Process Technology to Facilitate the Conduct of Science
This paper introduces the concept of an analytic web, a synthesis of three complementary views of a scientific process that is intended to facilitate the conduct of science. These three views support the clear, complete, and precise process documentation needed to enable the effective coordination of the activities of geographically dispersed scientists. An analytic web also supports automation of various scientific activities, education of young scientists, and reproducibility of scientific results. Of particular significance, an analytic web is intended to forestall the generation of scientific data that are erroneous or suspect, by using process definitions to prevent incorrect combinations of scientific results. The paper also describes experiences with a tool, SciWalker, designed to evaluate the efficacy of this approach.
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