© 2013

Missionary Masculinity, 1870–1930

The Norwegian Missionaries in South-East Africa


Part of the Genders and Sexualities in History book series (GSX)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xii
  2. Introduction: Missionaries and Masculinities

    1. Kristin Fjelde Tjelle
      Pages 1-24
  3. The Construction of Norwegian Lutheran Missionary Masculinity

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 25-25
    2. Kristin Fjelde Tjelle
      Pages 27-43
    3. Kristin Fjelde Tjelle
      Pages 44-65
    4. Kristin Fjelde Tjelle
      Pages 66-84
    5. Kristin Fjelde Tjelle
      Pages 113-138
  4. Missionary Masculinity between Professionalism and Privacy

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 139-139
    2. Kristin Fjelde Tjelle
      Pages 141-165
    3. Kristin Fjelde Tjelle
      Pages 166-188
    4. Kristin Fjelde Tjelle
      Pages 189-211
    5. Kristin Fjelde Tjelle
      Pages 212-218
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 219-325

About this book


What kind of men were missionaries? What kind of masculinity did they represent, in ideology as well as in practice? Presupposing masculinity to be a cluster of cultural ideas and social practices that change over time and space, and not a stable entity with a natural, inherent meaning, Kristin Fjelde Tjelle seeks to answer such questions.


Africa ideology Martin Luther

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.School of Mission and TheologyStavangerNorway

About the authors

Kristin Fjelde Tjelle is a historian and Director of the School of Mission and Theology in Stavanger, Norway. Her research is on the Norwegian Missionary Movement in the nineteenth and twentieth century with a particular interest in missions and gender.

Bibliographic information


“Tjelle study is a vital and innovative component of wider historical studies of the relationship between religious belief and masculinity. ... Missionary masculinity is an important, fascinating and innovating contribution to the field of historical masculinity ... .” (Catherine Jamieson, Theology & Sexuality, Vol. 21 (2), 2016)

“Kristin Fjelde Tjelle makes a significant contribution to what is still a relatively new approach to the history of the foreign mission movement of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. … will be most useful to Africanist readers with a prior understanding of southern African history and/or the history of missions during the period under study. … Missionary Masculinity’s theoretical groundings and transnational perspective will offer significant insights into important historical questions and suggest multiple avenues for further research.” (Sara C. Jorgensen, African Studies Quarterly, Vol. 16 (1), December, 2015)