Advertisement

Form, frequency, markedness and strategies in second language performance modelling

  • Greg Lessard
  • Michael Levison
  • Eugene Girard
  • Daniel Maher
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 608)

Abstract

Recent research has brought to light a range of factors which underly native language performance phenomena, including formal similarity or difference, linearity and proximity factors, frequency judgements, the availability of unmarked forms, and general cognitive strategies. On the basis of a substantial (70,000 word) machine-readable corpus of second-language written productions by anglophone learners of French, it is shown that such factors can make a substantial contribution to the modelling of second-language learner errors. Detailed examples are discussed in the areas of spelling errors, gender assignment, and gender and number agreement. The tendencies isolated on the basis of the corpus data are then modelled using a natural-language generation environment.

Keywords

Noun Phrase Performance Error Lexical Item Spelling Error Frequency Judgement 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    J. Aarts, W. Meijs (eds.): Corpus Linguistics: Recent Developments in the Use of Computer Corpora in English Language Research. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1984.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    J.R. Anderson, CF. Boyle, A.T. Corbett, M.W. Lewis: Cognitive modelling and intelligent tutoring. Artificial Intelligence, 42:749, 1990.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    J. Barchan, B. Woodmansee, M. Yazdani: A PROLOG-based Tool for French Grammar Analysis. Instructional Science, 14:21–48, 1986.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    D. Birdsong: Metalinguistic Performance and Interlinguistic Competence. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1989.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    H. Cedergren, D. Sankoff: Variable Rules: Performance as a Statistical Reflection of Competence. Language, 50: 333–355, 1974.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    N. Chomsky: Aspects of a Theory of Syntax. Cambridge, MA: MIT, 1965.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    G. Corbett: The Agreement Hierarchy. Journal of Linguistics, 15:203–223, 1979.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    A. Cutler (ed.): Slips of the Tongue. Amsterdam: Mouton, 1982.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    D. Fay, A. Cutler: Malapropisms and the Structure of the Mental Lexicon. Linguistic Inquiry, 8/3:505–520, 1977.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    W. Francis: Proximity Concord in English. Journal of English, 19/2:309–317, 1986.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    H. Frei: La grammaire des fautes. Genève: Slatkine, 1929.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    J. Greenberg: Language Universals. Paris: Mouton, 1966.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    K. Hale: A note on a Walbiri tradition of antonymy, in Semantics, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1971.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    P. Hoybye: L'accord en français contemporain. Copenhague: Andr. Fred. Host & Sons Forlag, 1944.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    G. Lessard: Modelling performance errors in advanced learners of French. AILA Conference, Thessaloniki, 1990.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    G. Lessard, M. Levison: Computer-aided analysis and modelling of second language performance errors. ACH/ALLC Conference, Tempe, 1991.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    G. Lessard, M. Levison, E. Girard: La génération artificielle du langage naturel et la linguistique: applications à la recherche et à l'enseignement. Learned Societies Conference, Queen's University, 1991.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    G. Lessard, M. Levison, M. Olsen: Agreement variation in French coordinate constructions: the case of ou. XXI Linguistic Symposium on the Romance Languages, UCSB, California, 1991.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    M. Levison, G. Lessard: Application of Attribute Grammars to Natural Language Sentence Generation. Computers and the Humanities, in press.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    J. Moore, W. Swartout: A Reactive Approach to Explanation: Taking the User's Feedback into Account. In Natural Language Generation in Artificial Intelligence and Computational Linguistics. Boston: Kluwer, 1991.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    R. Morgan: Verb Agreement as a Rule of English. Papers from the Eighth Regional Meeting of the Chicago Linguistics Society. Chicago: CLS, 1972.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    R. Mougeon, D. Green, M.-Cl. Truong, G. Marwick: Le français et l'anglais écrit des élèves franco-ontariens. Ontario: Ministère de l'éducation, 1981.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    L. Obler, L. Menn (eds.): Exceptional Language and Linguistics. New York: Academic Press, 1982.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    P. Oléron: Estimation de mots français sur les échelles de fréquence et d'abstraction. Bulletin de psychologie, 247, XIX, 603–610, 1966.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    P. Peterson: Establishing Verb Agreement with Disjunctively Conjoined Subjects: Strategies versus Principles. Australian Journal of Linguistics, 6:231–249, 1986.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    G. Pullum, A. Zwicky: Phonological Resolution of Syntactic Feature Conflict. Language, 62/4:751–773, 1986.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    G. Ripley, F. Druseikis: A Statistical Analysis of Syntax Errors. Computer Languages, 3:227–240, 1978.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    J. Sherzer: Play Languages: with a Note on Ritual Languages. In Obler & Menn 1982.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    D. Sleeman, J.S. Brown: Intelligent Tutoring Systems. New York: Academic Press, 1982.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    J. Véronis: L'utilisation de règles phono-graphiques dans la pédagogie de l'orthographe du français: une simulation sur ordinateur. Acquisition d'une langue étrangère: perspectives et recherches, t.2, Aix-en-Provence: Université de Provence, 1986.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    J. Véronis: Computerized Correction of Phonographic Errors. Computers and the Humanities, 22/1:43–56, 1988.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    L. White: Universal Grammar and Second Language Acquisition. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 1989.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Greg Lessard
    • 1
  • Michael Levison
    • 1
  • Eugene Girard
    • 1
  • Daniel Maher
    • 1
  1. 1.Departments of French Studies and Computing and Information ScienceQueen's UniversityKingstonCanada

Personalised recommendations