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© 2013

Anglo-American Connections in Japanese Chemistry

The Lab as Contact Zone

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About this book

Introduction

Anglo-Japanese and American-Japanese connections in chemistry had a major impact on the institutionalization of scientific and technological higher education in Japan from the late nineteenth century and onwards. They helped define the structure of Japanese scientific pedagogical and research system that lasted well into the post-World World II period of massive technological development, when it became one of the biggest providers of chemists and chemical engineers in the world next to Europe and the United States. In telling this story, Anglo-American Connections in Japanese Chemistry explores various sites of science education such as teaching laboratories and classrooms - where British and American teachers mingled with Japanese students - to shed new light on the lab as a site of global human encounter and intricate social relations that shaped scientific practice.

Keywords

education history interaction Japan state teaching university

About the authors

Yoshiyuki Kikuchi is Associate Professor at the Graduate University for Advanced Studies (Sokendai), Hayama, Japan. He has published extensively on the history of Japanese chemistry in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries and its global contexts. He previously taught at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA, and Harvard University, USA.

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Reviews

'In this fluent account of the dynamic interplay between individual English and American chemists and their Japanese students in three continents, Kikuchi provides a vivid analysis of how different styles of teaching and research affected attitudes to pure and applied chemistry. His brilliant demonstration of the different cultural functions of professors and assistants, and of the laboratory as a two-way contact zone for cultural exchanges, provides an important model for historians of chemistry.' - William Brock, Emeritus Professor of History of Science, University of Leicester, UK