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Acute Pneumonia and Importance of Atypical Bacteria

  • I. Boyadjiev
  • M. Léone
  • C. Martin
Conference paper
  • 698 Downloads

Abstract

The term and concept of atypical pneumonia appeared in the 1940s following observations of penicillin-resistant pneumonia [1]. Despite the identification of a large number of microorganisms, the challenge of isolating so-called ‘atypical’ bacteria is the principal cause of failure of the etiologic diagnosis of pneumonia. These pathogenic agents in the tracheobronchial tree include a large variety of bacteria, viruses and even protozoa. Among atypical bacteria, Chlamydia pneumoniae, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Legionella pneumoniae, Bordetella pertussis, and Coxiella burnetii are the most widespread. Numerous other bacteria are emerging pathogenic species whose virulence is currently being evaluated. Clinical examination only provides a diagnostic orientation in a restricted number of cases. The availability of rapid and specific microbiologic examination improves the diagnostic performance for this type of pneumonia (Table 1) [2]. Since most of these bacteria are intracellular, diagnosis is based principally on serology.

Keywords

Mycoplasma Pneumoniae Elementary Body Atypical Pneumonia Urinary Antigen Acute Disseminate Encephalomyelitis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. Boyadjiev
    • 1
  • M. Léone
    • 2
  • C. Martin
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care MedicineCHU NordMarseilleFrance
  2. 2.Unit for RickettsiasCNRS UMR 6020 Faculty of MedicineMarseilleFrance

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