© 2014

Gender and Violence in British India

The Road to Amritsar, 1914–1919

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About this book


In British India, the years during and following World War I saw imperial unity deteriorate into a bitter dispute over "native" effeminacy and India's postwar fitness for self-rule. This study demonstrates that increasingly ferocious dispute culminated in the actual physical violence of the Amritsar Massacre of 1919.


British India critique gender India Indian politics rhetoric violence

About the authors

Robert McLain is Associate Professor of History at California State University Fullerton, USA.

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