© 1999

Poverty and Social Assistance in Transition Countries

  • Authors

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. Christiaan Grootaert, Jeanine Braithwaite
    Pages 17-98
  3. Jeanine Braithwaite, Christiaan Grootaert, Branko Milanovic
    Pages 157-170
  4. Back Matter
    Pages 171-188

About this book


Declining incomes and growing income inequality have led to a rise in poverty in the transition economies of Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. This study examines poverty and social assistance in six countries - Bulgaria, Hungary, Poland, Estonia, Russia, and the Kyrgyz Republic - comparing the poverty profiles and the correlates of poverty between the two regions. The study finds that the profile of poverty is more sharply defined in Eastern Europe than in the former Soviet Union, where poverty is more widespread. This holds the potential for better targeting of social assistance in Eastern Europe, and the study proposes a novel two-step approach to identify the poor.


Eastern Europe Hungary Income inequality inequality poverty Russia science and technology transition Transition Countries

About the authors

JEANINE BRAITHWAITE is Economist in the Europe and Central Asia Department of the World Bank.

CHRISTIAAN GROOTAERT is Senior Economist in the Social Development Department of the World Bank.

BRANKO MILANOVIC is Principal Economist in the Poverty and Human Resources Division of the World Bank.

Bibliographic information

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