Foreign Aid and Political Reform

A Comparative Analysis of Democracy Assistance and Political Conditionality

  • Gordon Crawford

Part of the International Political Economy Series book series (IPES)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. Introduction

    1. Gordon Crawford
      Pages 1-8
  3. The Emergence of the New Policy Agenda

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 9-9
    2. Gordon Crawford
      Pages 53-65
    3. Gordon Crawford
      Pages 66-85
  4. Political Aid

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 87-88
    2. Gordon Crawford
      Pages 89-95
    3. Gordon Crawford
      Pages 96-149
    4. Gordon Crawford
      Pages 150-160
  5. Aid Sanctions

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 161-162
    2. Gordon Crawford
      Pages 163-181
    3. Gordon Crawford
      Pages 182-208
    4. Gordon Crawford
      Pages 209-227
  6. Conclusion

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 229-229
    2. Gordon Crawford
      Pages 231-247
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 248-293

About this book


The linkage of development aid to the promotion of human rights, democracy and good governance was a striking departure in the post-cold war foreign policies of Northern 'donor' governments. Uniquely, this book provides a systematic and comparative investigation of policies and practices in the 1990s to promote political reform in Southern 'recipient' countries by four donors, the governments of Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States, plus the European Union. The use of both carrot and stick, that is democracy assistance and aid sanctions, is examined and sharp criticism of current practice offered.


democracy Europe European Union (EU) evaluation Governance

Authors and affiliations

  • Gordon Crawford
    • 1
  1. 1.University of LeedsUK

Bibliographic information