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Infusionstherapie und Ernährung von Risikogruppen

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Zusammenfassung

Besondere Situationen erfordern ein besonderes Vorgehen. Während bisher das »Standardvorgehen« bezüglich der Ernährung von pädiatrischen Patienten dargestellt wurde, beschäftigt sich das vorliegende Kapitel mit »Sondersituationen« der pädiatrischen Infusionstherapie und Ernährung. Behandlungssituationen, die ein besonderes Vorgehen bei der Therapie oder spezielle Aufmerksamkeit bei der Anpassung der Ernährung erfordern, entstehen in der Regel durch 4 mögliche Situationen:
  • spezifische Physiologie von Patientengruppen (z. B. Früh- oder Neugeborene),

  • Auswirkungen von therapeutischen Maßnahmen (z. B. Operationen),

  • Pathophysiologie von Erkrankungen (z. B. angeborene Stoffwechselerkrankungen, Erkrankungen des onkologischen, rheumatischen oder atopischen Formenkreises, Anorexia nervosa, Bulimie oder Adipositas) oder

  • besondere körperliche Belastungen [z. B. (Leistungs-)Sport].

Bekannte Strategien werden systematisch und prägnant dargestellt und diskutiert.

Die Beschäftigung mit der Ernährung von »Risikogruppen« übt das Erkennen und den Umgang von potenziellen Gefahrensituationen bei der Verordnung von bilanzierter Ernährung. So sollte auch derjenige von dem Kapitel profitieren, der sich mit den behandelten Patientengruppen, Situationen, Erkrankungen üblicherweise nicht beschäftigen muss.

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