© 2002

Surgery, Science and Industry

A Revolution in Fracture Care, 1950s–1990s

  • Authors

Part of the Science, Technology and Medicine in Modern History book series (STMMH)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. Introduction: The AO

    1. Thomas Schlich
      Pages 1-5
  3. Setting up a Network, 19S0s–1970s

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 7-7
    2. Thomas Schlich
      Pages 9-27
    3. Thomas Schlich
      Pages 28-45
    4. Thomas Schlich
      Pages 86-109
    5. Thomas Schlich
      Pages 110-137
  4. Coping with Success, 1970s–1990s

  5. Conclusion

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 237-237
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 260-349

About this book


This book charts the history of the worldwide introduction of an operative treatment method for broken bones, osteosynthesis, by a Swiss-based association, called AO. The success of the close cooperation between the AO's surgeons, scientists and manufacturers in establishing a complicated and risky technique as a standard treatment sheds light on the mechanisms of medical innovation at the crossroads of surgery, science and industry and the nature of modern medicine in general.


acceptance care cooperation coping education Germany history innovation medicine nature research revolution science treatment USA

About the authors

THOMAS SCHLICH is a Medical Historian with a double qualification in history and medicine. He has published widely on history of nineteenth and twentieth century science and medicine. He is the author of books on the history of organ transplantation and the ethical, legal and cultural problems connected with transplant medicine.

Bibliographic information