailability of arsenic, selenium and mercury species in food samples. TrAC Trends Anal Chem 30(2):324–345Google Scholar
  96. Mukherjee A, Brömssen M, Scanlon BR, Bhattacharya P, Fryar AE, Hasan MA, Ahmed KM, Chatterjee D, Jacks G, Sracek O (2008) Hydrogeochemical comparison and effects of overlapping redox zones on groundwater arsenic near the Western (Bhagirathi sub­basin, India) and Eastern (Meghna sub­basin, Bangladesh) margins of the Bengal Basin. J Contam Hydrol 99:31–48Google Scholar
  97. Nickson R, MacArthur JM, Ravenscroft P, Burgess WG, Ahmed KM (2000) Mechanism of arsenic release in groundwater, Bangladesh and West Bengal. Appl Geochem 15:403–413Google Scholar
  98. Norra S, Berner ZA, Agarwala P, Wagner F, Chandrasekharam D, Stuben D (2005) Impact of irrigation with arsenic rich groundwater on soil and crops: a geochemical case study in West Bengal Delta plain, India. Appl Geochem 20:1890–1906Google Scholar
  99. Norton GJ, Duan GL, Dasgupta T, Islam MR, Lei M, Zhu YG, Deacon CM, Moran AC, Islam S, Zhao FJ, Stroud JL, McGrath SP, Feldmann J, Price AH, Meharg AA (2009) Environmental and genetic control of arsenic accumulation and speciation in rice grain: comparing a range of common cultivars grown in contaminated sites across Bangladesh, China, and India. Environ Sci Technol 43:8381–8386Google Scholar
  100. NRC (National Research Council) (1999) Health effects of arsenic. Arsenic in drinking water. National Academic Press, Washington, pp 83–149Google Scholar
  101. Ohno K, Yanase T, Matsuo Y, Kimura T, Rahman MH, Magara Y, Matsui Y (2007) Arsenic intake via water and food by a population living in an arsenic affected area of Bangladesh. Sci Total Environ 381:68–76Google Scholar
  102. Oomen AG, Tolls J, Sips AM, Van den Hoop MA (2003) Lead speciation in artificial human digestive fluid. Environ Contami Toxicol 44:107–115Google Scholar
  103. Pal A, Nayak B, Das B, Hossain MA, Ahmed S, Chakraborti D (2007) Additional danger of arsenic exposure through inhalation from burning of cow dung cakes laced with arsenic as a fuel in arsenic affected villages in Ganga-Meghna-Brahmaputra plain. J Environ Monit 9(10):1067–1070Google Scholar
  104. Pan W, Wu C, Xue S, Hartley W (2014) Arsenic dynamics in the rhizosphere and its sequestration on rice roots as affected by root oxidation. J Environ Sci 26:892–899Google Scholar
  105. Peijnenburg WJ, Jager T (2003) Monitoring approaches to assess bioaccessibility and bioavailability of metals: matrix issues. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 56(1):63–77Google Scholar
  106. People SA (1964) Arsenic toxicity in cattle. Ann N Y Acad Sci 111:644Google Scholar
  107. Phuong TD, Chuong PV, Khiem DT, Kokot S (1999) Elemental content of Vietnamese rice. Part 1. Sampling, analysis and comparison with previous studies. Analyst 124:553–560Google Scholar
  108. Pizarro I, Gómez MG, León J, Román D, Palacios MA (2016) Bioaccessibility and arsenic speciation in carrots, beets and quinoa from a contaminated area of Chile. Sci Total Environ 565:557–563Google Scholar
  109. Rahaman S, Sinha AC, Pati R, Mukhopadhyay D (2013) As contamination: a potential hazard to the affected areas of West Bengal, India. Environ Geochem Health 35:119–132Google Scholar
  110. Rahman MM, Mandal BK, Chowdhury TR, Sengupta MK, Chowdhury UK, Lodh D, Chanda CR, Basu GK, Mukherjee SC, Saha KC, Chakraborti D (2003) Arsenic groundwater contamination and sufferings of people in north 24-Parganas, one of the nine arsenic affected districts of West Bengal, India. J Environ Sci Health Part A 28:25–59Google Scholar
  111. Rahman MA, Hasegawa H, Rahman MA, Rahman MM, Miah MAM (2006) Influence of cooking method on arsenic retention in cooked rice related to dietary exposure. Sci Total Environ 370:51–60Google Scholar
  112. Rahman MA, Hasegawa H, Rahman MM, Rahman MA, Miah MAM (2007) Accumulation of arsenic in tissues of rice plant (Oryza sativa L.) and its distribution in fractions of rice grain. Chemosphere 69:942–948Google Scholar
  113. Rahman MA, Hasegawa H, Rahman MM, Miah MA, Tasmin A (2008) Arsenic accumulation in rice (Oryza sativa L.): human exposure through food chain. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 69:317–324Google Scholar
  114. Rahman MM, Owens G, Naidu R (2009) Arsenic levels in rice grain and assessment of daily dietary intake of arsenic from rice in arsenic-contaminated regions of Bangladesh: implications to groundwater irrigation. Environ Geochem Health 31:179–187Google Scholar
  115. Ravenscroft P, Brammer H, Richards KS (2009) Arsenic pollution: a global synthesis. Wiley-Blackwell, HobokenGoogle Scholar
  116. Roychowdhury T, Uchino T, Tokunaga H, Ando M (2002a) Survey of arsenic in food composites from an arsenic affected area of West Bengal, India. Food Chem Toxicol 40:1611–1621Google Scholar
  117. Roychowdhury T, Uchino T, Tokunaga H, Ando M (2002b) Arsenic and other heavy metals in soils from an arsenic-affected area of West Bengal, India. Chemosphere 49:605–618Google Scholar
  118. Roychowdhury T, Tokunaga H, Ando M (2003) Survey of arsenic and other heavy metals in food composites and drinking water and estimation of dietary intake by the villagers from an arsenic-affected area of West Bengal, India. Sci Total Environ 308:15–35Google Scholar
  119. Roychowdhury T, Tokunaga H, Uchino T, Ando M (2005) Effect of arsenic contaminated irrigation water on agricultural land soil and plants in West Bengal, India. Chemosphere 58:799–810Google Scholar
  120. Roychowdhury T, Uchino T, Tokunaga H (2008) Effect of arsenic on soil, plant and foodstuffs by using irrigated groundwater and pond water from Nadia district, West Bengal. Int J Environ Pollut 33(2/3):218–234Google Scholar
  121. Ruby MV, Davis A, Schoof R, Eberle S, Sellstone CM (1996) Estimation of lead and arsenic bioavailability using a physiologically based extraction test. Environ Sci Technol 30(2):422–430Google Scholar
  122. Ruby MV, Schoof R, Brattin W, Goldade M, Post G, Harnois M, Mosby DE, Casteel SW, Berti W, Carpenter M, Edwards D, Cragin D, Chappell W (1999) Advances in evaluating the oral bioavailability of inorganics in soil for use in human health risk assessment. Environ Sci Technol 33(21):3697–3705Google Scholar
  123. Saeki K, Sakakibara H, Sakai H, Kunito T, Tanabe S (2000) Arsenic accumulation in three species of sea turtles. Biometals 13:241–250Google Scholar
  124. Schoof RA, Yost LJ, Crecelius E, Irgolic K, Goessler W, Guo HR, Greene H (1998) Dietary arsenic intake in Taiwanese districts with elevated arsenic in drinking water. Human Ecol Risk Assess 4:117–135Google Scholar
  125. Schoof RA, Yost LJ, Eickhoff J, Crecelius EA, Meacher DM, Menzel DB (1999) A market basket survey of inorganic arsenic in food. Food Chem Toxicol 37:839–836Google Scholar
  126. Selby LA, Case AA, Osweiler GD, Hayes HM Jr (1977) Epidemiology and toxicology of arsenic poisoning in domestic animals. Environ Health Perspect 19:183–189Google Scholar
  127. Sengupta MK, Hossain MA, Mukherjee A, Ahamed S, Das B, Nayak B, Pal A, Chakraborti D (2006) Arsenic burden of cooked rice: traditional and modern methods. Food Chem Toxicol 44:1823–1829Google Scholar
  128. Seyfferth AL, Webb SM, Andrews JC, Fendorf S (2010) Arsenic localization, speciation, and co-occurrence with iron on rice (Oryza sativa L.) roots having variable Fe coatings. Environ Sci Technol 44:8108–8113Google Scholar
  129. Seyfferth AL, McCurdy S, Schaefer MV, Fendorf S (2014) Arsenic concentrations in paddy soil and rice and health implications for major rice­growing regions of Cambodia. Environ Sci Technol 48:4699–4706Google Scholar
  130. Sharma V, Sohn M (2009) Aquatic arsenic: toxicity, speciation, transformation and remediation. Environ Int 35:743–759Google Scholar
  131. Signes A, Mitra K, Burlo F, Carbonell-Barrachina AA (2008) Contribution of water and cooked rice to an estimation of the dietary intake of inorganic arsenic in a rural village of West Bengal, India. Food Addit Contam 25:41–50Google Scholar
  132. Smedley PL, Kinniburgh DG (2002) A review of the source, behaviour and distribution of arsenic in natural waters. Appl Geochem 17:517–568Google Scholar
  133. Smith PG (2006) Arsenic biotransformation in terrestrial organisms – a study of the transport and transformation of arsenic in plants, fungi, fur and feathers, using conventional speciation analysis and X-ray absorption spectroscopy. Doctoral dissertation, Queen’s University, CanadaGoogle Scholar
  134. Smolders AJP, Roelofs JGM (1996) The roles of internal iron hydroxide precipitation, sulphide toxicity and oxidizing ability in the survival of Stratiotes aloides roots at different iron concentrations in sediment pore water. New Phytol 133(2):253–260Google Scholar
  135. Somasundaram J, Krishnasamy R, Savithri P (2005) Biotransformation of heavy metals in Jersey cows. Indian J Anim Sci 75:1257–1260Google Scholar
  136. Stewart MA, Jardine PM, Fendorf SE, Barnett MO (2005) Evaluation of soil properties to reduce bioaccessibility of heavy metals. In: International conference on the remediation of contaminated sediments; New Orleans, Louisiana, January 24–27, 2005Google Scholar
  137. Stroud JL, Norton GJ, Islam MR, Dasgupta T, White RP, Price AH, Meharg AA, Mcgrath SP, Zhao FJ (2011) The dynamics of arsenic in four paddy fields in the Bengal delta. Environ Pollut 159(4):947–953Google Scholar
  138. Su YH, McGrath SP, Zhao FJ (2010) Rice is more efficient in arsenite uptake and translocation than wheat and barley. Plant Soil 328:27–34Google Scholar
  139. Suedel BC, Boraczek JA, Peddicord RK, Clifford PA, Dillon TM (1994) Trophic transfer and biomagnification potential of contaminants in aquatic ecosystems. Rev Environ Contam Toxicol 136:21–89Google Scholar
  140. Sun GX, Williams PN, Carey AM, Zhu YG, Deacon C, Raab A, Feldmann J, Islam RM, Meharg AA (2008) Inorganic arsenic in rice bran and its products are an order of magnitude higher than in bulk grain. Environ Sci Technol 42:7542–7546Google Scholar
  141. Sun GX, van de Wiele T, Alava P, Tack F, Du Laing G (2012) Arsenic in cooked rice: effect of chemical, enzymatic and microbial processes on bioaccessibility and speciation in the human gastrointestinal tract. Environ Pollut 162:241–246Google Scholar
  142. Syu CH, Jiang PY, Huang HH, Chen WT, Lin TH, Lee DY (2013) Arsenic sequestration in iron plaque and its effect on arsenic uptake by rice plants grown in paddy soils with high contents of arsenic, iron oxides and organic matter. Soil Sci Plant Nutr 59:463–471Google Scholar
  143. Syu CH, Lee CH, Jiang PY, Chen MK, Lee DY (2014) Comparison of arsenic sequestration in iron plaque and uptake by different genotypes of rice plants grown in arsenic contaminated paddy soils. Plant Soil 374:411–422Google Scholar
  144. Torres-Escribano S, Leal M, Velez D, Montoro R (2008) Total and inorganic arsenic concentrations in rice sold in Spain: effect of cooking and risk assessments. Environ Sci Technol 42:3867–3872Google Scholar
  145. Torres-Escribano S, Denis S, Blanquet-Diot S, Calatayud M, Barrios L, Velez D, Alric M, Montoro R (2011) Comparison of a static and a dynamic in vitro model to estimate the bioaccessibility of As, Cd, Pb and Hg from food reference materials: Fucus sp. (IAEA-140/TM) and lobster hepatopancreas (TORT-2). Sci Tot Env 409(3):604–611Google Scholar
  146. Trenary HR, Creed PA, Young AR, Mantha M, Schwege CA, Xue J, Kohan MJ, Davis KH, Thomas DJ, Caruso JA, Creed JT (2012) An in vitro assessment of bioaccessibility of arsenicals in rice and the use of this estimate within a probabilistic exposure model. J Exp Sci Environ Epidemiol 2012:1–7Google Scholar
  147. Tsuji JS, Yost LJ, Barraj LM, Scrafford CG, Mink PJ (2007) Use of background inorganic arsenic exposures to provide perspective on risk assessment results. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 48:59–68Google Scholar
  148. Waisberg M, Black WD, Waisberg CM, Hale B (2004) The effect of pH, time and dietary source of cadmium on the bioaccessibility and adsorption of cadmium to/from lettuce. Food Chem Toxicol 42(5):835–842Google Scholar
  149. WHO (2001) Arsenic and arsenic compounds. Environmental health criteria 224. World Health Organization, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  150. Williams PN, Price AH, Raab A, Hossain SA, Feldmann J, Meharg AA (2005) Variation in arsenic speciation and concentration in paddy rice related to dietary exposure. Environ Sci Technol 39:5531–5540Google Scholar
  151. Williams PN, Islam MR, Adomako EE, Raab A, Hossain SA, Zhu YG, Feldmann J, Meharg AA (2006) Increase in rice grain arsenic for regions of Bangladesh irrigating paddies with elevated arsenic in groundwaters. Environ Sci Technol 40:4903–4908Google Scholar
  152. Williams PN, Villada A, Deacon C, Raab A, Figuerola J, Green AJ, Feldmaan J, Meharg AA (2007) Greatly enhanced arsenic shoot assimilation in rice leads to elevated grain levels compared to wheat and barley. Environ Sci Technol 41:6854–6859Google Scholar
  153. Wragg J, Cave M, Basta N, Brandon E, Casteel S, Denys S, Gron C, Oomen A, Reimer K, Tack K, Van de Wiele T (2011) An inter-laboratory trial of the unified BARGE bioaccessibility method for arsenic, cadmium and lead in soil. Sci Total Environ 409(19):4016–4030Google Scholar
  154. Wu C, Ye ZH, Wu SC, Deng D, Zhu YG, Wong MH (2012) Do radial oxygen loss and external aeration affect iron plaque formation and arsenic accumulation and speciation in rice? J Exp Bot 63:2961–2970Google Scholar
  155. Xie ZM, Huang CY (1998) Control of arsenic toxicity in rice plants grown on an arsenic-polluted paddy soil. Commun Soil Sci Plant Anal 29:2471–2477Google Scholar
  156. Xu J, Thornton I (1985) Arsenic in garden soils and vegetable crops in Cornwall, England: implications for human health. Environ Geochem Health 7(4):131–133Google Scholar
  157. Xu XY, McGrath SP, Meharg AA, Zhao FJ (2008) Growing rice aerobically markedly decreases arsenic accumulation. Environ Sci Technol 42:5574–5579Google Scholar
  158. Yang N, Winkel LHE, Johannesson KH (2014) Predicting geogenic arsenic contamination in shallow groundwater of South Louisiana, United States. Environ Sci Technol 48(10):5660–5666Google Scholar
  159. Yang F, Xie S, Liu J, Wei C, Zhang H, Chen T, Zhang J (2018) Arsenic concentrations and speciation in wild birds from an abandoned realgar mine in China. Chemosphere 193:777–784Google Scholar
  160. Zavala YJ, Duxbury JM (2008) Arsenic in rice: I. Estimating normal levels of arsenic in rice. Environ Sci Technol 42:3856–3860Google Scholar
  161. Zhao FJ, Ma JF, Meharg AA, McGrath SP (2009) Arsenic uptake and metabolism in plants. New Phytol 181:777–794Google Scholar
  162. Zhao FJ, McGrath SP, Meharg AA (2010) Arsenic as a food chain contaminant: mechanism of plant uptake and metabolism and mitigation strategies. Annu Rev Plant Biol 61:535–559Google Scholar
  163. Zheng MZ, Cai C, Hu Y, Sun GX, Williams PN, Cui HJ, Duan GL, Zhao FJ, Zhu YG (2012) Spatial distribution of arsenic and temporal variation of its concentration in rice. New Phytol 189:200–209Google Scholar
  164. Zhu YG, Williams PN, Meharg AA (2008) Exposure to inorganic arsenic from rice: a global health issue? Environ Pollut 154:167–171Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anirban Biswas
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Environmental StudiesJadavpur UniversityKolkataIndia

Personalised recommendations