© 2006

The EU’s Transformative Power

Europeanization Through Conditionality in Central and Eastern Europe

  • Authors


  • An original study into how the EU influenced Central and East European candidate countries prior to membership

  • The book brings together the insights of the literatures on Europeanization and postcommunist transition

  • Author's reputation and standing in the field current advisor to the EU Commissioner for Enlargement


Part of the Palgrave Studies in European Union Politics book series (PSEUP)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvii
  2. Heather Grabbe
    Pages 1-6
  3. Heather Grabbe
    Pages 39-74
  4. Heather Grabbe
    Pages 116-149
  5. Heather Grabbe
    Pages 150-185
  6. Heather Grabbe
    Pages 186-199
  7. Heather Grabbe
    Pages 200-208
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 209-231

About this book


Between 1989 and 2004, the EU's conditionality for membership had major transformative effects in Central and East Europe. The author analyses how that transformation worked in practice. She explores how the EU used its bargaining power coercively at certain key points in the membership preparations, but concludes that its primary method was soft power, through 'Europeanizing' the candidates into its norms and methods. This book explores in detail how the EU used its influence to control the movement of people, through both conditionality and Europeanization.


European Union Conditionality Central Europe East Europe Europeanization European Politics Europe European Union (EU) transformation

About the authors

Heather Grabbe is Director of the Open Society European Policy Institute, Brussels, Belgium. From 2004 to 2009 she was senior advisor to then European Commissioner for Enlargement Olli Rehn, responsible in his cabinet for the Balkans and Turkey. Before joining the commission, she was deputy director of the Centre for European Reform, the London-based think tank, where she published widely on EU enlargement and other European issues. Previous research posts include Chatham House, the European University Institute and Wolfson College, Oxford University.

Bibliographic information

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"The EU's big bang enlargement in 2004 was a major milestone in the history of European integration. Thanks to the carrots and sticks of conditionality the EU had enormous potential influence. In her detailed, meticulous and landmark study, focusing in particular on the single market and Schengen, Heather Grabbe demonstrates how and why the EU's 'transformative power' varied across the region, over time and from policy area to policy area." - Dr. Tim Haughton, University of Birmingham, UK

"The EU's Transformative Power is an important book. It lends relevant insider insights into the process of enlargement and it is an obligatory guide for anyone interested in the present and the future of European enlargement." - Transitions Online

"The EU's Transformative Power is in a position to offer a major reference point in the Europeanization discourse. Grabbe's book does indeed stand up to such promise and provides an authoritative resource on the effects of EU influence in CEE." - Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding