Advertisement

Estimating Poverty Lines

Part of the Economic Studies in Inequality, Social Exclusion and Well-Being book series (EIAP, volume 2)

Abstract

Three major issues arise in the estimation and in the use of poverty lines. First, we must define the space in which well-being is to be measured. As discussed in Chapter 1, this can be the space of utility, incomes, “basic needs”, functionings, or capabilities. Second, we must determine whether we are interested in an absolute or in a relative poverty line in the space considered. Third, we must choose whether it is by someone’s “capacity to function” or by someone’s “actual functioning” that we will judge if that person is poor. We consider first the issue of the choice between an absolute and a relative poverty line.

Keywords

Calorie Intake Poverty Line Total Expenditure Relative Deprivation Food Share 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

6.5 References

  1. Barrington, L. (1997): “Estimating Earnings Poverty in 1939: A Comparison of Orshansky-Method and Price-Indexed Definitions of Poverty,” Review of Economics and Statistics, 79, 406–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Blackburn, M. (1998): “The Sensitivity of International Poverty Comparisons,” Review of Income and Wealth, 44, 449–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Blanchplower, D. and A. Oswald (2000): “Well-Being Over Time in Britain and the USA,” Tech. Rep. 7487, National Bureau of Economic Research.Google Scholar
  4. de Vos, K. and T. Garner (1991): “An Evaluation of Subjective Poverty Definitions: Comparing Results from the U.S. and the Netherlands,” Review of Income and Wealth, 37, 267–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. de Vos, K. and A. Zaidi (1998): “Poverty Measurement in the European Union; Country-Specific or Union-Wide Poverty Lines?” Journal of Income Distribution, 8, 77–92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Fisher, G. (1992): “The Development and History of the Poverty Thresholds,” Social Security Bulletin, 55, 3–14.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. — (1995): “Is there Such a Thing as an Absolute Poverty Line Over Time? Evidence from the United States, Britain, Canada, and Australia on the Income Elasticity of the Poverty Line.” Poverty measurement working papers, US Census Bureau.Google Scholar
  8. Foster, J. (1998): “Absolute versus Relative Poverty,” American Economic Review, 88, 335–41.Google Scholar
  9. Glennerster, H. (2000): “US poverty studies and poverty measurement: the past twenty-five years,” CASE paper 42, STICERD.Google Scholar
  10. Goedhart, T., V. Halberstadt, A. Kapteyn, and B. Van Praac. (1977): “The poverty line: concept and measurement,” Journal of Human Resources, XII, 503–520.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Greer, J. and E. Thorbecke (1986): “A Methodology for Measuring Food Poverty Applied to Kenya,” Journal of Development Economics, 24, 59–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hagenaars, A. and B. Van Praag (1985): “A Synthesis of Poverty Line Definitions,” The Review of Income and Wealth, 31, 139–153.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Madden, D. (2000); “Relative or Absolute Poverty Lines: A New Approach,” Review of Income and Wealth, 46, 181–99.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Orshansky, M. (1988): “Counting the poor: another look at the poverty profile,” Social Security Bulletin, 51, 25–51.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Pradhan, M. and M. Ravaluon (2000): “Measuring Poverty Using Qualitative Perceptions of Consumption Adequacy,” Review of Economics and Statistics. 82, 462–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Ravallion, M. (1998a): “Does Aggregation Hide the Harmful Effects of inequality on Growth?” Economics Letters, 61, 73–77.zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. — (1998b): “Poverty Lines in Theory and Practice,” LSMS Working Paper 133, The World Bank.Google Scholar
  18. Ravallion, M. and B. Bidani (1994): “How Robust Is a Poverty Profile?” World Bank Economic Review, 8, 75–102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Ravaixion, M. and M. Lokshin (2002): “Self-Rated Economic Welfare in Russia,” European Economic Review, 46, 1453–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Renwick, T. and B. Bergmann (1993): “A Budget-Based Definition of Poverty: With an Application to Single-Parent Families,” Journal of Human Resources, 28, 1–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Stanovnik, T. (1992): “Perception of Poverty and Income Satisfaction: An Empirical Analysis of Slovene Households,” Journal of Economic Psychology, 13, 57–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Van den Bosch, K., T. Callan, P. Estivill, P. Hausman, B. Jeandidier, R. Muffels, and J. Yfantopoulos (1993): “A Comparison of Poverty in Seven European Countries and Regions Using Subjective and Relative Measures,” Journal of Population Economics, 6, 235–259.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Wodon, Q. (1997a): “Food Energy Intake and Cost of Basic Needs: Measuring Poverty in Bangladesh,” Journal of Development Studies, 34, 66–101.Google Scholar
  24. Zheng, B. (1994): “Can a Poverty Index Be Both Relative and Absolute?” Econometrica, 62, 1453–58.zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2006

Personalised recommendations