Faith and Magic in Early Modern Finland

  • Raisa Maria Toivo

Part of the Palgrave Historical Studies in Witchcraft and Magic book series (PHSWM)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-ix
  2. Raisa Maria Toivo
    Pages 1-23
  3. Raisa Maria Toivo
    Pages 61-111
  4. Raisa Maria Toivo
    Pages 141-146
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 147-183

About this book


Early modern Finland is rarely the focus of attention in the study of European history, but it has a place in the context of northern European religious and political culture. While Finland was theoretically Lutheran, a religious plurality – embodied in ceremonies and interpreted as magic – survived and flourished. Blessing candles, pilgrimages, and offerings to forest spirits merged with catechism hearings and sermon preaching among the lay piety. What were the circumstances that allowed for such a continuity of magic? How were the manifestations and experiences that defined faith and magic tied together? How did western and eastern religious influences manifest themselves in Finnish magic? Faith and Magic in Early Modern Finland shows us how peripheral Finland can shed light on the wider context of European magic and religion.


Early modern Finland Witchcraft Magic Reformation chronology Europe history history of religion modern history reform reformation religion social history social science

Authors and affiliations

  • Raisa Maria Toivo
    • 1
  1. 1.University of TampereFinland

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s) 2016
  • Publisher Name Palgrave Macmillan, London
  • eBook Packages History History (R0)
  • Print ISBN 978-1-349-71437-7
  • Online ISBN 978-1-137-54727-9
  • Buy this book on publisher's site