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Isolation and Cultivation of Alkaliphiles

  • Vadim V. KevbrinEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Biochemical Engineering/Biotechnology book series (ABE, volume 172)

Abstract

Alkaliphilic microorganisms are ubiquitous and inhabit various econiches on Earth. Alkaline environments suitable for alkaliphilic microbial communities may be created by certain geological processes or human activities. Moreover, a significant contribution to the emergence of alkaline conditions may be due to the activity of neutralophilic microorganisms through certain reactions, which explains the widespread distribution of alkaliphiles. Alkaliphilic microorganisms are part of extremophiles and become interesting and useful in environmental and industrial microbiology. With increasing knowledge of alkaliphiles, we greatly increase their biotechnological and industrial application potential. New microorganisms from natural habitats serve as a practically endless source of new enzymes. This chapter summarizes the scattered data on alkaliphiles isolated from habitats other than soda lakes. The conditions for occurrence of alkaline habitats are also considered. Moreover, the chapter reviews some important features on preparation of media for the isolation and cultivation of alkaliphiles. The chapter also includes relevant information on chromatographic analysis of alkaliphiles culture.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords

Alkaline environments Alkaliphiles Alkaliphilic eukaryotes Chromatography Extremophiles Isolation of alkaliphiles Microbial communities 

Abbreviations

FID

Flame ionization detector

GLC

Gas-liquid chromatography

HPLC

High-performance liquid chromatography

OTU

Operational taxonomic unit

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was partially supported by a grant No. 18-04-00236 from the Russian Foundation for Basic Research “Degradation of nitrogen-containing components of a bacterial cell by alkaliphilic microorganisms of soda lakes” and by Basic Research Program No 17, Subprogram 2 of the Russian Academy of Sciences “Evolution of organic world and planetary processes.”

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Winogradsky Institute of MicrobiologyResearch Center of Biotechnology of the Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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