© 2000

European Democratization since 1800

  • John Garrard
  • Vera Tolz
  • Ralph White

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. Introduction

    1. John Garrard, Vera Tolz, Ralph White
      Pages 1-5
  3. Liberal Democratic Theory: Some Reflections on Its History and Its Present

  4. The Nineteenth Century

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 27-27
    2. John Garrard
      Pages 29-49
  5. Between the World Wars

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 77-77
    2. Ralph White
      Pages 79-95
    3. Stefan Berger
      Pages 96-115
  6. Post-1945

  7. Post-Communist Eastern Europe

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 163-163
    2. Teresa Rakowska-Harmstone
      Pages 165-190
    3. Elizabeth Teague
      Pages 225-242
    4. John Garrard, Vera Tolz, Ralph White
      Pages 264-274
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 275-292

About this book


An historical and comparative analysis of democratization in Europe since 1800 which highlights the varied factors accounting for both its success and failure in the past, and its present prospects. Case studies are analysed from four key periods.


Britain communism democracy democratization Europe Germany history Russia

Editors and affiliations

  • John Garrard
    • 1
  • Vera Tolz
    • 1
  • Ralph White
    • 2
  1. 1.University of SalfordUK
  2. 2.Department of Politics and Contemporary HistoryUniversity of SalfordUK

About the editors

JOHN GARRARD is Senior Lecturer in British history at the University of Salford. His publications include The English And Immigration: English Reaction to Jewish Emigration 1880-1910 and Leadership and Power in the Nineteenth Century Towns.

VERA TOLZ is Lecturer in Russian history and politics at the University of Salford. Her publications include The USSR's Emerging Multiparty System and Russian Academicians and the Revolution.

RALPH WHITE is Senior Fellow in the Department of Politics and Contemporary History at the University of Salford. He edited a volume on Resistance in Europe 1939-1945 and published chapters and articles on interwar Europe.

Bibliographic information