© 1999

The Bolsheviks and the National Question, 1917–23


Part of the Studies in Russia and East Europe book series (SREE)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xviii
  2. Jeremy Smith
    Pages 1-6
  3. Jeremy Smith
    Pages 239-242
  4. Back Matter
    Pages 243-281

About this book


In a timely re-examination of the origins of the system which fell apart so dramatically in 1991, this book deals with the policies of the Soviets towards the non-Russian nationalities of the former Russian Empire. Making extensive use of previously unavailable material from the Soviet archives, Jeremy Smith explores the attempts of the Bolsheviks to promote the development of minority nationalities in the Soviet context, through a combination of political, cultural and educational measures, and looks at the disputes surrounding the creation of the Soviet Union.


Bolsheviks communism empire Russia Soviet Union Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR)

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.Renvall InstituteUniversity of HelsinkiFinland

About the authors

Jeremy Smith is Lecturer in Soviet History at the Renvall Institute at the University of Helsinki.

Bibliographic information


"Jeremy Smith's valuable new book deals with the formulation of Soviet nationalities policy from the Bolsheviks' assumption of power in October 1917 to the definitive formulation of the policy of indigenization...." - The Russian Review

"This is a well-written study, solidly based on archival materials and the contemporary press. Smith adds significant details to the fascinating story of how Bolsheviks built expedient political alliances with the non-Communist nationalists who supported their program of cultural revival, while at the same time dealing with opposition to Moscow's centralizing program from "national Communists" in Georgia, Ukraine, and elsewhere." - American Historical Review