Beliefs and Leadership in World Politics

Methods and Applications of Operational Code Analysis

  • Editors
  • Mark Schafer
  • Stephen G. Walker

Part of the Advances in Foreign Policy Analysis book series (AFPA)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiv
  2. Introduction

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
  3. Methods: Content Analysis and Formal Models

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 23-23
  4. Applications: The Domain of Leader-Advisor Relations

  5. Applications: The Domain of International Security

  6. Applications: The Domain of International Political Economy

  7. Conclusion

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 235-235
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 249-288

About this book


Focusing on how policy makers make decisions in foreign policy, this book examines how beliefs are causal mechanisms which steer decisions, shape leaders and perceptions of reality, and lead to cognitive and motivated biases that distort, block and recast incoming information from the environment.


42624 Cold War crisis economy environment financial crisis foreign policy interaction international relations language perception political psychology politics psychology terrorism

Bibliographic information

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