Biorefineries pp 469-518 | Cite as

Biotechnological and Biochemical Utilization of Lignin

  • Dominik Rais
  • Susanne ZibekEmail author
Part of the Advances in Biochemical Engineering/Biotechnology book series (ABE, volume 166)


This chapter provides an overview of the biosynthesis and structure of lignin. Moreover, examples of the commercial use of lignin and its promising future implementation are briefly described. Many applications are still hampered by the properties of technical lignins. Thus, the major challenge is the conversion of lignins into suitable building blocks or aromatics in order to open up new avenues for the usage of this renewable raw material. This chapter focuses on details about natural lignin degradation by fungi and bacteria, which harbor potential tools for lignin degradation and modification, which might help to develop eco-efficient processes for lignin utilization.


Aromatics Enzymes Lignin Lignin degradation Lignin utilization 



We would like to thank Prof. Dr. Thomas Hirth for making this work possible at Fraunhofer IGB and IGVP, University Stuttgart and Dr. Steffen Rupp for the support at the department.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.IGVPUniversity StuttgartStuttgartGermany
  2. 2.Fraunhofer Institute for Interfacial Engineering and BiotechnologyStuttgartGermany

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