© 2004

Cash-in-Hand Work

The Underground Sector and The Hidden Economy of Favours


Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. Introduction

    1. Colin C. Williams
      Pages 1-12
  3. Examining Cash-in-hand Work: Theory and Methods

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 13-13
    2. Colin C. Williams
      Pages 15-39
    3. Colin C. Williams
      Pages 40-62
  4. Socio-spatial Variations in the Nature of Cash-in-hand Work

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 63-63
    2. Colin C. Williams
      Pages 65-83
    3. Colin C. Williams
      Pages 84-105
    4. Colin C. Williams
      Pages 106-130
  5. Evaluating the Implications of the Policy Options

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 131-131
    2. Colin C. Williams
      Pages 133-160
    3. Colin C. Williams
      Pages 161-176
    4. Colin C. Williams
      Pages 177-197
    5. Colin C. Williams
      Pages 198-206
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 207-237

About this book


Uncovering how cash-in-hand economies are composed of not only the underground sector (work akin to formal employment conducted for profit-motivated purposes), but also a hidden economy of favours more akin to mutual aid, this book displays the need to transcend conventional market-oriented readings of cash-in-hand work and radically rethink whether seeking its eradication through tougher regulations is always appropriate. It argues for a variegated policy approach that recognizes these two distinct forms of cash-in-hand work and which tailors policy accordingly.


employment gender methodology methods nature

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.University of LeicesterEngland

About the authors

COLIN C. WILLIAMS is Professor of Work Organization at the University of Leicester Management Centre. His recent books include Community Self-Help; Alternative Economic Spaces; Poverty and the Third Way and Informal Employment in the Advanced Economies.

Bibliographic information


'This is a concise, well-written and researched book, which clearly outlines the importance of cash-in-hand work and paid mutual favours in contemporary society. Williams effectively addresses knowledge gaps in existing literature and the book makes a significant contribution to our understanding of cash-in-hand work in a range of different contexts and in the lives of different individuals.' - Madeleine Leonard, Queen's University of Belfast, UK