Querying Dynamic and Context-Sensitive Metadata in Semantic Web

  • Sergiy Nikitin
  • Vagan Terziyan
  • Yaroslav Tsaruk
  • Andriy Zharko
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 3505)


RDF (core Semantic Web standard) is not originally appropriate for context representation, because of its initial focus on the ordinary Web resources, such as web pages, files, databases, services, etc., which structure and content are more or less stable. However, on the other hand, emerging industrial applications consider e.g. machines, processes, personnel, services for condition monitoring, remote diagnostics and maintenance, etc. to be specific classes of Web resources and thus a subject for semantic annotation. Such resources are naturally dynamic, not only from the point of view of changing values for some attributes (state of resource), but also from the point of view of changing “status-labels” (condition of the resource). Thus, context-awareness and dynamism appear to be new requirements to the existing RDF. This paper discusses the issues of representing the contexts in RDF and constructions coming with context representation. We discover certain representation patterns and their classification towards development of the general approach of querying dynamic and context-sensitive metadata in Semantic Web by autonomous agents.


Resource Description Framework Semantic Annotation Triple Pattern Predictive Maintenance Resource Description Framework Data 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Terziyan, V.Y.: Semantic web services for smart devices in a “Global understanding environment”. In: Meersman, R., Tari, Z. (eds.) OTM-WS 2003. LNCS, vol. 2889, pp. 279–291. Springer, Heidelberg (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    McBride, B.: Online Jena API tutorial, An Introduction to RDF and the Jena RDF API (August 2003),
  3. 3.
    Seaborne, A.: Online Jena tutorial, Hewlett Packard, Jena Tutorial. A Programmer’s Introduction to RDQL (April 2002),
  4. 4.
    Wilkinson, K., Sayers, C., Kuno, H.A., Reynolds, D.: Efficient RDF Storage and Retrieval in Jena2. In: Cruz, I.F., Kashyap, V., Decker, S., Eckstein, R. (eds.) Proceedings of SWDB 2003, The first International Workshop on Semantic Web and Databases, Co-located with VLDB 2003, Humboldt-Universität, Berlin, Germany, September 7–8, pp. 131–150 (2003)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Barnell, A.: RDF Objects, Technical Report, Semantic Web Applications Group, Hewlett Packard Laboratories Bristol, Avon, England (November 2002)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Webpage of Jena on the official website of B. McBride, Hewlett Packard, Jena, An RDF API in Java,
  7. 7.
    Lee, R.: Scalability Report on Triple Store Applications, Technical Report, SIMILE project (2004)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Beckett, D.: Semantic Web scalability and storage: survey of free software/open source RDF storage systems, Deliverable 10.1 report, SWAD-Europe project (IST-2001-34732) (2002)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    McBride, B., Jena: Implementing the RDF Model and Syntax Specification. In: HP Labs in proceedings of the Second International Workshop on the Semantic Web, WWW10, Hong Kong, May 1 (2001)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    MacGregor, R.: In-Young Ko, Representing Contextualized Data using Semantic Web Tools. In: Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Practical and Scalable Semantic Systems, ISWC 2003, Sanibal Island, Florida, USA (October 2003)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Bouquet, P., Giunchiglia, F., Harmelen, F., Serafini, L., Stuckenschmidt, H.: Contextualizing Ontologies. Journal of Web Semantics 26, 1–19 (2004)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Bizer, C., Oldakowski, R.: Using Context- and Content-Based Trust Policies on the Semantic Web. In: 13th World Wide Web Conference, WWW 2004 (Poster) (2004)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Official website of RDF-S3 — RDF Source related Storage System,
  14. 14.
    Official website of JENA – a Semantic Web Framework for Java,
  15. 15.
    Official website of the Protégé ontology management tool,
  16. 16.
  17. 17.
    Kaykova, O., Khriyenko, O., Naumenko, A., Terziyan, V., Zharko, A.: RSCDF: Resource State/Condition Description Framework, Deliverable 1.1 report, SmartResource project (September 2004),
  18. 18.
    Kaykova, O., Khriyenko, O., Kovtun, D., Naumenko, A., Terziyan, V., Zharko, A.: GAF: General Adaptation Framework., Deliverable 1.2 report, SmartResource project (October 2004),

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sergiy Nikitin
    • 1
  • Vagan Terziyan
    • 1
  • Yaroslav Tsaruk
    • 1
  • Andriy Zharko
    • 1
  1. 1.Industrial Ontologies Group, Agora CenterUniversity of JyväskyläJyväskyläFinland

Personalised recommendations