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Biorefineries pp 153-176 | Cite as

Organosolv Processes

  • Nicolas BrosseEmail author
  • Mohd Hazwan Hussin
  • Afidah Abdul Rahim
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Biochemical Engineering/Biotechnology book series (ABE, volume 166)

Abstract

Biofuels and chemicals can be produced from lignocellulosic feedstocks using biotechnological processes. The effective utilization of carbohydrates from biomass for the production of biofuels necessitates the development of pretreatment technologies to enhance their enzymatic digestibility. Among all the various pretreatment methods currently studied and developed, the organosolv processes, in which organic solvents or aqueous organic solvent mixtures are used as the pretreatment medium, appear to be specially promising in the context of the biorefinery because (1) they produce cellulosic pulp with a good enzymatic digestibility for monomeric glucose production and (2) they allow a clean fractionation of the major biomass components (cellulose, lignin, and hemicelluloses) into three process streams. In this chapter we give an updated overview of organosolv methods using conventional solvents and ionic liquids which have recently gained considerable interest as solvents for lignocellulosic biomass and pretreatment.

Keywords

Ionic liquid Lignocellulose Pretreatment 

Notes

Acknowledgment

The EA 4370 LERMAB acknowledges the French National Research Agency through the Laboratory of Excellence ARBRE (ANR-12- LABXARBRE-01) for financial support.

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© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nicolas Brosse
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mohd Hazwan Hussin
    • 2
  • Afidah Abdul Rahim
    • 2
  1. 1.LERMAB, Faculté des Sciences et TechnologiesUniversité de LorraineVandoeuvre-lès-NancyFrance
  2. 2.Lignocellulosic Research Group, School of Chemical SciencesUniversiti Sains MalaysiaPenangMalaysia

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