Modification of Organs


The formation of plant crowns depends on the initiation of buds and the variable growth of twigs (Roloff 2001). Some twigs grow fast and turn into long shoots; others grow slowly and become short shoots (7.1-7.5). Genetic and ecological factors determine the growth of twigs. The genetic influence is very obvious in some conifers, such as larch (7.7-7.10). Annual longitudinal growth may be determined by bud-scale scars. Annual radial xylem growth is indicated by the ring width (7.6).


Adventitious Shoot Compression Wood Tension Wood Latent Shoot Short Shoot 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

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