© 2008

Hybrid Sovereignty in the Arab Middle East

The Cases of Kuwait, Jordan, and Iraq

  • Authors

Part of the The Middle East In Focus book series (MEF)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. Gokhan Bacik
    Pages 1-14
  3. Gokhan Bacik
    Pages 15-57
  4. Gokhan Bacik
    Pages 103-139
  5. Gokhan Bacik
    Pages 173-209
  6. Gokhan Bacik
    Pages 211-219
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 221-272

About this book


This book provides readers with a fresh analysis of the Arab state by using a new theoretical framework: hybrid sovereignty. The author examines various areas to make his argument: citizenship, the issue of minorities, electoral engineering, the failure of central rule, tribalism, and the lack of impersonal bureaucratic mechanism.


Electoral minority sovereignty state

About the authors

Gökhan Bacik is Assistant Professor of International Relations at Fatih University.

Bibliographic information


"Gokhan Bacik persuasively shows that the sovereign state in the Middle East can best be understood with a model of hybrid sovereignty , comprising the impact of the colonial past and traditional formations. While doing this he also leads the reader to question the conventional Westphalian formulation of sovereignty as a feature of state-to-state relations and instead brings an insight in terms of state-to-society relations. A fascinating attempt to look at the history of state formation in the Middle East through new eyes and from new angles." - Ahmet Nuri Yurdusev, Middle East Technical University, author of International Relations and the Philosophy of History and Ottoman Diplomacy: Conventional or Unconventional?

"Bacik's clear, detailed, and convincing analysis provides crucial insights into the power and sovereignty of the state in Arab countries. This book deserves your attention."

- Fuat Keyman, Koc University, author of Globalization, State, Identity/Difference