© 2016

Beyond Networks

Feedback in International Migration

  • Oliver Bakewell
  • Godfried Engbersen
  • Maria Lucinda Fonseca
  • Cindy Horst

Part of the Migration, Diasporas and Citizenship book series (MDC)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. Oliver Bakewell, Agnieszka Kubal, Sónia Pereira
    Pages 1-17
  3. Jørgen Carling, Dominique Jolivet
    Pages 18-46
  4. Rianne Dekker, Godfried Engbersen, Marije Faber
    Pages 69-89
  5. Maria Lucinda Fonseca, Alina Esteves, Jennifer McGarrigle
    Pages 113-133
  6. Oliver Bakewell, Dominique Jolivet
    Pages 183-204
  7. Godfried Engbersen, Erik Snel, Alina Esteves
    Pages 205-230
  8. Godfried Engbersen, Erik Snel, Cindy Horst
    Pages 231-246
  9. Back Matter
    Pages 247-262

About this book


This edited volume explores migration movements to Norway, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and Portugal from Brazil, Morocco and Ukraine, focusing on how the migration processes of yesterday influence those of today. The central analytical tool for this undertaking is the concept of feedback. This volume identifies various feedback mechanisms that initiate, perpetuate and reverse migration movements. It pays attention to the role of personal networks, but it also moves beyond networks by analysing the role of institutions, macro-level factors and forms of broadcast feedback operating through impersonal channels. Based on extensive surveys and in-depth interviews, it changes our understanding of how and why patterns of international migration change over time.


Feedback networks feedback mechanisms reverse cumulative causation international migration methodology migration Nation

Editors and affiliations

  • Oliver Bakewell
    • 1
    • 2
  • Godfried Engbersen
    • 3
  • Maria Lucinda Fonseca
    • 4
  • Cindy Horst
    • 5
  1. 1.International Migration Institute (IMI)UK
  2. 2.Department of International DevelopmentUniversity of OxfordUK
  3. 3.Department of SociologyErasmus University of RotterdamThe Netherlands
  4. 4.Institute of Geography and Spatial Planning (IGOT)Universidade de LisboaPortugal
  5. 5.Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO)Norway

About the editors

Oliver Bakewell is Director of the International Migration Institute and Associate Professor at the Department of International Development, University of Oxford, UK.
Godfried Engbersen is Professor of General Sociology at the Erasmus University of Rotterdam (EUR), the Netherlands. He is Research Director of the Sociology Department and Director of the research group Citizenship, Migration & the City (CIMIC) of the EUR. His current research activities focus on irregular migration, transnational citizenship, social inequality and labour migration from Central and Eastern Europe.
Maria Lucinda Fonseca is Full Professor of Human Geography and Migration Studies at the Institute of Geography and Spatial Planning (IGOT), Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal. She is also the coordinator of the Research Group MIGRARE - Migration, Spaces and Societies at the Centre for Geographical Studies (CEG) at the same institute.

Cindy Horst is Research Professor in Migration and Refugee Studies at the Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO), Norway. Her current research interests include: mobility in conflict; diaspora; humanitarianism; refugee protection; transnational civic engagement; and theorizing on social transformation. She is particularly interested in methodological innovations that allow for critical and ethical conscious research engagement, through shared anthropology and multi-sited ethnography.

Bibliographic information


“Beyond Network anthology adds to migration scholarship a much overlooked aspect, which is an exploration of feedback mechanisms that operate to create links across time and space. … This volume provides a great entry point for anyone interested in doing research based on migration feedback or migration in general. … This volume is highly recommended to students and scholars who are newly interested in media and migration studies and the ones who are interested in conducting mixed methods research projects.” (Madhuri Prabhakar, Nordic Journal of Migration Research, Vol.8 (1), 2018)